August 02 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 02.

August 02

Events on August 02

1100 English King William Rufus is slain by an arrow while hunting in the New Forest, possibly assassinated by his younger brother, who became Henry I.

1589 Henry II, the last Valois king, is slabbed to death by a mad Dominican monk.

1718 The first quadruple alliance was formed between Britain, France, the Holy Roman Emperor and The Netherlands to maintain the Treaties of Utrecht, recently repudiated by Spain.

1788 Thomas Gainsborough, English landscape and portrait painter, dies.

1830 Charles X of France is Overthrown and abdicates.

1834 The South Australian Association gains a charter to found a colony.

1918 British, French and US Troops try to smash Lenin’s communist revolution by supporting the White forces and seiring Archangel.

1945 The Potsdam Conference, the final allied summit of World War Two, ends.

1948 “Red under the Bed” in the US American politician Alger Hiss testifies to the McCarthy hearings.

1964 US involvement in Vietnam escalates after a torpedo attack on the navy ship Maddox in the Tonkin Gulf: President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a retaliatory strike.

1970 Chonita Belliappa Muthamma, India’s first woman ambassador, is assigned to Hungary.

Famous Birthdays on August 02

Sir Arthur Bliss 1891, English composer and Master of the Queen’s Music from 1953: his work includes film scores and music for the ballet Checkmate.

James Baldwin 1924, American author well known for Another Country and The Amen Corner which explore black conteamporary society.

Peter O’Toole 1932, Irish actor, most famous for his role in Lawrence of Arabia, for which he gained an Oscar nomination.

Quotes from Legend

"Where shall I begin, please your Majesty?" he asked. "Begin at the beginning” the King said gravely, “and go on till you come to the end: then stop.”

- Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, published today, 1865.

Historical News on August 02

Nelson catches French napping

1798 14-vessel naval squadron commanded by Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson has scored a brilliant tactical victory over a 17-strong French fleet in the Mediterranean.

The wily Nelson caught the French with their ensigns down – at anchor in Aboukir Bay, north of the River Nile in Egypt.

Most of the French ratings were ashore getting water, leaving their commander de Breuys with 120 guns but no one to fire them.

As Nelson’s Fleet sailed into the attack on both sides of the anchored French men-of-war, de Brewers could not launch the classic response, a broadside.

The battle, which started yesterday afternoon at around 4.30, did not end until early this morning.

The French are reported to have lost 11 ships of the line and two frigates, 1,700 of their men are dead, 1,500 wounded and 3,000 captured.

The victorious British, whose losses amounted to only 1,000 dead and wounded, aim to take home six of the captured vessels as prizes.

"Fastest gun" has no chance

Fastest gun has no chance on August 01
Fastest gun has no chance

1876 The man billed in his colorful shows as the “fastest gun in the West”, “Wild Bill” Hickok fell victim to an assassin’s bullet today.

Hickok, 39, was playing poker in the saloon in Deadwood when Killer Jack McCall struck, shooting the unsuspecting ex-lawman in the back from a vantage point behind the bar.

As a federal marshal, Hickok (real name James Butler Hickok) single-handedly tamed the notoriously rough frontier towns of Hav’s City and Abilene.

Ali out for the count

1849 The Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali Pasha died in Alexandria today, aged 80, a year after retiring from office.

The many economic and administrative reforms introduced during the former soldier’s 44-year reign changed the face of Egyptian society.

The traditional classes paid dearly for their ruler’s primary objective of Increasing his own wealth and power.

His personal ambition eventually led him to challenge the dominance of the Ottoman sultan.

The European powers stepped in to restore the status quo when the Sultan’s fleet deserted to Muhammad Ali, in the wake of the decisive battle of Nezib (1839).

However, Muhammad Ali did not entirely lose out; the right of hereditary succession to Egypt and Sudan was conferred on his family.

Saddam Snatches Oil-Rich Kuwait

1990 Saddam Hussein today made Iraq’s claim to the oil-rich state of Kuwait by invading it.

Thousands of heavily armed Iraqi troops quickly cut through the paper-thin defenses of their tiny Gulf neighbor and are now firmly in control of its capital, Kuwait City.

The Al-Sabah family, which has ruled Kuwait for more than two centuries, has fled to Saudi Arabia.

Tensions between the two countries have been high for several weeks since Saddam accused Kuwait of deliberately over-producing oil, thus depressing prices and damaging Iraq’s fragile economy, Iraq’s action has been condemned by world leaders, most forcibly by British PM Margaret Thatcher and US President George Bush who have not ruled out a military response to the crisis.

filmmaker with films like Metropolis

Fritz Lang filmmaker with films like Metropolis on August 02
Fritz Lang filmmaker with films like Metropoli

1976 German film director Fritz Lang has died.

Lang won his reputation as a distinguished silent filmmaker with films like Metropolis (above), a nightmare vision of the future, and M, a study of a psychopathic murderer.

He went to Hollywood in 1934 and tended thereafter to make commercial thrillers.

Golden voice finally stilled

1921 Enrico Caruso, the Neapolitan with the golden voice, died at the Hotel Vesuvio in Naples aged 18.

Singer Caruso was returning to Rome altera a month’s holiday in Sorrento when he suffered a recurrence of the illness that several operations and prolonged medical treatment had failed to cure: peritonitis and sepsis The world has been robbed of one of the most individual operatie talents.

Ganso invented his own vocal technique, developing a style that was just right for the verismo operas that came into vogue at the turn of the century and became a household name.

The King of Italy has allowed the funeral to be held in the basilica of San Francesco di Paola in Naples normally reserved for royalty.

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