August 25 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 25.

August 25

Events on August 25

1819 Death of James Watt, English engineer and inventor of the steam engine.

1804 Alicia Meynell completes a four-mile racecourse in York, Britain, to become the first known female jockey.

1837 Henry William Crawford of London patents a process for producing galvanized iron.

1841 Three women graduate from Oberlin Collegiate Institute, Ohio and are the first women to be granted degrees.

1867 Death of Michael Faraday, English chemist and physicist who invented the first electrical cell (battery).

1917 The first significant step towards the Indianization of the British Indian Army is initiated when seven Indians serving in the British Indian Army are granted the King’s Commission in the Infantry and the Cavalry.

1919 The first scheduled international air service begins between Paris and London.

2009 Veteran US senator Edward Kennedy dies, aged 77.

Famous Birthdays on August 25

Ivan the Terrible (Ivan IV) 1530, Russian tsar who executed more than 3000, including the royal heir.

Allan Pinkerton 1819. Scottish born founder of the famous Pinkerton National Detective Agency in America, which specialized in railway theft.

Leonard Bernstein 1918, American composer and conductor best known for composing the music for West Side Story.

Sean Connery 1930, Scottish actor who played the leading role in seven James Bond movies and won an Oscar for best supporting actor in The Untouchables.

Wayne Shorter 1933, American saxophonist with Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers and then Miles Davis.

Elvis Costello 1954, British singer and songwriter well known for songs such as “Oliver’s Army”.

Quotes from Legend

Is Paris burning?

- Adolf Hitler, before the liberation of Paris today, 1940.

Historical News on August 25

Vive la France!

Vive la France on August 25
Vive la France

1944 The four-year long ordeal that Paris and her citizens have suffered at the hands of the Nazis is almost over.

With the forces of General Leclerc approaching the city and Resistance fighters continuing to attack from the centre, flushing out enemy nests, liberation is almost complete.

Parisians owe thanks to the Kommandant of Paris, General von Choltitz, who gave himself up today rather than carry out his Führer’s order to blow up the capital’s bridges and principal buildings to halt the advance.

Tomorrow Free French leader General Charles de Gaulle will attend a liberation procession through the streets of Paris and a service of thanksgiving in Notre Dame cathedral.

Scorsese Film Crucified

1988 British film censors today risked damnation in this world and beyond by issuing the controversial film The Last Temptation of Christ with an 18 certificate.

The film, by director Martin Scorsese, has raised a storm among Christian groups and Church leaders on both sides of the Atlantic.

Many of those condemning it have yet to see it for themselves.

Reports of scenes in which Scorsese’s Jesus fantasizes about having sex with Mary Magdalene are enough to upset people like veteran moral campaigner Mrs Mary Whitehouse, president of Britain’s National Viewers’ and Listeners’ Association, however.

Scorsese, a former altar boy who once entertained thoughts of entering the priesthood, denies that his film is an “intentional attack on Christianity”, the view of its morality in the Media.

It is, he says, his way of getting closer to God”.

Tsar Punishes Potemkin Rebels

1905 Eight of the mutineers from the Russian battleship Potemkin who recently returned to Russia after fleeing to Romania at the end of June have been sentenced to death.

The remainder have been imprisoned.

The mutiny, in which several officers were killed, was part of the nationwide campaign against the government of Tsar Nicholas II.

Heavy taxation, the Tsar’s refusal to introduce constitutional government and defeat in the Russo-Japanese War are the main issues fuelling the present wave of social unrest.

And Now, Live From Neptune

1989 To whoops of joy from scientists and journalists at Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, the spacecraft Voyager 2 beamed back to earth today pictures of Neptune.

The pictures were taken as Voyager came within 30 miles (48 km) of the planet, which is revealed as pink and blue with a transparent atmosphere and a surface of glacial ice, ridges and cliffs.

Especially stunning are the images of Triton, the largest of Neptune’s eight moons, which show signs of recent volcanic activity.

During its 4,430-million mile journey, Voyager has flown by Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus.

Once it passes Neptune, the craft will enter interstellar space, where it could go on travelling for billions of years.

Webb Cracks The Channel Challenge

Webb cracks the channel challenge on august 25
Webb cracks the channel challenge

1875 Englishman Matthew Webb made history today by becoming the first person to swim the English Channel.

The 27-year-old master mariner from Shropshire set off from Admiralty Pier, Dover, yesterday.

Swimming breaststroke, he covered the 21-mile (34 km) stretch to Calais in 21 hours 45 minutes, emerging on the French side tired but triumphant.

This ſeat would be sufficient to satisfy most people’s yen for a challenge – but not Captain Webh’s.

His plans as a professional swimmer will, it seems, become progressively more ambitious.

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