August 03 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 03.

August 03

Events on August 03

216 CE In the Battle of Cannae a huge Roman army is defeated and its supply depot seized by a smaller army led by Carthaginian general Hannibal. 50,000 Roman soldiers were killed.

1460 Scottish King James Il was killed by the English during the siege of Roxburgh Castle.

1792 Death of Sir Richard Arkwright, the Englishman who invented the water-powered spinning frame.

1924 Death of Joseph Conrad, Polish-born British novelist whose books included The Secret Agent and Lord Jim.

1966 American comedian Lenny Bruce is found dead after having taken an overdose of morphine – police place his body next to a syringe for the benefit of newspaper photographers.

1994 India’s first successful heart transplant was performed at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, by a team of doctors led by Dr P. Venugopal.

2008 Russian writer and dissident Alexander Solzhenitsyn dies, aged 90.

2010 President Obama announces the official end of US combat operations in Iraq.

Famous Birthdays on August 03

Stanley Baldwin 1867, British Conservative prime minister three times between 1923 and 1937.

Haakon VII 1872, Norwegian monarch who refused to surrender to the Germans in World War Two.

Rupert Brooke 1887, British war poet with a romantic image who was hailed as a hero for 1914 and Other Poems.

P.D. James 1920, British crime writer of A Taste of Death and Innocent Blood.

Leon Uris 1924, American author famous for Exodus and the Cuban espionage novel Topaz.

Martin Sheen 1940, American actor, known for his roles in Catch 22 and Apocalypse Now.

Sunil Chhetri 1984, Indian footballer who plays for Sporting Clube de Portugal B.

Quotes from Legend

The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime.

- Lord Grey, British statesman, on the eve of the First World War, 1914.

Historical News on August 03

Summerland Fun Turns to Terror

1973 At least 46 people, including children, were killed and 80 injured in a fire that swept through the six-story Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.

Last night an estimated 7000 people were enjoying the amenities of the 12.5 million ($4.6 million) complex, reckoned to be the largest of its kind in the world.

Just before 8 pm, thick black smoke began to roll through the 342-acre (1.4-hectare) site and within minutes the whole building was ablaze.

The pyramid-shaped acrylic sheeting covering the outside of the two-year-old center melted, dripping onto people as they tried to escape.

Police suspect arson or an electrical fault as the cause.

Next Stop – India

Next stop India Palos de la Frontera on August 03
Next stop India Palos de la Frontera

1492 Shortly before sunrise today a flotilla of three ships set sail from the Spanish port of Palos de la Frontera in search of a land called India.

The leader of the expedition, Cristobal Colon (Christopher Columbus), thought to be a Genoese of Spanish-Jewish extraction, has spent the last eight years trying to get the project off the ground.

The latest hitch came just seven months ago when his patrons, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, were told of Colon’s price for undertaking the trip: a knighthood, the ranks of Grand Admiral and Viceroy (these to become hereditary), and 10 percent of the receipts from his admiralty.

The stunned monarchs dismissed Colon, but later recalled him and met all his demands.

Colon claims to have received divine guidance in his career to date.

He will need every iota to see him safely through the perilous adventure ahead.

Fargo's final journey

Fargo's final journey on August 03
Fargo's final journey

1881 William George Fargo, the wealthy pioneer of the long-distance express service, died at his home in Buffalo, New York, aged 65.

Fargo was already established in the freight forwarding business when he hit upon the idea of offering a transcontinental express service between New York and San Francisco.

The service went into operation in 1852 with hired stagecoaches.

Their cargo was protected by armed guards on the long and perilous journey between the cast and west coasts.

In time Wells Fargo also offered a banking service to the many miners among its clientele, buying the miners’ gold dust in exchange for cash.

Sir Roger hangs for treason

1916 One of Britain’s most distinguished civil servants, Sir Roger Casement, was hanged in London today for his involvement in the Easter Uprising in Dublin.

The former consul in Portuguese East Africa was an Ulster Protestant whose sympathy with the predominantly Catholic Irish nationalists led him to seek aid for their cause in Germany and the United States.

His attempt to recruit Irish prisoners of war to a German brigade that would play a key role in the planned uprising was unsuccessful.

Casement returned from the failed mission in a German submarine and was arrested by British forces soon after landing.

1778 Milanese society donned its finery tonight for the opening of the new opera house, the Teatro Alia Scala, the magnificent replacement for the old Royal Ducal Theatre which burnt down two years ago.

The theatre was designed by Milan’s leading neoclassical architect, Giuseppe Piermarini.

It opened with Europe Recognized by Antonio Salieri.

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