To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 14.
Events on July 14
Famous Birthdays on July 14
Quotes from Legend
It is far easier to make war than to make peace.
- Georges Clemenceau, French statesman, 1919.
Quotes from Legend
- Louis XVI, King of France the day the Bastille fell, diary entry, 1789.
Historical News on July 14
Mob Storms the Bastille
1788 Two days of rioting in Paris culminated in the storming of the Bastille prison by a mob demanding munitions stored within its walls.
Commander Marquis de Launay, who has been holding the prison with his men, refused to surrender the arms to the mob, fearing the volatile atmosphere throughout the city would be further heightened by weapons.
The building has been stormed by the crowd, the munitions taken and the seven prisoners within have been released.
The Bastille was built in 1370 as part of the defenses of the city of Paris, but by the 17th century, it had become a symbol of French absolutism, a prison that held political prisoners.
The Bastille’s hospitality has been savored by some of France’s most famous citizens, including the philosopher Voltaire and the notorious Marquis de Sade.
There are fears that this civil unrest may be the beginning of a revolution, one which looks likely to be bloody, violent, and long.
Siberian Miners Go on Strike
1989 More than 3,00,000 coal miners in seven Siberian cities went on strike for better pay and conditions, leaving the major Soviet coalfields idle.
The strike is the most serious outbreak of industrial unrest since Gorbachev came to power four years ago.
It looks likely that the strike will spread to other industries and other republics, causing great disruption and loss of revenue.
The miners union is a particularly strong and influential one in Soviet politics; the importance of coal to the struggling economy cannot be underestimated.
Not surprisingly, the miners are also demanding greater political and economic independence for the mines along with a 40 percent pay rise for night shifts and, more prosaically, soap to wash with and milk for their children.
King Feisal is Murdered
1958 King Feisal, his uncle the Crown Prince Abdul Allah, and the Prime Minister Nuri El-Said were murdered in Iraq during a coup today.
El-Said was reportedly kicked to death by a Baghdad mob as the monarch and his uncle were being murdered by a group of Iraqi army officers inspired by Nasser.
The uprising of nationalist feelings and the coup has implications for the whole region.
President Chamoun in nearby Lebanon has demanded aid from the West.
The US is expected to respond by sending marines to Beirut – a move certain to be criticized as interventionist by the Soviet Union and its allies in the region.
Matterhorn Conquered by British Team
1865 The formidable Matterhorn has been conquered by an expedition led by British explorer Edward Whymper.
Scaling the third highest peak of the Alps has not been without its price, though.
During the descent, four of the seven climbers in his team were killed.
Situated in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy, the Matterhorn is a comparatively low mountain at 14,700 ft (4,480 m) high but is extremely difficult to climb due to its towering cliffs.
More climbers have been killed here than on any other Alpine peak.
Locals say that the mountain is protected by spirits and that climbers risk their lives attempting to scale the mighty peak.
Edward Whymper is, without doubt, the most celebrated Alpine climber in Europe currently, having previously conquered a number of unscaled peaks in the mountain range.
French Sex Symbol Marries
1966 French film star and sex symbol Brigitte Bardot has married millionaire playboy Gunther Sachs in America.
Her sex-kitten image has done much to popularize French films internationally and 34-year-old Bardot has received enormous media attention while in the US promoting her recent film Viva Maria!, with journalists comparing her to Marilyn Monroe.
This is the third trip to the altar for “BB”, as she is called in France, who has previously been married to film director Roger Vadim and to Jacques Charrier.