To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 18.
Events on July 18
Famous Birthdays on July 18
Historical News on July 18
Aggro Artist Dies
1610 The Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio died in exile in Porto Ercole at the age of 39.
Caravaggio won fame and notoriety in Rome for his rejection of Renaissance ideals and insistence on painting directly onto the canvas.
His use of low-life models, even in large religious works, caused much offense.
Caravaggio fled Rome four years ago after killing a companion over a game of racquets.
After a brief stay in Naples he moved on to Malta, but soon fell foul of the Order of St John by assaulting the highest grade of the knight.
Agents of the Order were sent after the fleeing Caravaggio and remained hard on his heels until the end.
The violent temper of the peripatetic artist got him into trouble in Naples where he was wounded in a tavern brawl, forcing him to move on again. Alighting in Porto Ercole, a Spanish enclave on the Tuscan coast, he found himself the victim of wrongful arrest.
On release, he made frantic efforts to catch up with a ship that he thought had all his belongings on board, these were, in fact, in Porto Ercole.
This exertion brought on a fever to which he succumbed.
7,50,000 War Dead Commemorated
1920 A new national monument dedicated to the “Glorious Dead” of the Great War was unveiled in Whitehall today.
Designed in Portland stone by the distinguished architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, it replaces the temporary plaster monument erected for the Allied Victory Parade last year.
The only adornments on the new Cenotaph from the Greek words kenos and taphos, meaning empty tomb are the flags of the three armed services and the Merchant Navy.
The new monument will be the focal point at the Armistice Day commemoration in November.
Londoners are already treating it with suitable reverence, by doffing their hats on passing.
1984 In San Diego, California, today unsuspecting customers dining on burgers and chips in their local McDonalds hamburger restaurant were subjected to terror when a security guard began firing at random.
20 people were massacred and 16 have been injured.
Arap Moi Torches Tusks
1989 Kenya’s President Daniel Arap Moi demonstrated his personal commitment to saving the elephant by putting the torch to 12 tons of stockpiled ivory worth approximately $3 million (£1.6 million).
The elephant population of Kenya and Tanzania has been decimated by ivory poachers.
The leaders of both countries are calling for an immediate permanent ban on the trade in ivory in hope of remedying the problem.
1995 A new entertainment experience opened near Anaheim, California, today.
The creation of film producer Walt Disney, Disneyland aims to involve adults and children in a non-stop fantasy world.
The 160-acre amusement park is divided into four sections.
Fantasyland, Frontierland, Adventureland, and Tomorrowland.
Visitors may wander through a jungle filled with crocodiles and orchids, a picturesque small town street of the 1890s, or take a ride on a Mississippi steamboat or blast off on a rocket voyage to the Moon.
Tsar Assassinated After Abdicating
1762 The former Tsar of Russia, Peter III, was assassinated at the village of Ropsha eight days after abdicating.
He was being held in custody by Grigori Orlov, one of the ringleaders of the recent coup to oust the unpopular Tsar in favor of his wife, Catherine.
Formerly Karl Ulrich, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Peter was an inept and insensitive ruler.
He made no secret of his loathing for Russia, and for the Prussian ruler Frederick, the Great.
One of Peter’s first moves on ascending the throne was to withdraw from the Seven Years War, breaking the alliance with Austria and France, and form a pact with Prussia, their former enemy.
There were also indications that he was about to divorce Catherine, his wife of 17 years.
She struck first, however, by rallying the army to her side and, with the support of the senate and Church, having herself proclaimed empress.
Although also German-born (Sophie Fredericke Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst), the 33-year-old Catherine is perceived as being wholeheartedly dedicated to Russia.