July 01 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on July 01.

July 01

Events on July 01

1847 The first adhesive stamps go on sale in the USA.

1860 Death of American inventor Charles Goodyear, pioneer of rubber processing.

1896 Death of Harriet Beecher Stowe, the American author of the anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

1916 Coca-Cola launches its distinctively shaped bottle.

1916 The Battle of the Somme begins with heavy casualties.

1929 The cartoon character Popeye first appears in the USA.

1937 The 999 emergency telephone call comes into force in Britain, the first of its kind in the world.

1941 The first-ever television commercial is shown on channel WNBT in New York, advertising a Bulova clock.

1984 Naples football club pays £1 million ($1.85 million) for Argentinian footballer Diego Maradona.

1990 The Deutschmark became the official currency of both East and West Germany.

Famous Birthdays on July 01

George Sand 1804, French novelist best remembered for her romance with composer Frederic Chopin.

Charles Laughton 1899, English actor whose most famous performances were in Mutiny on the Bounty and The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

Olivia de Havilland 1916, American actress who won Oscars for The Heiress and To Each His Own.

Hariprasad Chaurasia 1938, an Indian classical instrumentalist who played the bansuri or the Indian bamboo flute.

Carl Lewis 1961, an American athlete who won four gold medals in the Los Angeles Olympic Games in 1984.

Kalpana Chawla 1961, the first American woman astronaut of Indian origin.

Quotes from Legend

Peace is indivisible

- Maxim Litvinov, Russian statesman, in a speech to the League of Nations, 1936.

Historical News on July 01

China Leases New Territories to Britain

1898 Britain today acquired a 99-year lease to the New Territories on mainland China in a continuing drive for trade dominance in the region.

Currently, in possession of Hong Kong island and the Kowloon Peninsula as a consequence of the two Opium Wars, this latest acquisition will further enhance Britain’s standing as a major trading partner in the region.

The wars forced open Chinese ports to British trade, particularly trade in opium from British India, which is used to pay for porcelain, silks, and teas purchased from China.

After the First Opium War (1840-42), Britain acquired Hong Kong under the Treaty of Nanking and at the end of the second Opium War in 1860, acquired the Kowloon Peninsula under the Peking Convention.

The new territories, however, must be returned to the Chinese government in 99 years’ time.

Darwin Presents Theory of Evolution

Darwin presents theory of evolution on July 01
Darwin presents theory of evolution

1858 Amidst controversy, eminent British scientist Charles Darwin presented his views on evolution and the principles of natural selection to the Linnean Society in London.

Churchmen are concerned that Darwin’s theory refutes the Book of Genesis, scientists are skeptical because his ideas seem to dismiss the work of Lamarck.

Darwin has based much of his work on observations made while serving as a naturalist on HMS Beagle between 1831 and 1836.

During this time his observations convinced him that species evolved gradually and that natural selection is responsible for changing the genetic constitution of a species in favor of particular genes carried by successful individuals.

Almost pipped to the post by naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace, who holds similar views on evolution, Darwin has presented his findings in the nick of time.

He will publish a book next year.

War Ends in Algeria

war ends in algeria on July 01
war ends in algeria

1962 After eight years of war between the Algerian nationalist population and the French army and settlers and 132 years of French rule, Algeria looks set to gain independence.

A referendum held in Algeria today has almost unanimously backed de Gaulle’s independence plan.

A ceasefire called in March prompted by the intensification of terrorist activity in the country during the early months of this year has allowed discussions between the French government to take place.

In spite of the talks, acts of terrorism continued and a mass exodus of Europeans began as the prospect of a Muslim state became more likely.

France is likely to hand over the reins of power to the leader of the FLN provisional government, Ben Khedda.

Charles Invested as Prince of Wales

1969 Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, was today invested as Prince of Wales by his mother Queen Elizabeth II at Caernarvon Castle, Wales.

In preparation for his investiture, Charles spent a term at University College of Wales learning Welsh.

The title is usually granted by the reigning sovereign to the heir apparent, but not automatically.

Charles became Prince of Wales when he was ten years old only now it is official.

Once he becomes king the title will cease, until he bestows it on his son.

2004 Legendary movie actor Marlon Brando died, aged 80, from lung failure in Los Angeles.

He won two Oscars and starred in over 40 films, including Apocalypse Now, On the Waterfront, and 1972 classic The Godfather, in which he played mafia leader Don Corleone.

Brando became increasingly reclusive in later life, saying “I’ve had so much misery in my life, being famous and wealthy”.

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