July 03 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on July 03.

July 03

Events on July 03

323 CE Constantine I, Roman emperor in the West, defeats Licinius, the Eastern emperor, near Adrianople.

1898 Captain Joshua Slocum sails into Newport, Rhode Island in his boat Spray, becoming the first solo round the world sailor.

1905 In Odessa, Russian troops kill over 6,000 to restore order during a strike.

1928 The first commercial television set goes on sale in the US at $75 (£40).

1940 Over 1,000 French sailors died when the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, is destroyed at the order of Winston Churchill to prevent it from falling into French hands.

1954 All goods finally come off ration in the UK as post-war shortages are ended.

1962 French property in Algeria is taken over as the country gains its independence.

1969 Rolling Stone Brain Jones is found drowned in a swimming pool.

1971 Jim Morrison, lead singer with the Doors, dies of a heart attack in Paris.

1988 The USS Vincennes, based in the Gulf during the Iran-Iraq war, shoots down an Iranian airliner with 286 people on board, mistaking it for a bomber.

Famous Birthdays on July 03

Adoor Gopalakrishnan 1941, Indian film director, scriptwriter, and producer, revolutionized Malayalam cinema.

Franz Kafka 1883, Czech poet and playwright best known for the stories Metamorphosis and In the Penal Settlement and the novels The Trial and The Castle.

Ken Russell 1927, a British film director with an idiosyncratic and controversial style.

Tom Stoppard 1937, Czech-born playwright known for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead.

Tom Cruise 1962, an American actor who starred in Top Gun, Magnolia, and Mission Impossible.

Quotes from Legend

I am sick and tired of war. Its glory is all moonshine. War is hell.

- General William Sherman, in his address to the Michigan Military Academy, 1879.

Historical News on July 03

Champlain Founds City of Quebec

1608 French explorer Samuel de Champlain today founded and named the city of Quebec, which lies on the St Lawrence River in Canada.

In fact, the city is an Iroquois village called Stadacona.

Champlain has made two previous expeditions to Canada, a preliminary expedition of the coasts from 1604 to 1607.

Champlain enjoys friendly and trusting relationships with the Algonquins and Hurons and is not afraid to commit himself to long expeditions with his Indian guides.

As a result, he has been able to obtain information regarding the existence of three Great Lakes, a very large bay to the north as yet unexplored, and another “South Sea” which is the Spanish name given to the Pacific Ocean.

His understanding of the general shape of eastern North America is extraordinary.

Swede Becomes Youngest Wimbledon Champion

Swede becomes youngest Wimbledon champion on July 02
Swede becomes youngest Wimbledon champion

1976 Twenty-year-old Swedish tennis player Bjorn Borg became the youngest ever men’s singles winner at Wimbledon today defeating Ilie Nastase of Romania 6-4. 6-2, 9-7.

A talented all-around sportsman, Borg showed early promise at tennis and at 11 won his first tournament.

He has been in Sweden’s Davis Cup team since he was 15.

His superb athleticism and sportsmanlike temperament helped him win the Wimbledon Junior championship at 16 and the French championship at 18.

Borg looks set to carry on for many seasons to come and will doubtless be much sought after for exhibition matches and advertisers.

Hero of Chernobyl Dies

1990 Anatolli Grishchenko, the Russian at the heart of Chernobyl to save the world from an even worse catastrophe, died of leukemia in an American hospital today.

Grishchenko flew a helicopter over the damaged reactor and dropped loads of sand and concrete needed to seal the plant and prevent a meltdown.

The disaster occurred in April 1986 when the fire broke out at the reactor causing the worst ever nuclear accident to date.

There was widespread concern in Europe about the contamination of livestock and the long-term effects of widespread radiation (linked with cancer) on humans.

Butcher of Lyons Gets Life

1987 Klaus Barbie, the Nazi SS commander in Lyons during World War Two, was convicted today, amidst cheering and clapping in court, of crimes against humanity.

The 73-years-old listened to the verdict from his bullet-proof dock in silence.

He had been living in Bolivia since 1951, enjoying the protection of various military regimes until he was turned over to the French authorities in 1983.

Barbie was responsible for the Netherlands in 1940.

In 1942 he transferred to France as SS commander in Lyons where he tracked down resistance workers and Jews, including rounding up Jewish children from an orphanage at Izieu.

He was also notorious for torturing resistance leader Jean Moulin, earning himself the name of “Butcher of Lyons”.

He escaped capture at the end of the war and was employed by US intelligence in Germany until moving to Bolivia in 1951.

Confederates Routed at Gettysburg

confederates routed at gettysburg on July 02
confederates routed at gettysburg

1863 With more than 51,000 dead and wounded, the Battle of Gettysburg is over and the Confederate Army has been routed.

Superior numbers and strong defensive positions helped General George Meade’s Union Army to defeat General Robert E. Leo just outside the market town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

It is estimated that General Lee has lost more than a third of his force of 70,000 men during the three days of conflict which began on July 1.

This may prove to be a turning point in the grim and bloody struggle between the North and South.

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