June 08 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 08.

June 08

Events on June 08

1376 Edward the Black Prince, son of Edward II of England, dies chronicler Jean Froissant says he will be deeply mourned for his noble qualities.

1847 In Britain, a new law limits women and children to a 10-hour working day.

1876 Death of George Sand, French novelist and sometime mistress of Chopin.

1914 London sees the first performance of Borodin’s opera Prince Igor to be staged outside Russia.

1928 Chiang Kai-Shek seizes Peking and ends the Chinese civil war.

1930 King Carol II of Romania is proclaimed king once more after returning from exile.

1969 Spanish dictator General Franco closes the border with Gibraltar in the hope of ruining its economy and thus wresting it from the British.

1979 Death of English actor Michael Wilding, former husband of Elizabeth Taylor.

1982 Jaren Pate, the estranged fourth wife of Jerry Lee Lewis, drowns in a swimming pool.

1986 Kurt Waldheim becomes President of Austria despite growing evidence that he collaborated with the Nazis in World War II.

Famous Birthdays on June 08

Robert Schumann 1810, German composer.

Sir John Millais 1829, English painter who was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and was the most popular with the general public.

Frank Lloyd Wright 1867, American architect whose buildings include the Guggenheim Museum in New York.

Professor Sir Francis Crick 1916, British biologist who, with J.D. Watson discovered the structure of DNA.

Nancy Sinatra 1940, American singer, daughter of Frank.

Quotes from Legend

Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil, in its worst state, an intolerable one.

- Thomas Paine, British writer and political philosopher, who died today, 1809.

Historical News on June 08

Prophet’s Blissful Abode

632 CE Mohammed, prophet, and founder of Islam, died today in Mecca.

Mohammed took up his calling late in life, at 40, a revelation from Allah convinced him that he must spread the word of the one true god, and he began to forge the new religion.

By the time of his death, and after several jihads (holy wars), most of the Arab peninsula had come to accept Islam, with Mohammed as its leader.

Central to the Islamic message is a belief in the afterlife, in which the goodwill be rewarded by entry to Paradise, Mohammed will now pass into that “blissful abode garden and vineyard” where there will be “girls with swelling breasts, and a brimming cup, a recompense from the Lord”.

King’s Killer Caught in London

1968 A man was arrested in London for the killing of black civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King last April.

James Earl Ray, an escaped convict, is accused of firing the fatal shots that killed Dr. King as he came out onto the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee.

Dr. King was in the city to support a strike of local dustmen.

Profoundly influenced by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, King insisted that protest should be non-violent, yet since he came to prominence in the civil rights movement in 1955 it was always on the cards that he himself would meet a violent end.

He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

His funeral was held in his birthplace of Atlanta, Georgia, and was attended by 1,50,000 people.

“Angel of Death” is Dead

Nazi Joseph Mengele known as Angel of death on June 08
Nazi Joseph Mengele known as Angel of death

1985 A skeleton dug up by Brazilian police today is said to be that of arch-Nazi Joseph Mengele, the man known as the sinister “Angel of Death”.

Camp doctor at Auschwitz from 1943 to 1945, Mengele was notorious for the medical experiments he performed on inmates.

After escaping from capture by the British after the war, Mengele went to the ground.

He surfaced for a time in West Germany and then, in 1951, appeared in Buenos Aires, going by the name of “Gregorio Gregori”.

He later moved to Paraguay, where he was granted citizenship, but since that time his whereabouts, or his fate, remain unknown.

1978 New Zealander Naomi James today became the first woman to sail solo around the world, having set out from Dartmouth in England on September 9, 1977, in Express Crusader.

Brains Behind the American Revolution

Thomas Paine dead on June 08
Thomas Paine dead today on June 08

1809 Thomas Paine, guiding light of the American Revolution and one of the most influential thinkers of the age, died in New York City today.

Through his writings, Paine inspired and revived the nation’s morale during the dark days of America’s fight for independence from Britain.

His famous pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776 and including the words, “The cause of America is in great measure the cause of all mankind” sold more than 1,00,000 copies in three months.

The American Crisis, published later in the same year, is credited with contributing to American success at the Battle of Trenton.

While in France, Paine wrote The Rights of Man, a defense of the French revolution that earned him the brand “traitor” in his native Britain.

Although a supporter of the revolutionary cause, he was opposed to the execution of Louis XVI, this aroused radical suspicions and landed him in the Luxembourg Prison, where he worked on the statement of his religious beliefs, The Age of Reason, published after his release.

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