July 10 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on July 10.

July 10

Events on July 10

138 CE Death of Hadrian, Roman emperor who sponsored the building of a wall across northern Britain to keep the Scots out of England.

1778 King Louis XVI of France declares war on England in support of the American rebels.

1851 Death of Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre, French pioneer of the photographic process.

1890 Wyoming became the 44th state of the Union.

1900 The Paris Metro opens.

1941 Jelly Roll Morton, American ragtime piano player and composer, dies in Los Angeles.

1964 The Bahamas gained their independence from Britain.

1984 The Nigerian junta tries to smuggle kidnapped foreign minister Umaru Dikko out of London in a diplomatic bag.

1978 Death of Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter who was the originator of Metaphysical painting.

1992 Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in jail on drug charges.

1995 Burmese Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Kyi is released.

2000 A giant landslide in Manila kills 200 people.

Famous Birthdays on July 10

Camille Pissarro 1830, French painter who was a central figure of the Impressionist group, the only one of them to exhibit at all eight Impressionist exhibitions.

James McNeill Whistler 1834, American painter and graphic artist who spent most of his working life in England.

Marcel Proust 1871, French novelist whose masterpiece is the seven-volume Remembrance of Things Past.

Carl Orff 1895, German composer, teacher and conductor best-known for the oratorio Carmina Burana, based on 12th-century German and Latin psalms found in a monastery in Bavaria.

Arlo Guthrie 1947, American singer whose biggest hit was the album Alice’s Restaurant.

Historical News on July 10

Benjamin Franklin Calls For Unification

Benjamin Franklin Calls for Unification on July 10
Benjamin Franklin Calls for Unification

1754 The representative for Pennsylvania, Benjamin Franklin, today presented the Albany Congress with a proposal for union between the British colonies.

He and William Hutchinson have drafted a plan which would give this hypothetical union the power to build forts, raise armies, equip fleets, levy taxes, declare war, make peace and negotiate treaties with other nations.

The so-called Albany Plan has not been ratified and it is unlikely that it will be for some time, because no consensus can be found.

This situation, however, leaves the colonies divided in the face of a unified French presence in North America; some sort of union would allow for coordination of defence.

Poison Cloud Covers Seveso

1976 Leaked chemicals from a factory have created a cloud of poison over the northern Italian town of Meda near Seveso, causing panic among the residents.

There is criticism that efforts to inform and evacuate have not already been made.

A faulty pressure valve sprayed more than two tons of the toxic weed killer TCDD, containing the cancer-causing agent dioxin, into the atmosphere.

The dioxin has produced burning rashes, headaches, diarrhoea and vomiting in more than 250 people so far.

Birds and animals have died and plant life and water supplies have also been contaminated.

1989 Sectarian feelings may be running a bit high in Glasgow tonight after Rangers Football Club announced that it had paid £1.5 million ($2.8 million) for a Catholic player.

The signing of Scottish striker Maurice John ston breaks Rangers 100-year-old tradition of fielding only Protestant players.

Johnston, currently with the French club Nantes, had been expected to return to Celtic FC.

British tabloid newspaper News of the World published its last edition after 168 years in the wake of a phone hacking scandal, with a front cover that read “thank you and goodbye”.

A public backlash and withdrawal of advertising forced the closure of the newspaper.

El Cid Dies of Grief

1099 The famed Spanish warrior Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar, or Ei Cid as he was more commonly known, has died today in Valencia, apparently of grief at the defeat of his forces against the Moors.

His great achievement has been the capture of the Muslim city of Valencia, after a siege of nine months, which he has ruled absolutely for the past five years.

It seems certain that with his death and the defeat of his forces, his wife Ximena will be unable to withstand the onslaught of the Moors and Valencia will be abandoned, once again becoming a Muslim city.

Born at Burgos around 1043 of a noble Castilian family, Ei Cid rose to fame for his successes in the war between Sancho of Castile and Sancho of Navarre.

Ei Cid became a combination of condottiere and compatriot at the tender age of 22 and has been fighting constantly since that time, sometimes for the Christians and sometimes for the Moors.

He has served many rulers but none more faithfully than Alfonso VI of Castile, in spite of being exiled by the jealous king.

Rainbow Warrior Blown up in New Zealand

Rainbow warrior blown up in New Zealand on July 10
Rainbow warrior blown up in New Zealand

1985 The Greenpeace protest ship Rainbow Warrior sank today in Auckland harbour after two explosions tore the hull apart below the waterline.

A Portuguese photographer was killed in the blast, but nine other people on board escaped uninjured.

There are suspicions that French secret agents are behind the explosion – Rainbow Warrior was preparing to lead a flotilla of seven peace vessels into the French nuclear testing site of Mururoa Atoll in the Pacific to coincide with Bastille Day.

The international implications of French Secret Service involvement in the Rainbow Warrior sabotage plan would be serious.

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