July 13 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 13.

July 13

Events on July 13

1643 In the English Civil War, the Cavaliers take an early victory over Oliver Cromwell’s Roundheads at Roundway Down.

1878 The Congress of Berlin ends with the European powers limiting Russian naval expansion, permitting Austria-Hungary to occupy Bosnia-Herzegovina and gaining Turkish recognition of the independence of Serbia, Romania and Montenegro and of Bulgarian autonomy under Turkish suzerainty.

1923 The British parliament passed a law banning the sale of alcohol to under-18s.

1930 The first World Cup soccer contest was held in Montevideo, Uruguay.

1947 Europe accepted the Marshall Plan, devised by US secretary of state George C. Marshall to aid European economic recovery after World War Two.

1957 Elvis Presley gets his first UK No.1 with “All Shook Up”.

1974 India’s first One-day International was played against England at Headingley, Leeds. England wins by 4 wickets.

1980 Death of Sir Seretse Khama, President of Botswana, who trained as a barrister in London and married Englishwoman Ruth Williams, as a result of which he had to renounce his chieftaincy of the Bamangwato tribe.

1990 The Italian port of Brindisi witnesses the arrival of 4500 Albanian refugees.

Famous Birthdays on July 13

Sir George Gilbert Scott 1811, an English architect who was an advocate of the Gothic revival style and built the Albert Memorial and St Pancras Station in London.

Harrison Ford 1942, an American actor whose films include Star Wars, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and Witness.

Lan Hislop 1960, editor of British satirical magazine Private Eye since 1986.

Historical News on July 13

Yeltsin Resigns From Communist Party

1990 President of the Russian republic Boris Yeltsin resigned from the Communist Party today.

He has been increasingly critical of President Gorbachev and of the slow pace of reform.

This final severance with the Party concludes a process that has been going on since he was sacked by Gorbachev in 1987 for his impatience with economic reforms.

Gorbachev, then as now, continues to walk a tightrope between hardliners and reformers.

Yeltsin was a strong Gorbachev supporter for some time but has now emerged clearly in opposition to him, a position which was highlighted after demonstrations in Moscow by his supporters in March 1989.

This support helped Yeltsin win a seat in the first election of a multi-candidate system later that month.

In May of the same year, he was elected to the Supreme Soviet.

Continuing economic problems and trouble in the republics dog Gorbachev’s administration, although his international stature is high.

Gorbachev’s ability to take the Soviet Union into a free market economy and his own political survival is, however, questionable.

Marat Stabbed To Death In His Bath

Marat stabbed to death in his bath on July 13
Marat stabbed to death in his bath

1793 Leading figure in the French Revolution, Jean-Paul Marat, was stabbed in his bath by Charlotte Corday, a Girondist supporter.

Although popular for his compassion for the poor and his concern for social justice, he may not be too badly missed as he is largely responsible for denouncing deputies, ministers and kings, calling for innumerable executions. His paper L’ami du Peuple provoked hatred but made him popular with the “scum” of Paris, it also gave him enormous power. Marat fled for his life on at least two occasions and it is rumored that his flight into Paris sewers caused him to contract a disease that was slowly killing him.

He was elected a deputy of the Convention but was one of the most unpopular men in the House.

Marat became involved in the Jacobin struggle with the Girondists and his death seems to be a further escalation of this violent struggle for supremacy.

There are fears that the Jacobins will use his death as an excuse for a reign of terror.

Blackouts Hit New York City

1977 New York City is blacked out tonight after electrical storms knocked out power supplies for the city and for large parts of Westchester county.

The police and emergency services have been widespread looting and vandalism throughout the city which has largely gone unchecked.

Security systems dependent on power have been put out of action, while traffic congestion is horrific.

The underground system is not functioning and large numbers of office workers are trapped in skyscrapers dependent on elevators to get to the ground.

2011 There were three bomb explosions in Bombay, India, this morning at the Opera House, Zaveri Bazaar, and Dadar West localities.

The first detonated at 6.54 a.m., the second a minute later, and the third, at 7.06 a.m. 26 people died, and 130 others were injured. Investigations have just begun.

General Tom Thumb Dies

General Tom Thumb dies on July 13
General Tom Thumb dies

1883 Circus midget General Tom Thumb has died today aged 45.

Part of P.T. Barnum’s Greatest Show on Earth since the age of four, Charles Sherwood Stratton was 25 inches (62 cm) tall when Barnum found him, and over the course of his life reached a height of 40 inches (102 cm).

As well as touring extensively with the circus.

Tom Thumb performed at the American museum owned by Barnum.

A master at massive public campaigning, Barnum made a fortune out of the likes of Tom Thumb and Swedish opera singer Jenny Lind.

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