July 24 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 24.

July 24

Events on July 24

1567 Mary Queen of Scots abdicates after defeat by the Protestants at Carberry Hill.

1704 Britain captures Gibraltar from Spain.

1824 The world’s first public opinion poll is carried out in Delaware.

1883 Captain Matthew Webb, the first man to swim the Channel, is drowned while trying to swim above the rapids at Niagara Falls.

1925 The first successful insulin treatment was carried out on a six-year-old girl at Guy’s Hospital in London.

1936 In Spain, General Mola sets up a Falangist government at Burgos.

1965 British champion boxer and former nightclub owner Freddie Mills is found shot dead in his car in London’s Soho.

1967 The Times carries a full-page advertisement advocating the legalization of marijuana signed by, among others, all four Beatles.

1974 Death of Sir James Chadwick, British physicist who discovered the neutron in 1932.

1976 Diplomatic ties between India and China are re-established for the first time since the 1962 Sino-Indian war.

2010 Northern Irish snooker legend Alex “Hurricane” Higgins dies, aged 61.

Famous Birthdays on July 24

Simon Bolivar 1783, South American soldier and statesman who liberated Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador from Spanish rule and organized a federation of the newly independent states.

Alexandre Dumas Pere 1802, French novelist and dramatist best-known for The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo and The Black Tulip.

Frank Wedekind 1864, German dramatist, actor, singer, poet and essayist whose Erdgeist and Die Buchse der Pandora formed the basis of Alban Berg’s opera Lulu.

Amelia Earhart 1898, American aviator and the first woman to fly solo over the Atlantic.

Quotes from Legendary

This is the greatest week in the history of the world since the creation.

- Richard Nixon, US president, on the landing of men on the moon, three days earlier, 1969.

Quotes from Legendary

The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part… The essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well.

- Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and sportsman, in a speech to Officials of Olympic Games, 1908.

Historical News on July 24

Mormons Find Their Place

Mormons find their place on July 24
Mormons find their place

1847 Mormon leader Brigham Young (above with his wives) and his party of 147 members of the Church of the Latter-Day Saints reached the safety of the Salt Lake valley today.

The exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois, to a “land that nobody wanted” began early last year.

The hazardous journey has claimed many lives, despite Young’s excellent organization and preparation.

Crops are already being planted on the day of their arrival.

The Mormon appetite for hard work has not won them acceptance in any community, nor has their doctrinaire interpretation of God’s word.

They can make this new land their own, however, and all who enter it will have to conform to the Mormon way of life.

Turkey and Greece End Territorial Dispute

1923 The Treaty of Lausanne signed by Greece and Turkey today concludes the peace settlement begun at the end of the Great War but aborted by Kemal Ataturk’s nationalist overthrow of the Ottoman dynasty.

Acceptance of the original Treaty of Sevres would have reduced Turkey to a small area around Constantinople extending 25 miles (40 km) into Europe, and Anatolia (excluding Smyrna).

Ataturk surrendered all claims to territories of the Ottoman empire occupied by non-Turks and confirmed Greece in possession of all Adriatic islands (except Imbros and Tenedos, which are to be returned to Turkey).

These concessions have been made so that the ancient commercial port and religious centre of Smyrna, and Eastern Thrace, may be restored to Turkey.

1989 Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party has suffered its first defeat in 30 years, forcing the resignation of the prime minister, Sosuke Uno.

The LDP had seemed to be on the road to political recovery under the premiership of Uno after the Recruit scandal claimed his predecessor.

However, last month Uno’s former mistress slung mud at his name, ruining his chances.

Archer Awarded £5000,000 Damages

1987 Multi-millionaire author Jeffrey Archer has won  £5000,000 ($9,20,000) in damages against the Star newspaper, the highest amount ever awarded in a British libel action.

The jury at the Royal Courts of Justice in London took 4 hours 20 minutes to decide that Archer had not, as the paper alleged, paid prostitute Monica Coghlan  £70 ($129) for sex.

Archer was deputy chairman of the Conservative Party at the time of the alleged transaction.

He resigned from the post last October when he admitted to paying Coghlan  £2,000 ($3,680) to avoid possible scandal but denied paying her for sex.

Peter Sellers Dies From Heart Attack

Peter sellers dies from heart attack on July 24
Peter sellers dies from heart attack

1980 The British comic actor Peter Sellers (left), died today in a London hospital after suffering a massive heart attack.

He was 55.

Sellers had stopped over in London for a reunion supper with fellow Goons Spike Milligan and Harry Secombe en route to Los Angeles where he was to undergo an important heart operation.

Sellers began his 30-year career as a comic on radio, starring in Ray’s a Laugh and, most famously, The Goon Show.

International stardom beckoned when he made the transition to the big screen in the late 50s.

The Inspector Clouseau films The Pink Panther and A Shot in the Dark brought him a steady stream of lucrative screen roles.

It is arguable, however, whether his genius as a mimic and creator of illusion was best suited to this medium.

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