To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 07.
Events on August 07
Famous Birthdays on August 07
Historical News on August 07
Say Bye Bye to Little Sooty Sweeps
1840 The British Parliament has passed a law forbidding the indenturing of child sweeps.
Supporters of the bill have waged an emotive campaign against the practice, citing the appalling conditions in which climbing boys live and work.
In addition to the risk of serious accidents and misshapen limbs from climbing chimneys, the boys are also liable to suffer respiratory disease and cancer of the groin as a result of the fumes and soot.
Some masters, it is claimed, deliberately starve their lads to keep them undersized, and reluctant climbing boys are driven up narrow flues by pricking or scorching the soles of their feet.
Until an efficient sweeping machine is patented, however, there is every likelihood of the trade continuing unabated, especially if the new law is not strictly enforced.
1987 The leaders of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica signed a 14-page peace plan in Guatemala City today which aims to settle the 10-year-old conflict in the region.
The plan, the brainchild of Costa Rica’s dynamic young President Oscar Arias, calls for a ceasefire in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, an end to all foreign involvement in the region’s affairs, including US sponsorship of the Nicaraguan Contra guerrillas, and an amnesty for political prisoners.
No more fine messes
1957 Oliver Hardy, the fat one in the Laurel and Hardy comic-duo, died of a stroke today, aged 65.
Born in Harlem, Georgia, Ollie (real name Norvell) stumbled into films by chance after a series of career failures, including law and medicine.
He made little headway in Hollywood until in 1927 producer Hal Roach teamed him with British-born ex-Vaudeville trooper Stan Laurel (Arthur Stanley Jefferson) in a comedy short, Putting Pants on Philip.
From the start, there was never any argument between the two men, despite Laurel’s insistence on earning twice as much as his partner.
While Laurel would spend hours rewriting scripts and involve himself in directing their films, the easygoing Hardy would head for the race track or golf course.
The creativity that Laurel brought to the partnership was matched by Hardy’s ineffable presence on screen, however.
Laurel, now 67, is reportedly devastated by the news of Hardy’s death.
US Embassies in Africa Bombed
1998 At least 200 people have been killed and over 1,000 injured in explosions at the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which took place within minutes of each other.
No one has claimed responsibility for the blasts but US officials believe the attacks were the work of Osama bin Laden, an Islamic Muslim fundamentalist.
The first blast occurred in the Tanzanian capital Dar es Salaam and caused widespread devastation, destroying the reception area of the embassy.
The second, five minutes later, was in Nairobi, the capital of Kenya.
The explosion demolished a five-story office block, which crashed down onto the embassy next door.
The US embassy was badly damaged and its bomb-proof doors ripped off.
Two passing buses were also wrecked.
Volunteers have worked hard to pull survivors from the rubble and cranes are freeing those who are trapped.
1987 In an unexpected move, Dr. David Owen announced his resignation yesterday as leader of Britain’s Social Democratic Party.
The decision comes in the wake of his party’s vote for a merger with the Liberal Party.
Dr Owen, one of the original “Gang of Four” who abandoned the Labour Party to set up the SDP in 1981, is vehemently opposed to such a union.
A breakaway Social Democratic party with Dr. Owen at the helm is on the cards, although the idea of a fourth political party is being ridiculed as pie in the sky.