July 21 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 21.

July 21

Events on July 21

1403 Sir Henry Percy, known as Harry Hotspur, is killed in battle near Shrewsbury while trying to overthrow King Henry IV.

1897 The Tate Gallery opens in London.

1904 The Trans-Siberian railway was completed after 13 years of work.

1947 The Indian Constitutional Assembly accepts the tricolour flag as Indian’s National Flag. The flag has three equal horizontal stripes of saffron (sacrifice), white (truth) and green (prosperity), and a chakra (dharma chakra) in the centre.

1954 Britain, the US and the World Bank turned down President Nasser’s plea for aid to build the Aswan Dam on the River Nile.

1960 Sir Francis Chichester arrives in New York on his solo round the world journey, having crossed the Atlantic in a record breaking 40 days.

1960 Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike, widow of the murdered prime minister of Sri Lanka, Solomon Bandaranaike, replaces him and becomes the first woman prime minister in the world.

1994 Tony Blair is elected leader of the Labour party in Britain.

2008 Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is arrested in Serbia.

2011 NASA’s Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.

Shuttle Atlantis and its four-astronaut crew gilded home for the final time, ending a 13-day journey of more than five million miles.

Famous Birthdays on July 21

Baron Paul Julius Von Reuter 1816, German-born founder of the Reuter’s telegraph office, London, which supplied newspapers with international news.

Ernest Hemingway 1899, American novelist and short-story writer whose macho image was reflected in his books.

Jonathan Miller 1934, British doctor, opera and theatre director and documentary maker.

Quotes from Legend

Think of it, soldiers, from the summit of these pyramids, 40 centuries look down upon you.

- Napoleon I, 1798.

Quotes from Legend

The United States has to move very fast to even stand still.

- John F. Kennedy, quoted in The Observer, 1936.

Historical News on July 21

The Eagle Lands

The eagle lands July 21
The eagle lands

1969 US astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin completed the most breathtaking and perhaps the most hazardous part of the historic Apollo 11 space mission today.

Michael Collins remained in the command-service part of the spacecraft, known as Columbia, while his two colleagues maneuvered the lunar module, called Eagle, onto the surface of the Moon.

Six-and-a-half hours after landing, Armstrong began what the hundreds of millions of television viewers around the world had been waiting for, the first Moonwalk in human history.

He stepped out onto the fine and powdery surface with the words, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant step for mankind.”

During a two-hour moon walkabout, the astronauts set up various scientific devices and took rock samples and many photographs.

Khomeini Ends War Reluctantly

1988 The eight-year Iran-Iraq war was ended by Iran’s spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

A statement read on Iran radio yesterday declared that Khomeini was prepared to accept UN Security Council Resolution 598, which called for a ceasefire.

Khomeini had sworn to fight on until Iran had won a total victory over Iraq and its leader Saddam Hussein, including his overthrow.

In a statement, Khomeini said the decision was “more deadly than taking poison”.

The cost of the war has been high for both sides, an estimated 1 million killed, 1.7 million wounded, 1.5 million made homeless and major cities reduced to rubble.

A staggering $400 billion of the two nations’ resources has also been expended in the struggle.

1985 A 20-year search for gold, silver, and jewels in the wreck of a Spanish galleon has ended in triumph for chicken farmer turned treasure hunter Mel Fisher.

His divers have found about half the original $400 million worth (£217 million) of booty, in the wreck of Nuestra Senhora de Atocha, 40 miles (64 km) west of Key West, Florida.

The gallon was one of nine Spanish ships sunk by a hurricane in 1622.

Mr Big Dies

1809 Daniel Lambert, famed for his corpulence, died suddenly today at the Waggon and Horses Inn, Stamford.

He was 39.

Lambert’s weight did not begin to increase considerably until the early 1790s when he succeeded his father as keeper of Leicester prison.

In 1793 he weighed 32 stone, despite an active and teetotal lifestyle.

After resigning from the prison on an annuity of £50 ($92) a year, he began to turn his “mortal hugeness” to financial gain.

He went to London and in April 1806 “received company” between the hours of 12 noon and 5 pm at 53 Piccadilly.

In the following years, he began touring the English shires.

At the time of his death, Lambert weighed 52 ¾ stones.

Robert Burns Dies in Hardship

1796 Scotland’s unofficial Poet Laureate, Robert Burns, died in Dumfries at the age of 37.

His premature death from rheumatic heart disease is being attributed to the privations and hardship of his years as a struggling tenant farmer.

Burn’s success as a poet began with the publication of his first volume, entitled Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect.

Country people and Edinburgh sophisticates found much to admire in the book’s blend of social satire, verse letters, nature poems, and high-minded idealization of family life.

Burn’s low social status, however, prevented him from truly finding his niche, despite his undoubted intellectual abilities.

He spent the last seven years of his life collecting and providing words for traditional Sottish tunes as well as working for the excise service.

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