August 24 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 24.

August 24

Events on August 24

79 CE In Italy Mount Vesuvius erupts and destroys Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and a number of smaller settlements.

1690 Job Charnock establishes a trading post on behalf of the English East India Company in Kalikata, West Bengal.

1906 Kidney transplants were carried out on dogs at a medical conference in Toronto, Canada.

1940 The Lancet reports the first purification of penicillin by professors Howard Florey and Ernest Chain.

1942 The Duke of Kent, youngest brother of George VI, dies in a flying boat accident while on active duty.

1951 The Mau Mau rebellion begins, led by Kenyan nationalists.

1954 Getúlio Vargas, 71 year-old President of Brazil, shoots himself to avoid scandal and demands that he relinquish power.

1975 Annabel Hunt gives the first official nude opera performance in Britain in Ulysses – it’s also the first nude televised performance.

1990 The Irish hostage Brian Keenan is released from Beirut.

Famous Birthdays on August 24

Robert Herrick 1591, English lyric poet and friend of Ben Jonson who wrote Gather ye rosebuds while ye may.

George Stubbs 1724, English animal painter and engraver, celebrated as the greatest of all horse painters. Virtually self-taught, he earned his living as a portrait painter in his early career.

In 1766 he published his famous book The Anatomy of the Horse which was an instant success.

His paintings include Mare and Foals in a River Landscape.

William Wilberforce 1759, English philanthropist and anti slave-trade campaigner.

Sir Max Beerbohm 1872, English caricaturist, writer and wit.

Jorge Luis Borges 1899, Argentinian author who dictated The Book of Imaginary Beings having gone blind.

Quotes from Legend

Latins are tenderly enthusiastic. In Brazil they throw flowers at you. In Argentina they throw themselves.

- Marlene Dietrich, 1959.

Historical News on August 24

Royal Wedding Toasted in Blood

1572 Six days ago the exchange of marriage vows between the Catholic Marguerite de Valois, daughter of Henry Il of France and Catherine de Medici, and Protestant Henri de Bourbon, king of Navarre, seemed to augur well for future relations between Roman Catholics and Protestant Huguenots in France.

Today, the feast of St Bartholomew, the streets of Paris are running with the blood of the Huguenot nobles who attended the wedding.

Only the bridegroom and the Prince de Condé have escaped the slaughter, The bridegroom’s mother-in-law, Catherine, ordered the killing as part of her campaign against the Huguenot party and its influence over her son, Charles IX.

The issuing of a royal order to stop the killing is expected shortly.

The indications are, however, that the anti-Huguenot blood-lust is spreading to the provinces.

Pressure Pushes Poet to Poison

Pressure pushes poet Thomas Chatterton to poison on August 24
Pressure pushes poet Thomas Chatterton to poison

1770 Poet Thomas Chatterton, 17, fatally poisoned himself with arsenic today at his lodgings in Brooke Street, in the city of London.

He had become increasingly depressed by lack of recognition and persistent charges of “forgery”.

Born in Bristol, the son of an impoverished schoolmaster, Chatterton was first published before the age of 12.

However, his enthusiasm for recreating the medieval world, in his “Rowley” poems, came at the wrong time.

Chatterton was denounced as a “forger” in the mould of the impudent James Macpherson, whose “rediscovery”, of the works of the third-century Gaelic bard, Ossian, became the literary sensation of the 1760s.

1981 A Manhattan Supreme Court judge jailed Mark David Chapman for 20 years to life for shooting dead John Lennon last December.

Against his lawyers’ wishes, Chapman had withdrawn his plea of not guilty by reason of insanity, saying God had ordered him to confess.

Judge Edwards refused pleas of clemency and ordered that he should receive psychiatric treatment.

Bitter British Torch Washington

1814 The small but very bitter war currently being fought by Britain and America is continuing in the punitive vein struck towards the end of last year.

Wanton destruction has been countered with wanton destruction.

The latest target is Washington, which has been burnt by a 4000-strong British force of Peninsular War veterans under General Ross.

The army, which was brought to the Washington approaches by ships of Admiral Cochrane’s fleet, defeated local defence forces at Bladensburg before entering the capital and putting it to the torch.

Among the casualties is the US President’s official residence, the White House.

The architect, James Hoban, will doubtless be asked to redesign it.

Spaniards Find Women Warriors

spaniards find women warriors on August 24
spaniards find women warriors

1542 The Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana has reportedly discovered new lands east of Quito.

Last April, Orellana and a group of around 50 men were sent ahead of the expedition, led by Gonzalo Pizarro to gather provisions.

However, instead of returning, Orellana was persuaded to push on and explore the great river system that lay before them.

The men’s brigantine drifted with the current and eventually reached the mouth of the river.

The explorers are said to be full of fantastic tales of treasure and, most curiously of all, tribes of women warriors resembling Amazons.

Orellana is keen to return to his “Amazon River” region in order to exploit its enormous wealth.

This may prove problematic, however, because Spain and Portugal are in dispute over ownership of the territory.

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