July 14 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 14.

July 14

Events on July 14

1823 King Kamehameha II of Hawaii and his queen died of measles during a visit to Britain.

1867 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel demonstrates dynamite for the first time.

1900 The first governor-general of Australia is appointed.

1902 The campanile of St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice collapses during a safety inspection.

1904 Death of Paul Kruger, head of the Boer Republic of the Transvaal during the Boer War.

1930 BBC television transmits its first play – The Man with a Flower in His Mouth by Italian dramatist and novelist Luigi Pirandello.

1959 The first nuclear warship, the 14,000-ton USS Long Beach, is launched.

1965 Democratic politician and co-founder of the UN Adlai Stevenson dies in London.

1967 The British parliament votes to legalize abortion.

2004 Indian refuses to contribute troops to the US-led coalition force in Iraq.

2006 Poland becomes the first country in the world to be governed by twins (President Lech and Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski).

Famous Birthdays on July 14

Emmeline Pankhurst 1858, English suffragette who suffered imprisonment and force-feeding in order to gain the vote for British women.

Irving Stone 1903, American novelist whose Lust for Life and The Agony and the Ecstasy were both made into films.

Woody Guthrie 1912, American folk singer, guitarist, and composer.

Ingmar Bergman 1918, Swedish film and theatre director whose influential films include The Seventh Seal, Wild Strawberries, Persona and Fanny, and Alexander.

Arthur Laurents 1918, American playwright and librettist who wrote Home of the Brave, West Side Story, and Gypsy.

Quotes from Legend

It is far easier to make war than to make peace.

- Georges Clemenceau, French statesman, 1919.

Quotes from Legend

Rien [nothing].

- Louis XVI, King of France the day the Bastille fell, diary entry, 1789.

Historical News on July 14

Mob Storms the Bastille

Mob storms the bastille on July 14
Mob storms the bastille

1788 Two days of rioting in Paris culminated in the storming of the Bastille prison by a mob demanding munitions stored within its walls.

Commander Marquis de Launay, who has been holding the prison with his men, refused to surrender the arms to the mob, fearing the volatile atmosphere throughout the city would be further heightened by weapons.

The building has been stormed by the crowd, the munitions taken and the seven prisoners within have been released.

The Bastille was built in 1370 as part of the defenses of the city of Paris, but by the 17th century, it had become a symbol of French absolutism, a prison that held political prisoners.

The Bastille’s hospitality has been savored by some of France’s most famous citizens, including the philosopher Voltaire and the notorious Marquis de Sade.

There are fears that this civil unrest may be the beginning of a revolution, one which looks likely to be bloody, violent, and long.

Siberian Miners Go on Strike

1989 More than 3,00,000 coal miners in seven Siberian cities went on strike for better pay and conditions, leaving the major Soviet coalfields idle.

The strike is the most serious outbreak of industrial unrest since Gorbachev came to power four years ago.

It looks likely that the strike will spread to other industries and other republics, causing great disruption and loss of revenue.

The miners union is a particularly strong and influential one in Soviet politics; the importance of coal to the struggling economy cannot be underestimated.

Not surprisingly, the miners are also demanding greater political and economic independence for the mines along with a 40 percent pay rise for night shifts and, more prosaically, soap to wash with and milk for their children.

King Feisal is Murdered

1958 King Feisal, his uncle the Crown Prince Abdul Allah, and the Prime Minister Nuri El-Said were murdered in Iraq during a coup today.

El-Said was reportedly kicked to death by a Baghdad mob as the monarch and his uncle were being murdered by a group of Iraqi army officers inspired by Nasser.

The uprising of nationalist feelings and the coup has implications for the whole region.

President Chamoun in nearby Lebanon has demanded aid from the West.

The US is expected to respond by sending marines to Beirut – a move certain to be criticized as interventionist by the Soviet Union and its allies in the region.

Matterhorn Conquered by British Team

1865 The formidable Matterhorn has been conquered by an expedition led by British explorer Edward Whymper.

Scaling the third highest peak of the Alps has not been without its price, though.

During the descent, four of the seven climbers in his team were killed.

Situated in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy, the Matterhorn is a comparatively low mountain at 14,700 ft (4,480 m) high but is extremely difficult to climb due to its towering cliffs.

More climbers have been killed here than on any other Alpine peak.

Locals say that the mountain is protected by spirits and that climbers risk their lives attempting to scale the mighty peak.

Edward Whymper is, without doubt, the most celebrated Alpine climber in Europe currently, having previously conquered a number of unscaled peaks in the mountain range.

French Sex Symbol Marries

French sex symbol marries on July 14
French sex symbol marries

1966 French film star and sex symbol Brigitte Bardot has married millionaire playboy Gunther Sachs in America.

Her sex-kitten image has done much to popularize French films internationally and 34-year-old Bardot has received enormous media attention while in the US promoting her recent film Viva Maria!, with journalists comparing her to Marilyn Monroe.

This is the third trip to the altar for “BB”, as she is called in France, who has previously been married to film director Roger Vadim and to Jacques Charrier.

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