To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 23.
Events on July 23
Famous Birthdays on July 23
Quotes from Legendary
I brought it all to life. I moved the whole world onto a 20-ft [6.5-m] screen. I was a greater discoverer than Columbus. I condensed history into three hours and made them live it.
- D.W Griffith, pioneer US film-maker who introduced the techniques of flashback, crosscut, close-up and longshot, and who died today, 1948.
Historical News on July 23
Who Do You Think You’re Kidding, Mr Churchill?
1940 The auxiliary force raised in Britain at the beginning of the French campaign last month has been given a new name.
The Local Defence Volunteers are from now on to be known as the Home Guard.
The one million-strong force, which has many World War One veterans in its ranks, is intended to protect Britain’s last line of defense may have been bemused as much as encouraged by Prime Minister Churchill’s proposed slogan “You can always take one with you” – wags may feel tempted to suggest the insertion of the word “home”.
Weapons are scarce and it is doubtful whether enthusiasm alone could offer effective resistance to Adolf Hitler’s hordes of well-trained Aryan supermen.
1986 Prince Andrew and Commoner Sarah Ferguson married at Westminster Abbey today.
The couple, both 26, met last year at Ascot and gave news of their engagement in March.
Shortly before the ceremony, the Queen announced that she had conferred on Andrew the title of Duke of York – traditionally reserved for the sovereign’s second son.
Tension Mounts in Europe
1914 The Austro-Hungarian government has issued an ultimatum to Serbia in the aftermath of the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
It is demanding that all anti-Austrian activities on Serbian territory be forbidden, that one of the main Serbian nationalist parties, Narodna Odbrana, be outlawed, and that Austrian officials be allowed to participate in the inquiry into the Archduke’s assassination.
If Serbia does not agree to the conditions, Austria-Hungary will mobilize her forces.
Serbia is in a cleft stick, agreement would signify a willingness to relinquish sovereignty, refusal would lead to a Europe-wide conflict.
Uprising Ends on a Downer
1803 The confused rebellion that was mounted in Dublin today does not augur well for the future of the cause of Irish nationalism.
A combination of bad planning and misunderstanding prevented the various contingents of rebels from launching a coordinated attack.
The architect of the uprising, 25-year-old Robert Emmet, and his small band found themselves marching on Dublin Castle alone.
All they could achieve was the murder of Lord Kilwarden, the Lord Chief Justice, and his nephew.
An operation is underway to round up the insurgents. Emmet, who spent from 1800 to 1802 with the exiled leaders of the United Irishmen in France, is believed to be hiding in the Wicklow mountains.
Freud Dominates International Psychoanalytic Association
1914 The wrangle which brought about the resignation of the president of the International Psychoanalytic Association, Carl Gustav Jung, in April seems to have secured the future of the Freudian movement in a cast that is acceptable to its founder.
Sigmund Freud. The 58-year-old Vienna-based doctor has circulated to all members of the Association his “History of the Psychoanalysis Movement” – his personal view of the dissent that has riven the movement in recent years.
The paper makes plain that the ideas of Jung do not square with Freudian theory.
Perhaps the most contentious issue between the two men has been the definition of the term “libido”, which for Freud signifies sexual energy and for Jung also encompasses general mental energy.
The departures of Jung, Adler, and Stekel leave the Association in the hands of men dedicated to Freud’s ideas.