July 12 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 12.

July 12

Events on July 12

1705 Death of Anglican priest Titus Gates, anti-Catholic conspirator who alleged there was a plot to assassinate Charles II and place his Catholic brother James on the throne, thus causing from parliament.

1789 Fire sweeps Paris after two days of rioting.

1799 Britain passes the Combination Act, which bars any combination of working men trying to improve working conditions in an attempt to prevent the spread of revolutionary ideas from France and the formation of trade unions.

1878 Turkey cedes Cyprus to Britain.

1944 The RAF becomes the first air force to use jet aircraft in operational service.

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns from the army in order to begin a presidential campaign.

1982 Hostilities between Britain and Argentina over the Falkland Islands officially ended.

Famous Birthdays on July 12

Julius Caesar 100 BCE, Roman general and statesman who became a dictator and was assassinated on account of his monarchical aspirations.

Josiah Wedgwood 1730, English potter, industrialist and writer.

Henry thoreau 1817, American naturalist and writer.

George Eastman 1854, American inventor of the Kodak camera.

Amedeo Modigliani 1884, Italian painter, sculptor and draughtsman known for his elongated, simplified forms.

Kirsten Flagstad 1895, Norwegian operatic soprano famous for her Wagnerian roles.

Oscar Hammerstein 1895, American lyricist and librettist who, in collaboration with Richard Rodgers, wrote Oklahoma!, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I and The Sound of Music.

Bill Cosby 1937, American comedian and vastly popular actor.

Quotes from Legend

I have a Catholic soul, but a Lutheran stomach.

- Erasmus, on why he failed to fast during Lent - he died today, 1536.

Historical News on July 12

Great Scholar And Humanist Dies

1536 Desiderius Erasmus, the great classicist of the Renaissance, has died.

He will be missed for his cultivated common sense and his ability to criticize kings and churchmen.

His greatest work, Colloquia, opened new ground by exposing the abuses new ground by exposing the abuses of the Church, paving the way for the likes of Martin Luther.

Erasmus also published the first Greek text of the New Testament and a new Latin translation with the hope of reconciling faith and reason, bringing Christianity and the culture of the Ancients closer together.

An advocate of charity and moderation in all things, Erasmus was deeply critical of corruption in the church and fell out with Luther over methods of teaching, gentle reason and tolerance were his preferred tools.

Erasmus spent much of his later life in Cambridge and in Basel.

Though always surrounded by controversy, he became widely known and respected and advanced the revival of learning.

First British Pilot is Killed in Crash

First-British Pilot is Killed in Crash on July 12
First-British Pilot is Killed in Crash

1910 British aviation claimed its first victim today when Charles Stewart Rolls, 33, crashed his French-built Wright biplane at a flying competition in Bournemouth.

According to one spectator, the rudders of the biplane seemed to break during a tilt, causing the machine to crash nose-first to the ground.

Rolls was still in his seat after the crash, but all attempts to revive him failed.

An accomplished aviator, Rolls was the first person to fly non-stop both ways across the Channel.

He was also a partner in the Rolls Royce car manufacturing company and won the 1,000-mile (1,600 km) motor-racing trial in 1900.

1920 The Panama Canal, the world’s largest engineering project, was opened officially today by President Woodrow Wilson.

Construction began in 1881 but halted with the financial collapse of the French contractor de Lesseps.

President Roosevelt took up the project, and construction was resumed in 1904.

The first vessel sailed through on August 15, 1914.

Bradman’s Score Breaks All Records

Bradman's score breaks all records on July 12
Bradman's score breaks all records

1930 Australia’s Don Bradman broke all Test cricket records today with a score of 334 runs against England at Leeds, breaking R.E. Foster’s record in Sydney 27 years ago.

He also set a record for the number of runs scored in a single day of play; 309 of his 334 runs were hit today.

Sunday Times in Court Over Spycatcher

1987 The Sunday Times newspaper found itself in the dock today over the controversial book Spycatcher, written by former M15 agent Peter Wright.

The government has stopped publication of the book in England and is attempting to prevent publication in Australia.

The Sunday Times has gone against the government’s injunction and has published excerpts of the book.

The British government is insisting that the book is a breach of confidentiality.

Wright has revealed the innermost workings of M15 and highlights some of the illegal activities of the agency.

It also suggests that Sir Roger Hollis, a former M15 boss, was a Soviet spy and that the agency attempted to undermine Harold Wilson’s Labour government in 1974-76.

The political implications are embarrassing for the present government and it has imposed an injunction on The Guardian, The Observer, and The Sunday Times, forbidding even a mention of the book in the press.

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