August 26 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 26.

August 26

Events on August 26

1664 Jansenist nuns in a convent at Port-Royal in France refuse to renounce their views.

1748 The first Lutheran synod was founded in the American colonies.

1789 The French Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

1850 Death of Louis Philippe, the “Citizen King” of France who abdicated rather than face a middle-class revolt.

1930 Death of Lon Chaney, American actor and “man of a thousand faces” whose films include Phantom of the Opera.

1952 The Soviets announce the first successful Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) tests have taken place.

1958 Death of English composer Ralph Vaughan Williams whose works include “Sea Symphony”.

1970 A national women’s strike causes chaos in New York.

1972 Death of Sir Francis Chichester, English yachtsman who was the first old-age pensioner to sail around the world singlehanded.

1987 A sex-crazed elephant “urgently in search of a mate” flattens a radio centre and kills two people in Bangkok.

1988 American swimmer Lynne Cox crosses the 11-mile (17.5 km) wide Lake Baikal in Siberia in 4 hours, 20 minutes – the first long swim in a cold water lake.

Famous Birthdays on August 26

Joseph Michel Montgolfier 1740, French inventor and pioneer of the hot air balloon with his brother Jacques Étienne Montgolfier.

Prince Albert 1819, Bavarian born consort to Queen Victoria, patron of the arts and organizer of the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Lee De Forest 1873, American radio and television pioneer and inventor of the Audion vacuum tube, which made broadcasting possible.

Malcolm Pyrah 1941, British showjumper.

Quotes from Legend

Anyone who wants to carry on the war against the outsiders, come with me. I can't offer you either honours or wages: I offer you hunger, thirst, forced marches, battles and death. Anyone who loves his country, follow me.

- Guiseppe Garibaldi - he was defeated by the Austrians at Morrazone today, 1848.

Historical News on August 26

Spandau Loses Last Inmate

1987 A crowd of around 200 people, most of them young, attempted to force their way into the cemetery at Wunsiedel where Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler’s one time deputy, was due to be buried in the family grave today.

Police successfully repulsed them with batons and dogs.

A total of 90 people were arrested, 23 of them neo-Nazis.

Hess, 93, who died on August 17 in Spandau Prison, Berlin after 46 years in captivity, is said to have been buried two days ago at an undisclosed location.

The body will be reburied at Wunsiedel at a later date when there is less danger of neo-Nazi groups turning his internment into a political demonstration.

The Hess family still disputes the Allies’ assertion that Hess committed suicide by hanging himself.

Spandau Prison will now be demolished.

Us Women Vote

US women vote on August 26
US women vote

1920 The US legislature today ratified the Nineteenth Amendment giving American women the right to vote.

The Amendment was bitterly opposed by some members of the Senate before eventually being submitted to the legislature in June last year.

That American women now have equality with their sisters in Britain, Germany and Russia is largely due to the efforts of the 2 million-strong National American Woman Suffrage Association which, in different guises, has been campaigning for votes for women since 1869.

1936 The first high-definition television programmes seen in Britain were transmitted today from the BBC studios at Alexandra Palace, London, to the Radio Show at Olympia (Radiolympia).

A regular service is due to open next November.

Six weeks ago in New York the RCA station W2XBS started transmitting experimental high-definition television programmes.

Mini Marvel Gets Big Cheer

1989 A very special car celebrated its 30th birthday today – the Mini. Few heads turned when the small wonder was first unveiled at the British Motor Corporation’s Longbridge factory in Birmingham.

Production was a modest 20,000 cars in the first year.

In 1970 the figure leapt to 381,000.

The Mini took off thanks largely to a series of major rally wins and its adoption by the rich and famous.

The little car was seen roaring to victory in the Monte Carlo rallies of 1964, 1965 and 1967 and nipping about Swinging London piloted by the likes of John Lennon, Peter Sellers, Twiggy and Marianne Faithfull.

Designer Sir Alec Issigonis, who died last year, would no doubt have joined the thousands of enthusiasts expected at Silverstone race circuit tomorrow to wish the 10-ft (3-m) marvel many happy returns.

French Setback at Crécy

1346 An English army under Edward III has won an overwhelming, and unexpected, victory at Crécy today.

This latest phase in hostilities between France and England – which the pessimists say looks set to last 100 years – opened when King Edward III, accompanied by his eldest son, Prince Edward, landed in Normandy last month.

Their army sacked Caen and threatened Rouen before being pursued northwards by a large French force, estimated at around 50,000.

Under Philip VI.

Battle was joined at Crécy-en-Ponthieu.

Although numerically outnumbered by a ratio of 2 to 1, the English proved to have superior weaponry.

Philip’s 6000 Genoese crossbowmen were simply no match for Edward’s 7000 well-trained longbowmen and the short-barrelled bombards aimed at the French ranks.

For his battle performance, King Edward’s 16-year-old son was awarded spurs and ostrich plumes and with them the mottoes Homout (Courage) and Ich dene (I serve).

A Final Step For Neil Armstong

A final step for Neil Armston on August 26
A final step for Neil Armston

2012 Neil Armstong, the first man to walk on the moon in 1969, has died aged 82 from complications following heart surgery.

Armstrong will forever be remembered for having spoken the immortal words, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind,” as he stepped on to the moon’s surface for the first time.

US President Barack Obama said Armstrong was “among the greatest of American heroes – not just of his time, but of all time”.

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