August 15 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 15.

August 15

Events on August 15

1057 The Scottish King Macbeth, who killed King Duncan I in 1040, is killed by Duncan’s son Malcolm.

1914 The 52 mile (82 km) Panama Canal is opened, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

1947 India gained independence from Britain with Jawaharlal Nehru as the first prime minister.

1955 12 Indian protesters demanding the return of Goa are killed by Portuguese troops.

1965 20,000 National Guards are called in to control the race riots which are being fought in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.

1965 A Beatles concert draws 56,000 fans to Shea Stadium, New York, and creates a new outdoor audience record.

1969 The Indian Space Research – Orgaanisation (ISRO) was formed under the Department of Atomic Energy.

1987 Corporal punishment is banned in Britain except in independent schools.

1989 Giant mutant trees are found growing around the damaged Soviet nuclear reactor at Chernobyl.

Famous Birthdays on August 15

Napoleon Bonaparte 1769, Corsican military man and Emperor of France 1804-15. 

Sir Walter Scott 1771, British novelist whose works include the novels Waverley and Ivanhoe

James Keir Hardie 1856, Scottish politician and founder of the British Labour Party.

Ethel Barrymore 1879, American actress who won an Oscar for None but the Lonely Heart.

T.E. Lawrence 1888, English soldier and writer known as Lawrence of Arabia who wrote The Seven Pillars of Wisdom.

Robert Bolt 1924, English playwright who wrote A Man for all Seasons.

Oscar Peterson 1925, Canadian jazz pianist and composer.

Quotes from Legend

By yesterday morning British troops were patrolling the streets of Belfast. I fear that once Catholics and Protestants get used to our presence they will hate us more than they hate each other.

- Richard Crossman, British politician, 1969.

Quotes from Legend

Every country has the government it deserves.

- Joseph de Maistre, 1811.

Quotes from Legend

"When Germany was four goals down, a ball hit Allen's pad and rebounded. The Germans took full advantage of this and made a rush, netting the ball before we could stop it. That was the only goal Germany would score in the match against our eight, and incidentally the only goal scored against India in the entire Olympic tournament."

- Dhyan Chand, 1952.

Historical News on August 15

International Hockey History

1936 India’s 8-1 victory today in the Berlin Olympics against the host country has brought a smile to every Indian across the country.

Beyond the fact that the one goal Germany scored was the only goal scored against India in the course of the entire tournament, Dhyan Chand, the captain of the team, took off his spiked shoes and played barefoot to the shock of the crowd.

The first half of the final was relatively mild; in the second half, the team erupted, scoring seven goals.

This was a peerless display and the German papers, which had been predicting a German win, are now shouting praise for India.

Older Indian hockey fans have a cornucopia of tales of brilliant shots and exhilarating wins to tell and today’s win may be the beginning of the revival of Indian hockey.

1534 Former Spanish knight Ignatius Loyola today led his small band of followers to Montmartre in Paris, where they bound themselves by vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.

Loyola has already appeared before the religious authorities in Spain and France to explain his unusual lifestyle.

Between 1522 and his arrival in the French capital in 1528, this routinely included begging, scourging himself and spending several hours a day in prayer.

The 43-year-old student now aims to study for the priesthood to be able to help souls”.

Woodstock 'n' Roll

Woodstock 'n' roll on August 15
Woodstock 'n' roll

1969 An estimated 3,00,000 people are expected to attend the three day Woodstock Music and Art Fair which opened at Bethel, in upstate New York, today.

The outdoor rock concert has attracted many leading performers, including Jimi Hendrix, Joan Baez, Ravi Shankar, Janis Joplin, The Who and Jefferson Airplane.

The thousands of young people fighting their way through the traffic jams to savour hippie culture may find the real thing a salutary experience.

The hard facts of the peaceful communing are water and food shortages and large threatening clouds.

Jolly Rogers Strike Their Flags

1967 The Marine Broadcasting Offences Bill introduced by the British Labor government looks set to sink the offshore pirate radio stations that have revolutionized broadcasting over the past few years.

The bill, which comes into force today, is designed to starve the pirates of the revenue that keeps them afloat by making it illegal for British firms to advertise with them.

Working for or supplying the vessels is also an offence.

The government hopes that the new nationwide pop network to be launched by the BBC will compensate the public for the loss of the pirates.

However, the station that started the pirate phenomenon, Radio Caroline, promises to continue broadcasting from international waters off the Essex coast.

Tivoli's Garden of Delight

1843 The Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen were opened today by George Carstensen.

They provide a much-needed meeting place for the citizens of Copenhagen and are expected to attract visitors to the city from Denmark and all over the world.

Laid out on part of the city’s old defence works, the gardens offer a range of amenities, including eating places, amusement rides and amphi-theatres for Thousands of gas lights illuminate concert and stage performances.

The gardens at night, creating a magical atmosphere which is further enhanced by the backdrop of Chinese and Moorish buildings.

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