July 08 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on July 08.

July 08

Events on July 08

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon to attempt to find a sea passage to India.

1905 American tennis player May Button becomes the first foreigner to take a Wimbledon title.

1933 Death of British novelist Anthony Hope, author of The Prisoner of Zenda.

1939 Death of Henry Havelock Ellis, British psychologist and essayist best-known for his studies of human sexual behavior.

1954 The Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, inaugurates India’s longest dam canal the Bhakra Nangal in Punjab.

1967 British actress Vivien Leigh, star of Gone With the Wind, dies of tuberculosis aged only 53.

1979 Death of Michael Wilding, British stage and screen actor and sometime husband of Elizabeth Taylor.

1990 One billion television viewers watch West Germany defeat Argentina to win the World Cup.

Famous Birthdays on July 08

Joseph Chamberlain 1836, an English politician who advocated free education and the creation of smallholdings.

Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1838, the German aircraft manufacturer.

John D. Rockefeller 1839, American multimillionaire and founder of the Standard Oil Company.

Sir Arthur John Evans 1851, an English archaeologist who excavated Knossos in Crete.

Sourav Ganguly 1972, Indian cricketer and former captain scored 318 runs in a partnership with Rahul Dravid, the highest overall partnership score in Cricket World Cup tournament history.

Quotes from Legend

The King bathes, and with great success, a machine follows the Royal one into the sea, filled with fiddlers who play “God Save the King” as his majesty takes his plunge.

- Fanny Burney, British novelist, referring to George III at Weymouth - a diary entry, 1789.

Quotes from Legend

How wonderful is Death, Death and his brother Sleep!

- P.B. Shelley in The Daemon of the World.

Historical News on July 08

Shelley Drowned

Percy Bysshe Shelley drowned on July 08
Percy Bysshe Shelley drowned

1822 Leading figure in the Romantic movement Perey Bysshe Shelley drowned today in the Bay of Spezia when his small boat foundered in a storm.

He had just visited the poets Byron and Leigh Hunt at Leghorn and was returning home.

A somewhat controversial figure, Shelley nevertheless has contributed enormously to English literary and intellectual life, leaving behind an impressive legacy of poetry, essays, pamphlets, and letters.

After the breakup of his marriage to Harriet Westbrook and her suicide, he left England for Italy with Mary Godwin with whom he had formed a liaison.

He subsequently married her in spite of the disapproval of marriage, royalty, meat-eating, and religion.

A great rebel and anarchist, his life and work reflect his intellectual courage, his keen sense of injustice, and sharp sense of humor.

Born in 1792 in Horsham, he was educated at Eton and University College, Oxford where he was expelled after only one year for writing a pamphlet titled The Necessity of Atheism.

Japan Open to Trade After 250 Years of Isolation

1978 Two German mountaineers, Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler, today successfully scaled Mount Everest, without the use of oxygen, which has been crucial to the success of all previous expeditions to conquer the world’s tallest mountain.

Officially 29,028 ft (9416 m) high, Everest runs through Nepal between India and Tibet.

Its name in Tibetan means ”Goddess Mother of the World”.

It was first conquered in 1953.

Secret Talks Raise Hopes of Mandela Release

1989 News of a secret meeting three days ago between imprisoned ANC leader Nelson Mandela and outgoing President P.W. Botha has caused a stir of speculation in South Africa.

The meeting at Cape Town’s presidential offices, De Tuynhuys, was conducted without any press coverage and lasted a mere 45 minutes.

Growing calls for the release of Mandela, who has been in jail for more than 26 years, and international pressure for the ending of apartheid has put the heat on the South African government.

Liberals have taken today’s news as a sign that the authorities may finally be prepared to come to the negotiating table, and that they accept Mandela as the man they will have to face.

Others, however, are less pleased Winnie Mandela suspects Botha’s motives, and right-wingers see any discussion with black leaders as a betrayal of the white minority.

Sullivan Wins Last Bare Knuckle Fight

1889 After a punishing 75 rounds, John L. Sullivan has won the world heavyweight title against Jake Kilrain.

Staged at Richburg, Mississippi, the bout, which is now the last bare-knuckle defense of the world heavyweight crown under London Prize Ring rules, ended in a knockout for the 31-year-old Bostonian in the 75th round.

In future title fights, combatants will have to wear large padded gloves.

Professional boxing will now follow the Marquis of Queensberry rules, which amateur boxing has used for some years.

Sullivan’s great strength has been the hallmark of his success which began five years ago when he took the world heavyweight title from paddy Ryan.

His prowess has earned him a substantial amount of money although it is rumored that heavy drinking outside the ring has used up much of it.

Ziegfeld Glorifies The American Girl

Ziegfeld glorifies the American girl on July 08
Ziegfeld glorifies the American girl

1907 With the flashing of legs and the twitching of ostrich plumes, the Follies hit Broadway today.

The theatre manager and producer Florenz Ziegfeld have brought an All-American version of the Folies Bergere of Paris to the New York stage, using that magic combination of beautiful girls, semi-nudity, great pageantry, and comedy to ensure success, his theme – “Glorifying the American girl”.

Although less risque than the original, Ziegfeld’s Follies are bound to cause a stir.

Ziegfeld is no stranger to the art of dramatic promotion and has in the past managed Sandow the famous strong man, as well as French actress Anna Held.

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