July 26 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 26.

July 26

Events on July 26

1830 King Charles X of France issues ordinances limiting political and civil rights.

1863 Death of Sam Houston, American soldier, president and Texan leader after whom the city of Houston is named.

1939 Death of Ford Madox Ford, British novelist who wrote more than 80 books and founded the English Review and the Transatlantic Review.

1952 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates after a military coup by General Neguib on July 22.

1953 In Cuba rebel leader Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada barracks and is imprisoned by dictator Fulgencio Batista.

1956 President Nasser of Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal just a month after coming to power.

1977 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin defies a plea from US President Jimmy Carter and orders more settlements to be built on the West Bank.

2000 The Indian Government imposes a ban on employing children below the age of 14 as domestic help.

2004 The Frozen Ark project is launched to preserve the DNA of endangered species.

Famous Birthdays on July 26

Jean Baptiste Camille Corot 1796, French painter who brought a new naturalism into the classical tradition of composed landscape.

George Bernard Shaw 1856, Irish dramatist, critic and man of letters, one of the founding members of the Fabian Society.

Carl Jung 1875, Swiss psychiatrist and pioneer psychoanalyst who introduced the concept of introvert and extrovert personalities.

André Maurois 1885, French novelist and biographer.

Stanley Kubrick 1928, American film director whose works include Dr Strangelove, 2001: A Space Odyssey and A Clockwork Orange.

Mick Jagger 1943, British pop singer and founder member of the Rolling Stones.

Quotes from Legend

It is uncertain whether the development and spread of electronic and computer technology will increase the spread of literacy or diminish the need for it and result in an oral culture overwhelming the present written one.

- Eugene Radwin, US educationist, 1990.

Historical News on July 26

1908 The increase in the regulatory powers of the US government promoted by President Theodore Roosevelt was taken a stage further today with the establishment of a new investigative agency.

This Federal Bureau of Investigation has been set up by Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte within the existing Justice Department.

The small group of FBI investigators will look into the nefarious dealings of land grabbers in the West and big business “trusts” in the East.

The World's First Test-Tube Baby

The world's first test tube baby on July 26
The world's first test tube baby on July 26

1978 The world’s first test-tube baby was born by Caesarean section in Oldham General Hospital at 11.47 last night.

For parents, Lesley and John Brown of Bristol the birth is nothing short of a miracle after nine years of disappointment.

The men whose expertise made birth possible are gynaecologist Patrick Steptoe and Cambridge physiologist Dr Robert Edwards.

Together they succeeded in fertilizing an egg from Lesley’s womb with her husband’s sperm in the laboratory and then returning it to the mother for incubation.

Argentina Cries for "Evita"

1952 Eva Perón, the wife of the President of Argentina, Juan Perón, died in Buenos Aires today after a long illness.

She was 33.

A former actress, Senora Perón wielded enormous influence in public affairs.

One of her main achievements was to win the vote for Argentinian women. “Evita”, as she became known to Argentina’s 18-million population, was recently proclaimed the “spiritual chief of the state” by Congress.

That same body is expected to pass a bill ordaining that “for the rest of history” July 26 will be a day of national mourning for Argentina.

Senora Péron’s body will lie in state until August 8 in the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare.

Charles V Sanctions New Pizarro Expedition

Charles V sanctions new pizarro expedition on July 26
Charles V sanctions new pizarro expedition

1529 Francisco Pizarro’s decision to go over the head of the governor of Panama and ask the Spanish Emperor Charles V to sanction another expedition to the wealthy kingdom south of Panama has paid off.

The Council of the Indies has granted the 54-year-old soldier and explorer of South America the right of conquest, the governorship of the new lands, and the title of Captain-General for life.

Last year Francisco Pizarro returned to Panama with gold, llamas, and a few Indians as evidence of the riches that he believes are there for the taking.

However, no funds appear to have been provided for the new expedition, nor have the contributions of Pizarro’s partners, most notably Diego de Almagro, received recognition.

Twenty-Six Die in Railroad Strike Mayhem

1877 An America-wide railroad strike brought in its wake violence and mayhem.

The worst hit has been Pittsburgh, where three days of rioting have caused 26 deaths and an estimated $5 million (£2.7 million) worth of damage to property.

Buffalo, St Louis, and Chicago have also experienced rioting.

The strike is in support of better pay and conditions for railroad workers, many of whom are immigrants.

Some bosses regard the unrest as politically inspired by revolutionaries bent on the destruction of capitalism.

Unionization is one of their chief bogeymen.

Train crews are increasingly becoming unionized.

Now other members of the railroad workforce, which has grown rapidly since 1870, are similarly seeking to protect their interests.

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