To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on July 01.
Events on July 01
Famous Birthdays on July 01
Quotes from Legend
Peace is indivisible
- Maxim Litvinov, Russian statesman, in a speech to the League of Nations, 1936.
Historical News on July 01
China Leases New Territories to Britain
1898 Britain today acquired a 99-year lease to the New Territories on mainland China in a continuing drive for trade dominance in the region.
Currently, in possession of Hong Kong island and the Kowloon Peninsula as a consequence of the two Opium Wars, this latest acquisition will further enhance Britain’s standing as a major trading partner in the region.
The wars forced open Chinese ports to British trade, particularly trade in opium from British India, which is used to pay for porcelain, silks, and teas purchased from China.
After the First Opium War (1840-42), Britain acquired Hong Kong under the Treaty of Nanking and at the end of the second Opium War in 1860, acquired the Kowloon Peninsula under the Peking Convention.
The new territories, however, must be returned to the Chinese government in 99 years’ time.
Darwin Presents Theory of Evolution
1858 Amidst controversy, eminent British scientist Charles Darwin presented his views on evolution and the principles of natural selection to the Linnean Society in London.
Churchmen are concerned that Darwin’s theory refutes the Book of Genesis, scientists are skeptical because his ideas seem to dismiss the work of Lamarck.
Darwin has based much of his work on observations made while serving as a naturalist on HMS Beagle between 1831 and 1836.
During this time his observations convinced him that species evolved gradually and that natural selection is responsible for changing the genetic constitution of a species in favor of particular genes carried by successful individuals.
Almost pipped to the post by naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace, who holds similar views on evolution, Darwin has presented his findings in the nick of time.
He will publish a book next year.
War Ends in Algeria
1962 After eight years of war between the Algerian nationalist population and the French army and settlers and 132 years of French rule, Algeria looks set to gain independence.
A referendum held in Algeria today has almost unanimously backed de Gaulle’s independence plan.
A ceasefire called in March prompted by the intensification of terrorist activity in the country during the early months of this year has allowed discussions between the French government to take place.
In spite of the talks, acts of terrorism continued and a mass exodus of Europeans began as the prospect of a Muslim state became more likely.
France is likely to hand over the reins of power to the leader of the FLN provisional government, Ben Khedda.
Charles Invested as Prince of Wales
1969 Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, was today invested as Prince of Wales by his mother Queen Elizabeth II at Caernarvon Castle, Wales.
In preparation for his investiture, Charles spent a term at University College of Wales learning Welsh.
The title is usually granted by the reigning sovereign to the heir apparent, but not automatically.
Charles became Prince of Wales when he was ten years old only now it is official.
Once he becomes king the title will cease, until he bestows it on his son.
2004 Legendary movie actor Marlon Brando died, aged 80, from lung failure in Los Angeles.
He won two Oscars and starred in over 40 films, including Apocalypse Now, On the Waterfront, and 1972 classic The Godfather, in which he played mafia leader Don Corleone.
Brando became increasingly reclusive in later life, saying “I’ve had so much misery in my life, being famous and wealthy”.