To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 02.
Events on August 02
Famous Birthdays on August 02
Quotes from Legend
"Where shall I begin, please your Majesty?" he asked. "Begin at the beginning” the King said gravely, “and go on till you come to the end: then stop.”
- Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, published today, 1865.
Historical News on August 02
Nelson catches French napping
1798 14-vessel naval squadron commanded by Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson has scored a brilliant tactical victory over a 17-strong French fleet in the Mediterranean.
The wily Nelson caught the French with their ensigns down – at anchor in Aboukir Bay, north of the River Nile in Egypt.
Most of the French ratings were ashore getting water, leaving their commander de Breuys with 120 guns but no one to fire them.
As Nelson’s Fleet sailed into the attack on both sides of the anchored French men-of-war, de Brewers could not launch the classic response, a broadside.
The battle, which started yesterday afternoon at around 4.30, did not end until early this morning.
The French are reported to have lost 11 ships of the line and two frigates, 1,700 of their men are dead, 1,500 wounded and 3,000 captured.
The victorious British, whose losses amounted to only 1,000 dead and wounded, aim to take home six of the captured vessels as prizes.
"Fastest gun" has no chance
1876 The man billed in his colorful shows as the “fastest gun in the West”, “Wild Bill” Hickok fell victim to an assassin’s bullet today.
Hickok, 39, was playing poker in the saloon in Deadwood when Killer Jack McCall struck, shooting the unsuspecting ex-lawman in the back from a vantage point behind the bar.
As a federal marshal, Hickok (real name James Butler Hickok) single-handedly tamed the notoriously rough frontier towns of Hav’s City and Abilene.
Ali out for the count
1849 The Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali Pasha died in Alexandria today, aged 80, a year after retiring from office.
The many economic and administrative reforms introduced during the former soldier’s 44-year reign changed the face of Egyptian society.
The traditional classes paid dearly for their ruler’s primary objective of Increasing his own wealth and power.
His personal ambition eventually led him to challenge the dominance of the Ottoman sultan.
The European powers stepped in to restore the status quo when the Sultan’s fleet deserted to Muhammad Ali, in the wake of the decisive battle of Nezib (1839).
However, Muhammad Ali did not entirely lose out; the right of hereditary succession to Egypt and Sudan was conferred on his family.
Saddam Snatches Oil-Rich Kuwait
1990 Saddam Hussein today made Iraq’s claim to the oil-rich state of Kuwait by invading it.
Thousands of heavily armed Iraqi troops quickly cut through the paper-thin defenses of their tiny Gulf neighbor and are now firmly in control of its capital, Kuwait City.
The Al-Sabah family, which has ruled Kuwait for more than two centuries, has fled to Saudi Arabia.
Tensions between the two countries have been high for several weeks since Saddam accused Kuwait of deliberately over-producing oil, thus depressing prices and damaging Iraq’s fragile economy, Iraq’s action has been condemned by world leaders, most forcibly by British PM Margaret Thatcher and US President George Bush who have not ruled out a military response to the crisis.
filmmaker with films like Metropolis
1976 German film director Fritz Lang has died.
Lang won his reputation as a distinguished silent filmmaker with films like Metropolis (above), a nightmare vision of the future, and M, a study of a psychopathic murderer.
He went to Hollywood in 1934 and tended thereafter to make commercial thrillers.
Golden voice finally stilled
1921 Enrico Caruso, the Neapolitan with the golden voice, died at the Hotel Vesuvio in Naples aged 18.
Singer Caruso was returning to Rome altera a month’s holiday in Sorrento when he suffered a recurrence of the illness that several operations and prolonged medical treatment had failed to cure: peritonitis and sepsis The world has been robbed of one of the most individual operatie talents.
Ganso invented his own vocal technique, developing a style that was just right for the verismo operas that came into vogue at the turn of the century and became a household name.
The King of Italy has allowed the funeral to be held in the basilica of San Francesco di Paola in Naples normally reserved for royalty.