August 09 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 09.

August 09

Events on August 09

1653 Marten Harpertszoon Tromp, the Dutch admiral who fought against Spain and England, is killed after a battle with the English fleet off the Dutch coast.

1794 General Napoleon Bonaparte is arrested in France on suspicion of Robespierrism.

1867 John Harrison Surratt is arrested as an alleged conspirator in the assassination of American president Abraham Lincoln.

1902 After a six-week delay due to an emergency appendectomy, 64-year-old Edward VII is crowned king of England.

1919 Death of Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer best known for the opera I Pagliacci.

1942 Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Britain for his Quit India campaign, which demands that the British should immediately withdraw from India.

1965 Singapore is separated from Malaysia and becomes an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations.

1975 Death of the Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, who wrote his first symphony at the age of 18.

Famous Birthdays on August 09

Thomas Telford 1757, famous Scottish bridge engineer best known for his construction of the suspension bridge over the Menai Straits.

Leonide Massine 1896, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer who created more than 50 ballets for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Robert Aldrich 1918, American film director whose films include Whatever Happened To Baby Jane? and The Dirty Dozen.

Philip Larkin 1922, British poet who wrote “The Whitsun Weddings” and “High Windows”.

Rod Laver 1938, Australian tennis star who won the singles at Wimbledon four times.

Whitney Houston 1964, American singer and actress, who starred in The Bodyguard in 1992.

Quotes from Legend

If God wanted us to walk around naked, we would have been born that way

- Anon - Brighton's nudist beach opened today, 1979.

Historical News on August 09

Creek tragedy

1814 A settlement of the dispute between the US government and the Creek Indians was formally concluded today with the signing of the Treaty of Fort Jackson.

Under the terms of the treaty, the Indians are to lose 23 million acres (9.3 million hectares) of land, comprising over half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia, to the US.

The war flared up last August with the Creeks’ fears about losing traditional hunting grounds to white settlers.

Their first foray ended in the massacre of frontier people at Fort Minis, on the lower Alabama River.

The response from the US authorities was swift.

A 5000-strong militia under General Andrew Jackson wiped out two Indian villages and this spring, at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, killed more than 800 warriors and took 500 women and children prisoner.

The Indians’ campaign was chaotic, for at no time were all 50 Creek towns united in aim, and some towns chose to fight with the US.

Unfortunately, the punishment meted out to the Creeks is not selective and affects the many who supported Jackson.

1945 An atomic bomb identical to the one released by the US Air Force over the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6 has been exploded over Nagasaki.

50 percent of the city’s area has been destroyed.

The original target, Kokura, had to be abandoned when bad weather prevented the location of the aim point.

1974 Gerald R. Ford today became the first American President ever to take office without being chosen by the American people in a national election.

The 38th President turned down offers to become a professional footballer to go to Michigan University then Yale Law School.

He served in the navy in World War Two and was elected in 1949 as a Republican to the House of Representatives, and began his political career.

Brighton Beautiful

1979 Councillors in the Sussex seaside town of Brighton have caused a furor by agreeing to allow naturists to bare all on one of the less popular beaches in the borough.

Opponents of the scheme fear that the designated area, Cliff Beach, which lies just below the Kemptown area of Brighton, will attract all sorts of undesirables.

Britain’s 20,000 or so naturists, however, warmly welcome the move.

Those of a nervous disposition need venture no further than the sign at the perimeter of the beach which gently points out that “Clothes Need Be Worn Beyond This Notice”.

Real-life drama

Bizarre real life drama playwright Joe Orton on August 09
Bizarre real life drama playwright Joe Orton

1967 The bizarre life of playwright Joe Orton, 34, came to a bizarre end today.

In a tiny Islington bedsit, police found Orton with his skull smashed in and his flatmate Kenneth Halliwell.

40, dead from an overdose.

A note, written by Halliwell. was discovered nearby; it read, “If you read his diary all will be explained”.

Orton shot to fame in 1964 with the success of his first play, Entertaining Mr. Sloane.

This was followed in 1966. boy Loot. Orton’s unique brand of anarchic humor both shocked and entertained audiences. In his personal life. too.

Orion cocked a snook at conventional morality and reveled in the danger of anonymous sexual encounters in public lavatories.

GRACE STUMPED BY HOBBS

1930 Surrey and England batsman Jack Hobbs notched up another milestone in his illustrious career today by scoring even more runs than cricketing giant W.G. Grace.

In a perfectly judged 40 against Middlesex at the Kennington Oval, London, Hobbs overtook the great doctor’s aggregate record of 54,896 runs.

Five years ago Hobbs broke another of WG Grace’s records, by exceeding 125 centuries.

Hobbs is so thrilled that he intends to inscribe his bat as a reminder of his historic achievement today.

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