To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 28.
Events on July 28
Famous Birthdays on July 28
Quotes from Legend
Henry VIII perhaps approached as nearly to the ideal standard of perfect wickedness as the infirmaties of human nature will allow.
- Sir James Mackintosh, British historian, on King Henry VIII. Today, Henry beheaded Thomas Cromwell and then married Catherine Howard, 1540.
Historical News on July 28
New "potato" plant may provide animal fodder
1586 A new type of plant has been introduced into Ireland by some explorers associated with Sir Walter Raleigh.
Called Solarium tuberosum, or the potato, it is a perennial herb thought to originate from the Andes region of South America.
The tubers of the plant are eaten by the South American Indians.
Sir Walter plans to plant some tubers on his estate at Youghal, near Cork, with a view to feeding the crop to his livestock.
1868 The Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution was formally ratified today.
The main purpose of this latest addition to the US statute book is to extend to the 412 million or so black Americans the same personal and property rights enjoyed by other citizens of the United States.
The Fourteenth Amendment builds on the provisions of the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery by defining, for the first time, national citizenship and unequivocally including black Americans within that definition.
Woman Gets Licence
1966 Lord Justice Denning has struck a decisive blow for equality between the sexes in the world of horseracing by ruling that 72-year old Mrs Florence Nagle has to have a training licence “if she is to carry on her trade without stooping to subterfuge”.
After the hearing, Mrs Nagle said that she had been trying for 20 years to get a licence from the Stewards of the Jockey Club.
Undeterred by their refusal, she had circumvented the problem by taking out a licence in the name of her head lad.
Mrs Nagles’s most notable horse training success in recent years has been Elf Arrow, winner of the 1959 Liverpool St Leger and seven other races.
Great court composer and organist dies
1750 The court composer to the Elector of Saxony and director of Church music for Leipzig Johann Sebastian Bach, died in Leipzig at the age of 65.
Herr Bach was one of the most accomplished heirs to a family tradition of music-making that stretches back 100 years or more.
He spent the early part of his career as an organist and orchestral player.
His interest in composing developed in an innovative direction when he became acquainted with the new styles and forms of music championed by the Italian masters, especially Vivaldi.
Many of his cantatas, arias, concerto movements, fugues, chorales, and large-scale vocal and keyboard works reflect this influence.
Many more of Herr Bach’s compositions are as yet unpublished.
One of particular interest is “Das Wohltemperierte Klavier” – The Well-tempered (well-tuned) Clavier – in which Bach advocates adjusting tuning so that all keys of the instrument are pleasant to the ear.
Northern Ireland: Peace at last?
2005 The Provisional IRA announced a formal end to its 36-year campaign of armed struggle in Northern Ireland, saying it would thereafter use “purely political and democratic programs through exclusively peaceful means” to bring about a united Ireland and remove Northern Ireland from British hands.
The group was responsible for the deaths of around 1.800 people during its campaign of terror.
Comprising about 1.100 members of the British security forces and 630 civilians.
The group itself lost 275-300 of its estimated 10.000 members.
A ceasefire had been in place since 1998 when the British government demanded the disarmament of the IRA before allowing Sinn Fein, the political party linked to the IRA. into multi-party talks on the future of Northern Ireland.