July 19 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 19.

July 19

Events on July 19

1545 King Henry VIII’s battleship the Mary Rose sank in the Solent, off the south coast of England, with the loss of 700 lives.

1799 A stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics is found at Rosetta, near Alexandria, Egypt.

1821 George IV is crowned King of England, but his estranged wife Caroline of Brunswick is barred from the ceremony.

1848 The first women’s rights assembly begins at Seneca Falls, New York state.

1849 Sayid Ali Mohammed, founder of the Bathai religious sect, is executed in persia by order of the Shah.

1870 Napoleon III declares war on Prussia.

1970 The first all-metal liner, Brunel’s Great Britain, is brought back to Britain from the Falklands.

2001 Novelist and former Conservative deputy Chairman Lord Archer is sentenced to four years in prison for perjury and perverting the course of justice.

2007 Pratibha Patil is elected as the first woman President of India.

Famous Birthdays on July 19

Samuel Colt 1814, American inventor responsible for the six-shot revolver and the first remote control naval mine.

Mangal Pandey 1827, Indian freedom fighter who played a significant role in India’s First War of Independence in 1857.

Lizzie Borden 1860, American Sunday-school teacher who was falsely accused of murdering her father and stepmother with an axe.

Charles Horace Mayo 1865, American physician, member of a family of physicians who pioneered the idea of group practice and set up the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

George Hamilton IV 1937, American country and western singer.

Ilie Nastase 1946, Romanian tennis player noted for his erratic behaviour on court.

Quotes from Legend

The great masses of the people. Will more easily fall victim to a great lie than to a small one.

- Adolf Hitler in Mein Kampf, written from prison following an unsuccessful rising in 1923.

Historical News on July 19

IRA Ceasefire Announced

1997 The IRA has announced a new ceasefire, its second in three years.

It comes after the republican political party Sinn Fein urged the IRA to call a truce, but the speed of the response has surprised many commentators.

Northern Ireland Secretary Mo Mowlam will be monitoring IRA activity over the next few weeks to decide whether Sinn Fein will be admitted to the all-party peace talks scheduled for September.

Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams said he supported the new ceasefire because of the “commitment by the two governments to inclusive peace talks”.

Cloud Over Kennedy’s Future

Cloud over Kennedy's future on July 19
Cloud over Kennedy's future

1969 In recent months Senator Edward Kennedy has given the appearance of a man destined to become the Democratic Party’s presidential candidate in 1972.

Today he looks like a man fighting for his political life.

Last night the 37-year-old senator was involved in an automobile accident in which his passenger, 28-year-old Washington secretary Mary Jo Kopechne, died.

The car is alleged to have swerved off a narrow bridge on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, and plunged into a pond.

Serious questions are being raised about the senator’s conduct, not least his decision to leave the scene of the accident and not contact the police until several hours later.

Two-way Reluctance in Poland

1989 Generał Wojciech Jaruzelski, the man who imposed martial law eight years ago, was voted in as Poland’s first President today.

The general won the required 50 percent majority of valid votes cast by a mere one vote, 270 parliamentary deputies voted for him, 233 against and 34 abstained.

Four Solidarity representatives declined to participate in the election, declaring it unlawful because Jaruzelski was the only candidate.

The problems facing the new President are daunting, a bankrupt economy, no effective government, and a resentful and cynical population.

Jaruzelski was reluctant to offer himself for election, but to have turned his back would, in his words, “contradict the duties of a politician and soldier and also the logic of my public service in recent years”.

Nazi Style Rules

1937 Those wishing to discover what constitutes art in Hitler’s Third Reich should make their way to the Bavarian capital, Munich, where two strikingly different exhibitions have been mounted for this purpose.

What the Fuhrer describes as “true German art” is of lofty subjects such as patriotism and family life and rendered in a stiff, academic style.

“Degenerate, Bolshevik, and Jewish art”, on the other hand, is all modern art.

Artists whose works are classified as “degenerate” include Beckmann, Chagall, Dix, Grosz, Kandinsky, Klee, Kokoschka and Modersohn-Becker.

In 1933 Goebbels ordered that “all artistic productions with cosmopolitan or Bolshevist tendencies” should be removed from German museums and galleries.

The examples of “degenerate” art currently on the show have been taken from a stockpile of about 20,000 modern works seized at the time.

According to one SS officer, the steel helmet is the most perfect object ever created.

Prince Albert Launches World’s Largest Ship, the Great Britain

Prince Albert launches world's-largest ship the Great Britain on July 19
Prince Albert launches world's-largest ship the Great Britain

1843 The Prince Consort of the United Kingdom, Albert, was at Wapping Dock today to launch the world’s largest ship, the 3,270-ton, 322-ft (98 m) long Atlantic liner Great Britain.

The all-metal vessel was originally designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel as a paddle steamer.

She has since been fitted with screw machinery, supplemented by sails on six masts.

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