To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on August 30.
Events on August 30
Famous Birthdays on August 30
Quotes from Legendary
During the last few weeks I have felt that the Suez Canal was flowing through my drawing room.
- Clarissa Eden, wife of British Prime Minister Anthony Eden, as British and French troops sailed for Suez, 1956.
Historical News on August 30
All For Love
30 BCE The ruler of the eastern part of the Roman empire, Mark Antony, has committed suicide at the court of his Egyptian lover, Cleopatra.
He was 52.
Antony’s political demise was signalled last year with his defeat by Roman emperor Caesar Augustus, the ruler of the western part of the empire, at the battle of Actium.
The beautiful Queen Cleopatra was the cause of the break-up of the triumvirate Antony had formed with Augustus and Lepidus (the ruler of Africa) 10 years ago.
Antony’s loyalty to Rome was called into question after he made gifts of land to the Egyptian queen.
Cleopatra is understood to be attempting face-to-face negotiations with the resolute Augustus.
If she fails to mollify him, as seems likely, she will doubtless share a similar fate to Mark Antony.
Ayatollah's Regime Shaken By Bomb
1981 A wave of anti-government violence has culminated in the murder in Tehran today of the president of Iran, Muhammad Ali Rajai, and his Prime Minister, Muhammad Javad Bahonar.
The two were victims of a bomb planted in the premier’s office.
Three other men were also killed in the blast.
The government of Ayatollah Khomeini has been subjected to a series of violent attacks since the dismissal of President Bani Sadr two months ago.
The President’s dismissal was widely seen as a victory for religious forces over secular political forces in Iran.
The speaker of the Iranian Parliament, Hojatoleslam Rafsanjani (below), said today that it was up to the Iranian people to ensure that the revolution continued on its course.
Unions Score Victory Strike
1980 A little over two weeks after seizing control of the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Polish workers have succeeded in wringing significant concessions from their masters.
Among the terms agreed by the Polish deputy prime minister, Mieczysław Jagielski, are the right to strike and the establishment of trade unions independent of the Communist Party.
The government’s initial refusal to negotiate gradually eroded as more Poles downed tools in support of the initiative taken by the Gdansk workers under Lech Walesa.
He instigated a central committee to coordinate the country-wide strikes and draw up a list of demands.
It remains to be seen whether the Polish government will honour the agreement.
1963 A direct telephone line between the White House and the Kremlin became operational today.
The agreement to have a “hot line” linking the US President with his opposite number in Moscow was struck in April.
This may turn out to be a lifeline, preventing the delays in diplomatic communication which can lead to dangerous misunderstandings between the two superpowers – as occurred last year during the Cuban missiles crisis.
No One Wants Toxic Waste
1988 A West German freighter, Karin B carying 2,000 tonnes of Italian hazardous waste is anchored 18 miles (29 km) south-west of the British port of Plymouth awaiting news of its next destination.
The ship has been denied entry to ports in Spain, West Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and now Britain.
The toxic cargo was first shipped from Italy to Nigeria where it was illegally dumped before being packed off.
Britain’s rapidly growing toxic waste industry would have obliged had it not been for the public outcry against it.
Environmental groups say that the Karin B affair highlights the urgent need for an internationally agreed code of conduct for toxic waste shipments.