To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 23.
Events on August 23
Famous Birthdays on August 23
Quotes from Legend
My principal is: France before everything.
- Napoleon I, French Emperor, in a letter to Eugène Beauharnais, 1810.
Historical News on August 23
Death of A Dream Lover
1926 Screen actor Rudolph Valentino, the idol of millions, died today of peritonitis in New York’s Polyclinic Hospital, Valentino, 31, was in New York to publicize his latest film, The Son of the Sheikh, In five short years and a dozen films, including The Sheikh and Blood and Sand, Italian born Valentino carved a unique image for himself as the epitome of virility, Recently, though, he hand been the subject of unkind comments in the media.
Last month the Chicago Tribune suggested that “pink powder pull” was a more apt label for the looks-conscious slar than “the great lorer”.
The revelation that both of his ex-wifes, Jean Acker and Natacha Ramlova, are lesbian also caused much speculation abount Valentino’s own sexual orientation.
For many, though, he was the dream lover.
News of his demise has reportedly provoked a rush of suicides worldwide.
Love at First Flight
1988 British Airways showed off its first husband and wife team of pilot recruits today.
The couple, Anna and Danish-born Morten Riis, begin their intensive pilots’ course with BA tomorrow.
After training, they will be assigned to separate aircrafts as co-pilots.
The couple met on a commercial pilot’s course at Perth in Scotland and married precisely two years and five days later.
Goths Gatecrash Rome
410 CE The disintegration of the once-mighty Roman is continuing apace with the fall of Rome to the Visigoths.
Alaric, King of the Visigoths, ordered his men to storm the city after the refusal by the Roman emperor of the West, Honorius, to agree to his terms.
The citizens of Rome are paying the price for their emperor’s delusions of power.
While he remains in the safety of his new and impregnable capital, Ravenna, they are being sacked.
Two years ago, when Alaric first threatened the city, the Roman authorities contemplated offering Sacrifices to the gods as a means of keeping the Visigoths at bay.
On this occasion, the authorities needed only to offer land and subsidies.
Fortunately for those who treasure Rome’s beauty, first reports of the sack suggest that booty rather than wholesale destruction is the main aim of the invaders.
The biggest loss from the fall of the capital is to Roman prestige.
1960 A new type of show is the talk of this year’s Edinburgh fringe: Beyond the Fringe, the work of Alan Bennett, Peter Cook, Jonathan Miller and Dudley Moore, brings political satire to intimate revue.
Critics are hailing it as the best thing to hit Edinburgh for many a year.
Prejudice Threatens True Justice
1927 In one of the most controversial cases in American legal history, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti went to the electric chair today.
In July 1921 a jury found the men guilty of the murders of a factory paymaster and a guard during a robbery in South Braintree, Massachusetts.
The guilty verdict was challenged on the grounds that the judge and jury had been prejudiced against the two political anarchists and immigrants.
Calls for a retrial were denied, even when in 1925 condemned criminal Celestino Madeiros gave evidence that the murders had been committed by the Morelli Gang Governor AT.
Fuller refused clemency for the two Italians, supported by an independent committee inspecting the case.
Questions concerning – administration of justice remain to be answered.