August 27 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 27.

August 27

Events on August 27

1576 Death of Venetian painter Titian (Tizano Vecelli).

1783 Jacques Alexandre César Charles makes the first hydrogen balloon ascent, helped by the Montgolfier brothers, Jacques Étienne and Joseph Michel.

1791 European monarchs backed French King Louis XVI against the revolution.

1813 Napoleon defeated the allied army at Dresden.

1859 The world’s first oil well was drilled by Edwin Drake at Titusville, Pennsylvania.

1910 Thomas Edison shows “talking pictures” for the first time at his New Jersey laboratory.

1919 Death of Louis Botha, first prime minister of South Africa.

1928 The Kellogg-Briand Pact. an international agreement to condemn all war as a means of settling disputes, is signed by representatives of 15 nations.

1951 US jets arrive in Britain to set up a US air base at Greenham Common.

1975 Death of Haile Selassie, deposed emperor of Ethiopia.

1976 Major-General Gertrude Ali Ram, the first woman General in the Indian Army, is appointed as the first Director of Military Nursing Services.

1987 Honeymooners’ amorous acts cause an American jetliner pilot to curtail their coast-to coast inland flight and land in Houston.

Famous Birthdays on August 27

Sam Goldwyn 1882, Polish-born co-founder of MGM, responsible for entertaining films like Ben Hur and Porgy and Bess reaching the screen.

 Lyndon Baines Johnson 1908, American President who took over after Kennedy’s assassination.

Mother Teresa of Calcutta 1910, Yugoslavian-born missionary dedicated to the poor and sick, particularly in India: she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Bernhard Langer 1957, German two-times Masters winning golfer.

Quotes from Legend

All right, then, I'll 1 it: Dante makes me sick.

- Lope Felix de Vega Carpio, playwright of the Spanish Golden Age, when told today that he was about to die, 1635.

Historical News on August 27

1939 German aircraft manufacturer Ernst Heinkel’s gamble to develop an aircraft propelled by a turbojet engine seems to be on the brink of paying off.

It needs to, as Heinkel has sunk his own money into the project in the absence of interest by the German Air Ministry.

Having completed a series of taxing trials, the He 178 aircraft powered by the revolutionary new engine, HeS 36, took off from the Marienehe airfield today.

The designer of the engine is Hans-Joachim Pabst von Ohain, who Heinkel had to be persuaded to employ three years ago as a postgraduate student.

Fab Four's Guiding Light

Fab four's guiding light on august 27
Fab four's guiding light

1967 Brian Epstein, the man who made the Beatles. died of a drug overdose today at his elegant home in London’s Belgravia.

He was 33.

Epstein “discovered” the Beatles in Liverpool’s Cavern Club in the autumn of 1961 and was determined to make them into stars.

He succeeded beyond his, and their wildest dreams.

Lately Epstein had been chronically depressed and afflicted by insomnia and his business enterprises were not as sound as they had been.

Despite two previous suicide attempts. friends are convinced he did not take his own life.

Krakatoa Blows Its Top

1883 The most catastrophic volcanic eruption witnessed by man reached its climax today on the Indonesian island of Rakata, In May the 6000 ft (1800 m) high Krakatoa volcano, which has its base 1000 ft (300 m) below sea level, began to show signs of rousing from its 200-year slumber.

Activity died down only to resume again in June and become more terrifying in its effects.

At 10 am this morning Krakatoa erupted with a fury that was heard in Australia, more than 2200 miles (3540 km away.

Debris has been tossed 50 miles (80 km) into the atmosphere.

Blotting out the sun and plunging the region into darkness.

Gigantic tidal waves up to 120 ft (36 m) high have devastated the coastal towns of Java and Sumatra, leaving an estimated 36,000 people dead.

Ira Murder Mountbatten

Ira murder Lord Louis Mountbatten on August 27
Ira murder Lord Louis Mountbatten

1979 Lord Louis Mountbatten was murdered today by an IRA bomb as he and members of his family enjoyed an outing on his 30-ft (9-m) fishing boat, Shadow V.

The bomb exploded five minutes after the party had left the picturesque harbour of Mullaghmore in the Irish Republic.

Killed with the 79-year old former admiral and viceroy of India were his grandson, Nicholas Knatchbull, 14, local boy Paul Maxwell, 17, and Lady Brabourne, the mother-in-law of Lord Louis’s daughter, Pamela.

Later in the morning the IRA murdered 18 British soldiers at Warrenpoint in Northern Ireland.

Coke War in Colombia

1989 The proposed clampdown by the Colombian government on the Medellin drug-trafficking cartel has received a blunt response from that organization.

“Total and bloody war” has been declared on the government of President Virgilio Barco, The cocaine-smugglers are particularly perturbed by the reinstatement of extradition to the United States, a process which bribery and threats of violence had forced the Colombian Supreme Court to abandon, Eduardo Martinez Romero, the cartel’s leading money launderer, has already been arrested as part of the damp-down.

The traffickers have repeatedly said that they would “prefer a grave in Colombia to a prison cell in the US” – not surprisingly, as the last drug baron to head reluctantly northwards, Carlos Lehder, received a life sentence on arrival.

The traffickers have offered to give up the trade in return for immunity from prosecution.

The Colombian government is fighting for its credibility.

This month alone the cartel was responsible for the murders of the front-runner in the presidential election, Senator Luis Galán Sarmiento, a police chief and a judge.

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