To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 12.
Events on July 12
Famous Birthdays on July 12
Quotes from Legend
I have a Catholic soul, but a Lutheran stomach.
- Erasmus, on why he failed to fast during Lent - he died today, 1536.
Historical News on July 12
Great Scholar And Humanist Dies
1536 Desiderius Erasmus, the great classicist of the Renaissance, has died.
He will be missed for his cultivated common sense and his ability to criticize kings and churchmen.
His greatest work, Colloquia, opened new ground by exposing the abuses new ground by exposing the abuses of the Church, paving the way for the likes of Martin Luther.
Erasmus also published the first Greek text of the New Testament and a new Latin translation with the hope of reconciling faith and reason, bringing Christianity and the culture of the Ancients closer together.
An advocate of charity and moderation in all things, Erasmus was deeply critical of corruption in the church and fell out with Luther over methods of teaching, gentle reason and tolerance were his preferred tools.
Erasmus spent much of his later life in Cambridge and in Basel.
Though always surrounded by controversy, he became widely known and respected and advanced the revival of learning.
First British Pilot is Killed in Crash
1910 British aviation claimed its first victim today when Charles Stewart Rolls, 33, crashed his French-built Wright biplane at a flying competition in Bournemouth.
According to one spectator, the rudders of the biplane seemed to break during a tilt, causing the machine to crash nose-first to the ground.
Rolls was still in his seat after the crash, but all attempts to revive him failed.
An accomplished aviator, Rolls was the first person to fly non-stop both ways across the Channel.
He was also a partner in the Rolls Royce car manufacturing company and won the 1,000-mile (1,600 km) motor-racing trial in 1900.
1920 The Panama Canal, the world’s largest engineering project, was opened officially today by President Woodrow Wilson.
Construction began in 1881 but halted with the financial collapse of the French contractor de Lesseps.
President Roosevelt took up the project, and construction was resumed in 1904.
The first vessel sailed through on August 15, 1914.
Bradman’s Score Breaks All Records
1930 Australia’s Don Bradman broke all Test cricket records today with a score of 334 runs against England at Leeds, breaking R.E. Foster’s record in Sydney 27 years ago.
He also set a record for the number of runs scored in a single day of play; 309 of his 334 runs were hit today.
Sunday Times in Court Over Spycatcher
1987 The Sunday Times newspaper found itself in the dock today over the controversial book Spycatcher, written by former M15 agent Peter Wright.
The government has stopped publication of the book in England and is attempting to prevent publication in Australia.
The Sunday Times has gone against the government’s injunction and has published excerpts of the book.
The British government is insisting that the book is a breach of confidentiality.
Wright has revealed the innermost workings of M15 and highlights some of the illegal activities of the agency.
It also suggests that Sir Roger Hollis, a former M15 boss, was a Soviet spy and that the agency attempted to undermine Harold Wilson’s Labour government in 1974-76.
The political implications are embarrassing for the present government and it has imposed an injunction on The Guardian, The Observer, and The Sunday Times, forbidding even a mention of the book in the press.