August 22 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 22.

August 22

Events on August 22

1639 Madras, India, was founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.

1815 Ultra-royalist reactionaries win the majority in the first parliamentary elections in France.

1849 Amaral, the Portuguese governor of Macao, is assassinated for anti-Chinese politics.

1862 Belgium signs a commercial treaty with Britain.

1868 10,000 Chinese plunder the China Inland Mission.

1940 Death of Sir Oliver Lodge English physicist who pioneered wireless telegraphy.

1953 Iran’s Shah returns to the Peacock Throne and Mossaddegh is jailed after a military coup.

1963 Charlie Wilson is jailed for the Great Train Robbery.

1978 Death of Jomo Kenyatta, the first President of Kenya.

1989 British Telecom launched the world’s first pocket-phones which operate within 100 yards of a public base station.

Famous Birthdays on August 22

Claude Debussy 1862, French composer best known for Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune and La Mer.

Dorothy Parker 1893, American writer, critic and humorist who was a founder member of the Algonquin Round Table, whose members were known for their sharp wit and intellectual liveliness.

Henri Cartier-Bresson 1908, French photographer, considered one of the greatest.

Ray Bradbury 1920, American poetic science-fiction writer of the Martian Chronicles.

Karlheinz Stockhausen 1928, German composer and conductor whose work includes Kontakte.

Steve Davis 1957, English snooker world champion, the first player to win more than £1 million ($1.8 million) from the game.

Quotes from Legend

I have recently been all round the world and have formed a very poor opinion of it.

- Thomas Beecham, British conductor, 1946.

Historical News on August 22

Black Year For Airline Travel

1985 54 people died today when a British Airtours Boeing 747 bound for Cortu caught fire at Manchester airport shortly after engine failure forced the pilot to abandon takeoff.

The emergency services reached the aircraft within seconds of it coming to a standstill, but were unable to extinguish the inferno in time to save many passengers at the rear of the cabin.

Today’s disaster brings the 1985 death toll from aviation accidents to 1679, the worst annual figure on record. In addition to the Manchester disaster, on August 2 this year a Delta Airways Tristar crashed in a storm at Dallas-Fort Worth and on August 12 a Japan Airlines Boeing 747 came down near Tokyo, killing 520.

Red Rose Flowers Again

Red rose flowers again on August 22
Red rose flowers again

1485 The 30 year struggle between the houses of Lancaster and York for the throne of England ended today in victory for the Lancastrians.

The decisive blow was dealt at Bosworth Field, 12 miles (19 km) west of Leicentor, where key noblemen such as the Stanley brothers deserted Richard at his hour of greatest need to swing the battle Henry Tudor’s way.

Richard III fought on bravely before being unhorsed and killed.

The 1000 or so mercenaries supplied by King Louis XI of France were a major factor in Tudor’s success.

Opposition to the 28-year-old usurper, who will be known as Henry VII, is likely to continue, however, until a way can be found of reconciling the white rose and the red, the well known emblems of the houses of York and Lancaster respectively.

Prague Dragged Back to Moscow

Prague dragged back to Moscow on August 22
Prague dragged back to Moscow

1968 Tanks belonging to a five-nation Warsaw Pact force have entered the Czech capital, Prague, to crush with military might the first flowering of Alexander Dubcek’s reforms.

Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev had become increasingly alarmed by the consequences of Dubcek’s championship of the “human face of socialism”.

Since January this year, first secretary Dubcek had introduced many economic, political and cultural reforms and promised further moves towards democratization.

The Soviet Tass news agency is portraying the invasion as a timely intervention to save the Czech nation.

The news film shot by Western sources, however, tells of a people in despair at the prospect of the political clock being turned back to Communist orthodoxy.

Charles Challenges The Commons

1642 The divide separating King Charles I from the English Parliament seems to be hardening Into a battle line, The King has raised his military standard in Nottingham town.

It is almost certain that he will be able to count on the support of many peers and gentry who fear the consequences of a parliament infiltrated by the “common people”.

Three days ago both houses of parliament issued a joint statement denouncing as traitors any who join the King’s cause.

A parliamentary army of 10,000 has been mobilized.

Half-Smile Half-Inched

Half smile half inched Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa on August 22
Half smile half inched Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa

1911 The world’s most famous painting, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, was stolen during the night from the Louvre in Paris.

Museum officials are embarrassed by the loss of their most prized exhibit, which is one of the few works that the great Leonardo actually completed.

Police have no clues as to the identity of the thief, or thieves, and seem to be banking on the Mona Lisa recovering herself.

Just a glimpse of her smile should give away the whereabouts of the painting, said to represent the mystery of existence.

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