July 28 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 28.

July 28

Events on July 28

1655 Death of Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier, writer and dramatist renowned for the Size of his nose.

1741 Death of Antonio Vivaldi Italian composer, violinist and priest who taught music at the Ospedale della Pietà in Venice.

1794 in Paris, Maximilien Robespierre went to the guillotine himself, having presided over the Reign of Terror in which at least 25.000 were beheaded.

1868 A treaty was signed allowing unrestricted Chinese immigration to the USA.

1914 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

1935 The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bomber makes its first flight at Seattle.

1945 A B-25 bomber crashes into the 78th floor of the Empire State building, killing the three crew and 11 passengers.

1960 UN secretary general Deg Hammarskjöld arrives in the Congo on a peace mission to end the civil war.

1965 President Lyndon Johnson sends another 50.000 US ground troops to Vietnam.

1987 Golfer Laura Davies becomes the first Englishwoman to win the US Women’s Open.

2004 Francis Crick, Codiscoverer of DNA structure. dies, aged 88.

Famous Birthdays on July 28

Beatrix Potter 1866, English children’s author and illustrator.

Marcel Duchamp 1887. French artist who became the leader of the New York Dada movement.

Malcolm Lowry 1909, British novelist best known for the semi-autobiographical Under the Volcano.

Sir Garfield Sobers 1936. Barbadian cricketer who scored a record 365 runs against Pakistan in the 1957-8 Test series.

Riccardo Muti 1941. Italian conductor and artistic director of La Scala in Milan.

Quotes from Legend

Henry VIII perhaps approached as nearly to the ideal standard of perfect wickedness as the infirmaties of human nature will allow.

- Sir James Mackintosh, British historian, on King Henry VIII. Today, Henry beheaded Thomas Cromwell and then married Catherine Howard, 1540.

Historical News on July 28

New "potato" plant may provide animal fodder

New potato plant may provide animal fodder on July 28
New potato plant may provide animal fodder

1586 A new type of plant has been introduced into Ireland by some explorers associated with Sir Walter Raleigh.

Called Solarium tuberosum, or the potato, it is a perennial herb thought to originate from the Andes region of South America.

The tubers of the plant are eaten by the South American Indians.

Sir Walter plans to plant some tubers on his estate at Youghal, near Cork, with a view to feeding the crop to his livestock.

1868 The Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution was formally ratified today.

The main purpose of this latest addition to the US statute book is to extend to the 412 million or so black Americans the same personal and property rights enjoyed by other citizens of the United States.

The Fourteenth Amendment builds on the provisions of the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery by defining, for the first time, national citizenship and unequivocally including black Americans within that definition.

Woman Gets Licence

1966 Lord Justice Denning has struck a decisive blow for equality between the sexes in the world of horseracing by ruling that 72-year old Mrs Florence Nagle has to have a training licence “if she is to carry on her trade without stooping to subterfuge”.

After the hearing, Mrs Nagle said that she had been trying for 20 years to get a licence from the Stewards of the Jockey Club.

Undeterred by their refusal, she had circumvented the problem by taking out a licence in the name of her head lad.

Mrs Nagles’s most notable horse training success in recent years has been Elf Arrow, winner of the 1959 Liverpool St Leger and seven other races.

Great court composer and organist dies

1750 The court composer to the Elector of Saxony and director of Church music for Leipzig Johann Sebastian Bach, died in Leipzig at the age of 65.

Herr Bach was one of the most accomplished heirs to a family tradition of music-making that stretches back 100 years or more.

He spent the early part of his career as an organist and orchestral player.

His interest in composing developed in an innovative direction when he became acquainted with the new styles and forms of music championed by the Italian masters, especially Vivaldi.

Many of his cantatas, arias, concerto movements, fugues, chorales, and large-scale vocal and keyboard works reflect this influence.

Many more of Herr Bach’s compositions are as yet unpublished.

One of particular interest is “Das Wohltemperierte Klavier” – The Well-tempered (well-tuned) Clavier – in which Bach advocates adjusting tuning so that all keys of the instrument are pleasant to the ear.

Northern Ireland: Peace at last?

Northern Ireland peace at last on July 28
Northern Ireland peace at last on July 28

2005 The Provisional IRA announced a formal end to its 36-year campaign of armed struggle in Northern Ireland, saying it would thereafter use “purely political and democratic programs through exclusively peaceful means” to bring about a united Ireland and remove Northern Ireland from British hands.

The group was responsible for the deaths of around 1.800 people during its campaign of terror.

Comprising about 1.100 members of the British security forces and 630 civilians.

The group itself lost 275-300 of its estimated 10.000 members.

A ceasefire had been in place since 1998 when the British government demanded the disarmament of the IRA before allowing Sinn Fein, the political party linked to the IRA. into multi-party talks on the future of Northern Ireland.

Leave a Reply