June 01 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 01.

June 01

Events on June 01

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the French constitution.

1831 Sir James Clark Ross locates the magnetic North Pole on his Arctic expedition with Admiral Parry.

1874 The British East India Company was dissolved as a result of the East India Stock Dividend Redemption Act 1873.

1879 Eugene Louis Jean Napoleon, Prince Imperial of France, is killed in the Zulu campaign in South Africa.

1910 Captain Robert Falcon Scott sails out of London’s East India docks on the Terra Nova, bound for the South Pole.

1939 While carrying out trials in Liverpool Bay, the Royal Navy submarine Thetis leaked carbon monoxide, poisoning 70 of its crew.

1942 Television licenses were first issued in Britain.

1959 Death of Sax Rohmer, the English author who created Dr. Fu Manchu.

1966 Purist folk fans boo Bob Dylan at the Albert Hall in London when he used an electric guitar for the first time in Britain.

1971 The two-room shack in Tupelo, Mississippi, where Elvis Presley was born is opened to the public as a tourist attraction.

1979 Rhodesia takes the name of Zimbabwe.

2004 Nelson Mandela announces his retirement from public life.

Famous Birthdays on June 01

John Masefield 1879, English novelist and Poet Laureate who served in the merchant navy and wrote about the sea in his first publication, Salt Water Ballads.

Marilyn Monroe 1926, American actress who led a turbulent life and became an icon after her death.

Pat Boone 1934, American singer.

Morgan Freeman 1937, American actor who won an Oscar in 2005 for his performance in Million Dollar Baby.

Quotes from Legend

How can I reconcile this world of fact with the bright world of my imagination? My darkness has been filled with the light of intelligence, and behold, the outer daylight world was stumbling and grouping in social blindness.

- The deaf and blind author Helen Keller, who died today, 1968.

Historical News on June 01

Glimmer of Hope For Mayflower Pilgrims

1621 Settlers in the New England colony of New Plymouth have been wondering just how secure their settlement is, but a patent issued today by the Council for New England has put their minds at rest.

When the Pilgrims, a group of religious dissenters, set sail on the Mayflower from Plymouth, England, on their 66-day voyage last year, they carried with them a patent from the Virginia Company granting them territory in Virginia and allowing the right to self-government.

Their plans went wrong, however, when severe weather at sea put them off course, forcing them to land outside the limits of the grant. Although the new patent has given them the title to the land, the Pilgrims have had to sort out the government question for themselves.

Fortunately, before disembarking, they had already entered into a solemn covenant with each other, which they call the Mayflower Compact.

The terms bind them, as a body, to form a government, and to abide by any laws it may make.

Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band

sergeant pepper lonely heart club band on June 01
Sergeant Pepper Lonely Heart Club Band

1967 The Beatles, indisputably the foremost British pop group of the decade, today released their new album, Sergeant Pepper’s Lonely Heart’s Club Band.

The new release, a distinctive blend of pop, symphonic and Indian musical forms is the greatest achievement in their creative output so far and looks set to become a Beatles classic.

Over the eight years since its beginnings in Liverpool, the group has continued to experiment, producing ever more inventive and sophisticated work, and its enormous contribution to the pop music industry cannot be overestimated.

1935 In the interests of road safety, the British government is introducing a test for would-be motorists.

The test will put drivers through their paces, checking how well they can maneuver a vehicle, how good their eyesight is, and how well they know the rules of the road.

1880 The inhabitants of New Haven, Connecticut, are today trying out a new public facility, the world’s first “public” telephone, located in the Connecticut Telephone Company office in the Yale Bank Building.

Those wishing to use the telephone must pay a toll to an attendant.

The Queen Celebrates Her Golden Jubilee

the queen celebrates her golden jubilee on June 01
The queen celebrates her golden jubilee on June 01

2002 Many Britons are taking part in wide-ranging celebrations to mark the Queen’s Golden Jubilee.

Today there is a classical prom on the grounds of Buckingham Palace, hosted by the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh.

The people’s Party begins on Monday with garden and street parties and a three-hour concert at the palace.

Irish band The Corrs will play at the Queen’s Golden Jubilee concert with many other artists as varied as Ozzy Osbourne and Will Young.

On Friday, a fleet of warships sailed into Chatham Historic Dockyard to take part in the three-day maritime and military celebration attended by Princess Royal.

On Tuesday, there will be a ceremonial procession in central London, the day the Jubilee weekend celebrations come to an end.

Royal Family Massacred in Nepal

2001 The Himalayan kingdom of Nepal has been thrown into deep crisis with the murders of 11 members of the Royal Family, including King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya, during a banquet.

Prince Dipendra, an heir to the throne, has been named as the killer.

It is believed he shot dead his parents and relatives, then turned the gun on himself.

There has been no official word about what triggered the violence, though reports suggest the incident followed an argument about the Prince’s choice of bride.

Although the Prince is gravely ill in hospital, royal tradition means he is the rightful successor to the throne.

King Birendra’s brother, Prince Gyanendra, has been appointed regent until the fate of the crown prince is known.

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