To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 03.
Events on June 03
Famous Birthdays on June 03
Quotes from Legend
Of course, I do have a slight advantage over the rest of you. It helps in a pinch to be able to remind your bride that you gave up a throne for her.
- Ex-king Edward VIII, who married Mrs. Simpson today, 1937.
Historical News on June 03
New Ship-Based Planes for US to Crack Japanese
1942 The Midway Islands, lying about 1,150 miles (1,850 km) west-northwest of Hawaii, are the scene of a new kind of warfare airborne attack between American and Japanese carrier-based planes.
After last month’s humiliating surrender of United States troops under the command of General Jonathan Wainwright, the Americans hope that this bold, new-style offensive will help them to reclaim the Pacific islands from the Japanese, who have established a massive military presence there.
If hopes are fulfilled, the Battle of Midway as it is being called could prove a turning point for the Allies in the Pacific war.
Lovelorn Abelard Guilty of Heresy
1140 The controversial views of leading French scholar Peter Abelard have landed him in serious trouble, in a dramatic verdict, a church court today has found him guilty of heresy.
Abelard is no stranger to controversy and this is just one in a series of confrontations with the Church.
Personal tragedy, too, has brought him the fame of another kind, though his celebrated love affair with his beautiful pupil, Heloise.
The discovery of the couple’s liaison so enraged Heloise’s uncle that he ordered Abelard’s castration.
After this brutal attack, the couple separated.
Abelard to become a monk and Heloise to become a monk and Heloise to enter a convent.
They did manage to renew contact some years later, however, in a series of letters.
Edward Weds Wallis, his Crown Rejected
1937 Former King Edward VIII of Great Britain and Ireland married his American bride, Wallis Warfield Simpson, in a ceremony in Paris today.
The marriage marks the end of a Royal scandal that rocked the nation.
Edward and Mrs. Simpson met in 1931.
His relationship with her caused a major rift in the Royal family and outraged the Church of England hierarchy.
Mrs. Simpson divorced last October and in November Edward – realizing that he might have to choose between his crown and the woman he loved told Prime Minister Baldwin that if he could not marry her and remain king, he was “prepared to go”.
A possible solution was suggested that would have been constitutionally acceptable, the couple could marry but Mrs. Simpson would not be given Royal status.
Given time, the idea might have won popular support had the story not become headline news in the British press soon afterward, forcing an instant decision.
Only a week later, in December 1936 less than a year after he was crowned Edward signed the papers of abdication.
The couple is now known as the Duke and Duchess of Windsor.
Only the Duke, however, will bear the title.
1965 Joined to his Gemini 4 spacecraft by a Space Age “umbilical cord”, astronaut Edward H. White today became the first American to take a walk in space.
The walk lasted 20 minutes and is part of a program investigating the effects of prolonged space flight on man.
German Franz Kafka Died Today
1924 German novelist and short writer Franz Kafka died today in a sanatorium at Kierling, near Vienna after losing his seven-year battle with tuberculosis.
With his pessimistic view of the world and of the despair and alienation of modern man, Kafka characteristically saw his illness as psychosomatic, a conspiracy between his head and his body to put an end to his internal anguish.
Kafka was always reluctant to publish and before his death, he exacted a promise from his friend Max Brod not to allow the publication of any more of his writings.
If this promise is honored, much of the work of a potential literary giant may be lost forever.