August 10 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 10.

August 10

Events on August 10

843 CE The Treaty of Verdun divided the Frankish empire.

1675 The foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, is laid by King Charles II.

1846 The Smithsonian Institution for scientific research was established in Washington with a request from English scientist James Smithson.

1885 The first Promenade Concert, organized by Sir Henry Wood, was held at Queens Hall in London.

1896 Otto Lillenthal, the German aviation pioneer, dies after a glider crash which occurred yesterday.

1889 The screw bottle top is patented at the Hope Glass Works near Barnsley, Yorkshire, England.

1913 The Treaty of Bucharest is signed, ending the second Balkan War and partitioning Macedonia between Serbia, Greece, Romania and Bulgaria.

1961 Britain applies to join the EEC.

1964 Mick Jagger of the Rolling Stones is fined £32 ($59) for driving a car with no insurance in Liverpool.

1966 The first American moon satellite, Orbiter 1, is launched.

Famous Birthdays on August 10

Count (Camillo Benso) Cavour 1810, Italian statesman who played a large role in the unification of Italy and became prime minister in the new kingdom.

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande 1860, the great Indian architect of the renaissance of Hindustani music, who played a vital role in reviving north Indian classical music.

Herbert Hoover 1874, American Republican president 1929-33 with a belief in individual freedom that led him to reject federal relief for unemployment during the Depression and lost him the 1932 election to Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Historical News on August 10

HarmonIOUS

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart HarmonIOUs on August 10
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart HarmonIOUs

1788 August 10 seems a propitious day for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Last year on this day the prolific Salzburg-born composer completed Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, a tuneful little piece, and today he finished his “Jupiter” symphony.

Despite his almost constant composing, however -three complete symphonies since June 26 this year – and his appointment as Kammermusicus to write music for court balls, the 32-year-old Mozart is deeply in debt with no relief in sight.

Sharon Tate butchered

1969 Beautiful film actress Sharon Tate was found brutally murdered at her Hollywood home today.

The bodies of four other people were also found at the rented house in Cielo Avenue, which Miss Tate shared with her husband, director Roman Polanski.

He has cut short his trip to England, where he has been finishing a film.

Miss Tate was eight-and-a-half months pregnant with the couple’s first child.

1792 In a virtual re-run of the storming of the Bastille some three years ago, members of a new revolutionary Commune attacked the Tuileries this morning.

At the forefront of the attack were the Bretons and Marseillais.

The royal family has fled for protection to the Legislative Assembly, with no guarantee of safety.

US whitewash

1900 Torrential rain brought the first international tennis competition, the Davis Cup, to a premature close at Longwood, Boston, today.

The United States held an unassailable 3-0 lead over the challengers, Great Britain when the match was abandoned.

The three-day competition is the brainchild of US doubles champion Dwight Davís, who has also donated the tournament trophy, a massive gold-lined solid silver punch bowl valued at $1,000 (£544).

The winning team comprised Davis himself, M.D. Whitman and Holcombe Ward.

With the three top British players unavailable, Arthur Gore, Ernest Black, and H. Roper Barrett could only struggle manfully against seemingly overwhelming odds.

These included a heat-wave on the first two days, grass twice as long as they are used to in England, a net that sagged 2-3 inches (5-7,5 cm), and tennis balls likened to “animated egg-plums”.

Usain Bolt Defends Sprint Titles In Style

2012 Breaking records is becoming a habit for Usain Bolt.

The Jamaican has become the first man in history to defend his two Olympic sprint titles.

Having retained his 100m title in an Olympic record time of 9.63 seconds – in a final where only one runner failed to break the 10-second barrier – he went on to beat fellow Jamaicans Yohan Blake and Warren Weir in the 200m in a time of 19.32 seconds to complete a remarkable clean sweep.

Though he failed, in either event, to break his own world records the man himself was clearly delighted with his achievements, modestly declaring himself as a living legend of the Olympics.

Mary's Zola Eclipse

Athletics Mary Decker zola eclipse on August 10
Athletics Mary Decker zola eclipse

1984 Mary Decker, America’s golden girl of athletics who was a double-gold medallist at last year’s world championships in Helsinki, crashed out of today’s 3,000 meter Olympics final in Los Angeles.

The catastrophe came when she tripped over the leg of barefoot runner Zola Budd, the South African recently given UK citizenship in order to represent Britain in the Games, Budd was disqualified instantly by referee Andy Bakjian.

His decision was later overturned by an eight-member jury who, after studying film of the race, ruled that 18-year old Budd was not to blame – the accident had occurred because of Decker’s “aggressive tactics”.

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