July 05 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on July 05.

July 05

Events on July 05

1791 George Hammond is appointed the first British ambassador to the USA.

1811 Venezuela’s revolutionary congress declares its independence from Spain.

1817 The first gold sovereigns were issued in Britain.

1830 The French capture Algiers and seize its ruler’s fabulous jewelry collection.

1865 A 2 mph (3kph) speed limit was imposed in Britain, covering steam-driven and petrol vehicles.

1902 Edward VI foots the bill for 4,50,000 impoverished Britons to celebrate his coronation with a free dinner.

1919 French tennis player Suzanne Lenglen wins the Wimbledon women’s singles title for the first time.

1975 Arthur Ashe beats Jimmy Connors to become the first black men’s singles champion at Wimbledon.

1975 The Cape Verde Islands gain their independence from Portugal.

1977 Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is ousted by a coup led by General Zia ul-Haq.

1989 Colonel Oliver North is fined $1,50,000 (£95,000) and given a suspended prison sentence for the role he played in the Iran-Contra affair.

Famous Birthdays on July 05

Sarah Siddons 1755, English actress, the leading lady of her time.

Phineas Barnum 1810, American showman.

Cecil Rhodes 1853, English-born colonialist, financier, and statesman in Southern Africa.

Dwight Davis 1879, an American tennis player who founded the Davis Cup.

Jean Cocteau 1889, French poet and artist, best-known for Orphee and Les Enfants terribles.

Georges Pompidou 1911, French statesman and President from 1969 until his death in 1974.

Quotes from Legend

I weep for Adonais - he is dead! O, weep for Adonais! Though our tears Thaw not the frost which binds so dear a head!

- A section from the poem Adonais by Shelley, quoted by Rolling Stone Mick Jagger on the Death of the guitarist Brian Jones, 1969.

Historical News on July 05

Diva Says Farewell to Covent Garden

Diva says farewell to covent garden on July 05
Diva says farewell to covent garden

1965 In a stunning final performance, soprano Maria Callas tonight bade farewell to the operatic stage and her numerous fans at Covent Garden, some of whom had queued for 48 hours for tickets.

In a voice noted for its fine range and gift of expression, Callas sang Tosca before a packed house.

She has sung all of the most exacting soprano roles, excelling particularly in the bel canto style of the pre-Verdian Italian opera.

She first came to international attention after a performance of La Gioconda at Verona in 1947 and since then has become an international star.

Born in New York of Greek parents, Callas studied at Athens Conservatory and continues to spend time in Greece.

Temperance Turnout Boosted by Rail Excursion

1841 The temperance movement got a boost today as Thomas Cook, entrepreneur, and ardent temperance supporter, organized the first special rail excursion to transport the faithful to meetings.

Today’s excursion from Leicester to Loughborough and back again was pronounced a great success by Mr. Cook.

“All went off in the best style and in perfect safety, we returned to Leicester,” he said.

When asked how he had come to organize such a venture he said, “I thought as I was walking one day, what a glorious thing it would be if the newly developed powers of railways and locomotion could be made subservient to the promotion of temperance.”

Thomas Cook has plans for more excursions using the railways.

Ordination of Women Moves a Step Closer

1988 Amidst fears of a split, the Church of England voted today to move towards the ordination of women priests.

The Archbishop of Canterbury, Robert Runcie, voted against the motion which passed with a majority of less than 60 percent.

It is understood that he is unhappy about the present proposition not because he is opposed to female ordination but because it allows bishops, priests, and parishes the right to refuse women priests, which may provoke a split in the Church.

This process towards the ordination of women priests will be taken a step further in 1992 when the Synod will vote on the matter.

Stones Give Free Concert in Hyde Park

stones give free concert in Hyde Park on July 05
stones give free concert in Hyde Park

1969 Two days after the death of guitarist Brian Jones, the Rolling Stones gave a free concert in Hyde Park attended by a record 2,50,000 people.

Policed by the London branch of Hell’s Angels and recorded for television, the concert was a great success.

During the evening Mick Jagger paid tribute to Jones by reciting Shelley while clouds of white butterflies were released over the stage.

Jones’s death has been attributed to alcohol and drug abuse.

Raffles Dies

1826 Colourful English colonial administrator Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, best known for founding Singapore, died in London today after a brief illness.

He was born in Jamaica but spent much of his career in the Far East.

In 1811 he accompanied Lord Minto on an expedition against Java, taking it from the Dutch.

While serving as Lieutenant Governor of Java, Raffles completely reformed the internal administration of that country, he wrote The History of Java in 1817 during enforced leave in England (due to illness).

While in England he was knighted. Upon his return to the Far East as Lieutenant Governor of Benkoelen he formed Singapore and remained there until ill health again forced his return to England two years ago.

On his way to England, his ship caught fire, and he lost much of his East Indian vocabulary.

Undaunted by this loss and his illness, he established London Zoo and was its first president.

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