July 11 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 11.

July 11

Events on July 11

1742 A Papal Bull condemns Jesuit tolerance of Confucianism in China.

1789 The Marquis de Lafayette, presents the Declaration of the Rights of Man to the National Assembly.

1935 Death of Alfred Dreyfus, the French soldier whose conviction for treason aroused accusations of anti-Semitism and caused a national scandal.

1937 Death of George Gershiwn, the American composer and pianist best known for Rhapsody in Blue, and Porgy and Bess.

1941 Sir Arthur Evans, the British archaeologist who excavated knossos in Crete, dies just three days after his 90th birthday.

1977 The British magazine Gay News is fined £1,000 ($1,850) for blasphemy for publishing a poem suggesting that Jesus was homosexual.

1979 US Skylab burns up on re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere after six years in space.

2006 Seven coordinated bombs explode on seven commuter trains in Mumbai, India.

Famous Birthdays on July 11

Robert I 1274, Scottish monarch known as Robert the Bruce who seized the Scottish throne in 1306 and forced English recognition of Scottish independence in 1328.

Thomas Bowdler 1754, British doctor and editor whose expurgated Family Shakespeare and History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire gave the word “bowdlerize” to the English language.

Yul Brynner 1915, American film star who grew up as a Russian refugee in Harbin, north-east China, and later became one of Hollywood’s most magnetic stars.

Gough Whitlam 1916, Australian statesman and Labour prime minister 1972-75.

Leon Spinks 1953, American boxer who took the world heavyweight title from Muhammad Ali in February 1978.

Quotes from Legend

Acting is a masochistic form of exhibitionism. It is not quite the occupation of an adult.

- Laurence Olivier, the British actor, who died today, 1989.

Historical News on July 11

Olivier Dies

Laurence Olivier Dies on July 11
Laurence Olivier Dies

1989 Tonight London’s theatres dim their lights in honor of Sir Laurence Olivier who died early this morning at his Sussex home aged 82.

Widely hailed as the greatest actor of his era, some of Olivie’s Shakespearean roles are still considered the definitive interpretation.

He was co-director of the Old Vic and director of the National Theatre company from 1962 to 1973, produced, directed, and played in the films Henry V, Hamlet, and Richard II.

By way of contrast, he shone as a broken-down coming in The Entertainer.

Olivier was married three times, to English actresses Jill Esmond, the ravishing Vivien Leigh, and to Joan Plowright with whom he made many films in later years.

He was knighted in 1947, was the first actor to become a peer in 1970, and was awarded the Order of Merit in 1981.

Chinese Unearth a Terracotta Army

Chinese unearth a Terracotta Army on July 11
Chinese unearth a Terracotta Army

1975 Archaeologists in China today unearthed a vast army of 8,000 terracotta figures, sculpted and fired in the shapes of warriors, chariots, and horses all drawn up in battle information.

Found near the ancient Chinese capital of Xi’an, they were created more than 2,000 years ago for Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor to unite China.

He created the first totalitarian society and ruled it with efficiency and utter ruthlessness.

He unified the Great Wall by building connecting walls in the gaps of existing walls, the construction of which cost the lives of more than 1,00,000 people.

The figures are a mile (1.6 km) from the emperor’s tomb and look as if they are guarding it.

They range in height from 5 ft 8 inches (173 cm) to 6 ft 5 inches (195 cm) and are highly individual in their appearance.

The horses, chariots, and weapons which were found reveal the enormous skill of the artisans who created this spectacular memorial.

Their reward was to be walled up inside the emperor’s tomb so that the secret of the army would die with them.

William of Orange Defeats James II

1690 Deposed Roman Catholic King of England James II met defeat today at the hands of the current king, William III or William of Orange, on the banks of the River Boyne in Ireland.

James had recently raised a French/Irish army from his exile in France and landed in Britain intending to retake the crown.

James was deposed in June 1688 shortly after the birth of his son when parliament became concerned about the possibility of a Catholic succession to the throne.

1960 One of the side benefits to today’s Telstar communications satellite launch will be transatlantic television for Britain.

The US Telstar, which forms part of the INTELSAT system that spans the globe, uses radio receivers, amplifiers, and transmitters along with the electronic technique of multiplexing to relay many telephone and television signals simultaneously.

Britain will now be able to receive American game shows.

Captain Cook Sets Sail to Find The Northwest Passage

1776 Explorer Captain James Cook set sail today from Plymouth harbor on his third important voyage of discovery, in search of a passage around the northern coast of American from the Pacific side.

He is expected to retrace some of his earlier routes through New Zealand and the Pacific Islands.

Cook joined the Royal Navy in 1755 and began his first major voyage of exploration in 1768, while in command of Endeavour.

His success led to a promotion as commander of Resolution and Adventure he set off in 1772 to determine how far northwards the lands of Antarctica stretched.

Cook has proved an able commander, his last expedition only suffered one death throughout the whole three years.

He returned last year having sailed 60,000 miles (96,000 km) in three years.

This present expedition is expected to be equally long.

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