To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 06.
Events on August 06
Famous Birthdays on August 06
Quotes from Legend
I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.
- Robert J. Oppenheimer, nuclear physicist who developed the atom bomb, quoting Vishnu, 1945.
Historical News on August 06
Atom Bomb Wipes Out Hiroshima
1945 At around 8.15 this morning an atomic bomb, dubbed “Little Boy”, was released by a B-29 of the US Air Force, the Enola Gay, above the central Japanese city of Hiroshima.
Two-thirds of the city has been destroyed and at least 1,40,000 people have been killed.
Few people in the immediate vicinity of the epicentre are thought to have survived the blast.
US President Harry Truman was made aware of the bomb’s destructive capabilities three weeks ago.
His decision to use it was made in the face of a terrible conundrum: how to end World War II.
The Japanese military is committed to a fight-to-the-death policy and it would take a further half million American lives to force them into surrender by conventional means.
US woman smashes Channel record
1926 Sports star Gertrude Ederle put in a record swim today in a larger pool than she’s used to the English Channel.
The 20-year-old New Yorker, the Olympic gold medallist (1924) and women’s freestyle world record-holder for distances from 100 to 880 yards, completed the 35 miles (56 km) that separated Cap Gris-Nez and Dover in a lung-bursting 14 hours 31 minutes.
The first woman to swim the Channel, she has dealt a blow to male pride by bettering the 51-year-old record, held by Englishman Matthew Webb, by 1 hour 59 minutes.
Miss Ederle, a leading exponent of the eight-beat crawl (eight kicks for each full stroke with the arm), is now set to retire.
Blyth Spirit Overcomes All
1971 A gauntlet of 200 yachts and an enthusiastic crowd greeted the return to the Hamble of round-the-world yachtsman Chay Blyth today.
The 30,000 miles (48,000 km) voyage took Blyth just 292 days – beating the existing record by 21 days – although he was sailing east to west, against the prevailing winds instead of with them.
The 31-year-old former paratrooper is no stranger to sea adventure – five years ago, he and fellow para John Ridgway rowed across the Atlantic.
Looking tanned and fit after his voyage, Blyth said he would not do it again, even with a crew.
Twice he had been almost swept overboard from the 59-ft (18-m) all-steel ketch British Steel, and for much of the voyage, he sailed without the benefit of the self-steering gear, which had been broken in a storm.
The physical hazards were accompanied by equally daunting mental struggles.
The worst of these were flights of fantasy.
Blyth puts his survival down to his sense of humor – “The worse the situation, the funnier I find it”, he says.
Brush with death
1660 The death was announced in Madrid today by the Spanish court painter Diego Velazquez. He was 61.
Señor Velazquez fell ill shortly after returning to the capital from a trip to France to arrange the decoration of the Spanish pavilion for the marriage of the Infanta Maria Teresa and the French King Louis XIV.
Velazquez first came to the attention of Philip IV at the age of 24.
The king was so pleased with the Sevillian’s portrait that he vowed never to allow another to paint him. Philip had a key to Velazquez’s workshop and is said to have dropped in almost every day to watch him at work.
Velazquez was also responsible for buying paintings and antiques for the King and hiring artists to decorate the interiors of the royal apartments.
The freshness and naturalness evident in his later paintings of the royal family set a new standard in portraiture.
1962 Film star Marilyn Monroe, 36, was found dead in the bedroom of her Hollywood home early yesterday morning.
She had taken an overdose of Nembutal and chloral hydrate pills.
Monroe had a history of sleeping problems and the overdose may have been accidental Two months ago 20th Century Fox fired her for absenteeism from the set of Something’s Got to Give.