To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 16.
Events on July 16
Famous Birthdays on July 16
Quotes from Legend
It is true that liberty is precious
- So precious that it must be rationed.
- V.I. Lenin flees to Finland after an unsuccessful revolt, 1917.
Historical News on July 16
Parisian Patents Idea for Reinforcing Concrete
1867 Joseph Monier, a Parisian commercial gardener, received a patent for his idea of reinforced concrete by embedding metal wires or rods in it.
Monier, 44, has little technical training.
Common sense told him, however, that his cement and concrete tubs and pots would be greatly strengthened by some form of iron-wire reinforcement.
The concrete and the reinforcement act in tandem, with the former taking most of the compressive forces and the latter the tensile forces.
Monier plans to show his invention at the Paris Exposition later in the year.
Reinforced concrete, he believes, may prove useful in the engineering industry.
Russian Royals Slaughtered
1918 The Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, and his family were murdered today in the cellar of the house in Ekaterinburg where they had been confined since May.
Their bodies were then burned and thrown into a disused mine shaft.
The local Bolshevik commander is thought to have ordered the killings when it became apparent that his men could not hold Ekaterinburg against the approaching White Russian forces and prevent the family’s rescue.
The Petrograd Soviet and the Revolutionary Workers’ and Soldiers’ Council insisted, against the wishes of the provisional government of Prince Lvov, that the family is sent to an area where Bolshevik sentiment is blood red rather than be allowed to leave that country.
1970 The honeymoon period that new British governments traditionally enjoy has proved short-lived for Edward Heath’s Conservative administration.
Less than one month after being elected PM, Heath has declared a state of emergency in response to the national dock strike called by the dockers union.
Troops are on standby, ready to act should their labor be required to keep Britain’s ports open.
Industrialists have issued dire warnings about the consequences to Britain’s overseas trade should the strike drag on.
Mont Blanc Road Tunnel Opens
1965 The famous French engineer Lepiney suggested back in 1870 that it would be a good idea to link France and Italy by building a road tunnel through the Alps.
His vision has at last been realized with the official opening today of a road tunnel running between Barats, four miles (6.5 km) from Chamonix, and the village of Enreves.
It has taken a long 6 ½ years to complete the tunnel, which is 7 ¼ miles (11.6 km) long.
The estimated average traffic flow will be about 600 vehicles per hour in both directions.
Cure for Killer Disease Found
1885 French chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur, 63, has confounded his critics by proving beyond doubt that his idea on the best way to tackle the killer disease rabies is correct.
Nine-year-old rabies victim Joseph Meister is now making a rapid recovery thanks to receiving a weakened strain of the virus administered by Pasteur ten days ago.
This latest success for Pasteur was only made possible by his previous research into diseases including micro-organisms such as anthrax and cholera.
Sheep and chicken farmers and indeed the animals themselves – have reason to be grateful to Pasteur for producing the diseases.
The vaccine against the disease.
The vaccine for rabies is obtained from the dried tissues of animals infected with the virus.