July 29 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on July 29.

July 29

Events on July 29

1565 Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley.

1830 French liberals opposed to Charles X’s restrictive new laws seize Paris.

1833 Death of William Wilberforce, British philanthropist who was a prime mover in the anti-slavery campaign.

1890 Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh dies two days after shooting himself in the chest.

1900 King Umberto I of Italy is shot dead by an anarchist.

1914 Following the murder of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo, Tsar Nicholas Il mobilizes 1.2 million troops.

1948 The first Olympic Games since World War Two opens at Wembley in London.

1966 Death of Gordon Craig British actor, theatre designer and producer and son of actress Ellen Terry.

1974 Cass Elliott, singer with pop group the Mamas and the Papas, dies in London of a heart attack after choking on a sandwich.

1983 Actor David Niven, the quintessential English gentleman, dies of motor neurone disease.

Famous Birthdays on July 29

Alexis de Tocqueville 1805, French political scientist, historian and politician who wrote De la Démocratie en Amerique, which also examined the constitutions of Europe.

Booth Tarkington 1869, American novelist who wrote The Magnificent Ambersons.

Benito Mussolini 1883, Italian founder of the Fascist Party and ally of Hitler in World War Two.

Sigmund Romberg 1887, Hungarian-born composer who wrote The Student Prince and The Desert Song.

Dag Hammarskjöld 1905, Swedish politician and second secretary general of the United Nations.

Sanjay Dutt 1959, Indian film actor, producer and politician, who was sentenced to five years in jail for violating the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act (TADA) in April 1993.

Historical News on July 29

750 million watch royal wedding

750 million watch royal wedding on July 29
750 million watch royal wedding on July 29

1981 The heir to the British throne, Prince Charles, married Lady Diana Frances Spencer in front of 750 million people today.

The ceremony in London’s St Paul’s Cathedral was televised live throughout the world.

In Britain, the official public holiday was celebrated in street parties by hundreds of thousands of people.

Of the few people working, one – staunch trade unionist Harry Crapper of Sheffield – said he did not agree with “all this junketing”.

Another note of discord was sounded by the King and Queen of Spain who declined their invitation to the wedding because the royal couple’s honeymoon plans include picking up the royal yacht Britannia in Gibraltar, a long-standing bone of contention between Britain and Spain.

German composer Robert Schumann dies

1856 The avant-garde German composer Robert Schumann, husband of the celebrated pianist Clara Schumann, died in a private asylum at Endenich, near Bonn, at the age of 46.

Schumann gave up studying law in order to devote himself to a career in music.

He has left a large body of work ranging from piano pieces and songs to chamber music, choral works, and symphonies.

Schumann’s music has not found wide acceptance among audiences and appreciation of it has been largely confined to a small clique of professional musicians and composers.

Schumann’s greatest contribution to contemporary musical life has been the journal Die Neue Zeitschrift (New Musical Journal) which since its inception in 1833 has brought young composers to the musical public’s attention.

Spanish invasion receives calm British reception

Spanish invasion receives calm British reception on July 29
Spanish invasion receives calm British reception

1588 The armada of 130 ships sent by King Philip II of Spain to attempt an invasion of England was sighted today off Cornwall.

The English fleet under Charles Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham, is confident of success, however.

Howard has 197 ships with about 16,000 men, most of them seasoned sailors, at his disposal.

His commanders seem equally nonchalant.

Sir Francis Drake was playing a game of bowls on Plymouth Hoe when he received news of the armada’s approach.

He finished the game before making it for the fleet assembly point at Portsmouth.

Factors that may tell against the Spanish in battle include the lack of experience of their new commander, the Duke de Medina Sidonia, and the lack of pace and maneuverability of their ships.

Japan grants US trade privileges

1858 US diplomat Townsend Harris pulled off a spectacular trade coup for the US.

He has persuaded the Japanese to agree to trade and diplomatic privileges with the United States.

Harris has spent the past two years preparing the ground for this commercial treaty which opens five ports to US trade in addition to those already opened under the terms of the Treaty of Kanagawa), exempts US citizens living in these areas from the jurisdiction of Japanese law, guarantees those same citizens religious freedom and arranges for diplomatic representation and a tariff agreement between the two countries.

Japan’s sudden willingness to negotiate may be explained by two factors: a change among the ruling elite: and the need to counter the mounting threat from Britain and France, whose joint naval force is currently on its way to Japan to obtain new treaties by force.

1966 Singer Bob Dylan has been injured in a motorcycle accident near his home at Woodstock, New York.

His injuries are thought to involve broken vertebrae in his neck.

Precise details are scarce, however, although Dylan’s manager has let it be known that the 25-year-old star has been completely incapacitated by the accident.

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