June 12 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 12.

June 12

Events on June 12

1458 Magdalene College, Oxford, was founded.

1667 Jean-Baptiste Denys personal physician to Louis XIV successfully transfuses the blood of a sheep to a 15-year-old boy.

1809 Pope Pius VII excommunicates Napoleon Bonaparte.

1897 An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1Mw strikes Assam in India. It is felt over 6,50,000 sq., km from Myanmar to New Delhi.

1917 King Constantine of Greece abdicates.

1930 The Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay over the vast Gran Chaco region comes to an end after claiming 1,00,000 lives.

1963 Civil rights lawyer Medgar Evers is murdered by white segregationists in Mississippi.

1965 The Beatles are each awarded an MBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honors List.

1979 American Bryan Allen pedals his way across the Channel in a man-powered aircraft to win a £1,00,000 ($1,85,000) prize.

1982 Death of Dame Marie Rambert, Polish-born ballet dancer and teacher who founded the Ballet Rambert in London.

1997 The Globe Theatre opens its doors on the South Bank, London.

2003 Death of Gregory Peck, Hollywood actor.

Famous Birthdays on June 12

Charles Kingsley 1819, English clergyman who wrote The Water Babies and Westward Ho!

George Bush 1924, American Republican politician and president.

Vic Damone 1928, American singer who had his biggest hit with “The Street Where You Live” from My Fair Lady.

Anne Frank 1929, Dutch Jewish schoolgirl who, in hiding from the Nazis, wrote her famous diary before her death in a German concentration camp.

Quotes from Legend

Once in the racket you’re always in it.

- Al Capone, Chicago gangster, charged today with 5,000 prohibition offences, 1931.

Historical News on June 12

The Untouchables Finger AL Capone

The Untouchables finger AL Capone on June 11
The Untouchables finger AL Capone

1931 The days of notorious gangland chief Al Capone may, at last, be numbered.

Today, in their crackdown on the bootleggers, the Chicago police elite is known as the “Untouchables” closed in, charging him with 5000 offenses under America’s Prohibition laws.

Also known as “Scarface” because of a razor slash on his left cheek, Capone has dominated the gangland scene since the infamous St Valentine’s Day Massacre in 1929, when his henchmen, dressed as policemen, gunned down seven rival gang members.

Capone’s underworld empire has profited from gambling and prostitution, but its main income has been from bootlegging.

In 1927, the man that started life in Naples the son of a poor barber is said to have amassed a fortune close to $100 million (£54 million).

New Sport With Bases And Ball Could Catch on in USA

1839 A new kind of ball game was played today at Cooperstown, NY.

Known as “baseball” because of its four-base infield, it is said to be the invention of Abner Doubleday, who is teaching local military cadets how to play.

The game uses a softball to avoid injury.

One way of putting out a player running from base to base is for a fielder to hit him with the ball.

Although Cooperstown would life to claim all the glory for giving America a totally new sport, some have their doubts.

Baseball, it seems, bears a striking resemblance to the American children’s game Old Cat and the English rounders, and may simply be an adaptation of these earlier forms.

1991 The people of Leningrad have shown that they believe in the importance of “What’s in a name?”

In a referendum today they voted by 55 percent to 43 percent to change the name of their city bank to St Petersburg, a name by which it has not been known since pre-Revolution days.

The move is indicative of the radical changes in Outlook taking place in Russia.

“Two years ago people would not have supported the idea,” says mayor Anatoli Sobchak.

Street signs will be amended, but it will take time for people to use the new name.

Russians Go To Vote In First Democratic Election

Russians Go To Vote In First Democratic Election Boris Yeltsin
Born Yeltsin

1991 The people of Russia are making history today as they go to the polls in the country’s first-ever democratic elections.

As they cast their votes, frontrunner Boris Yeltsin is sweating it out, waiting to hear whether he has gained the 51 percent share of the vote that he needs to make it through the first round.

Yeltsin is one of six candidates.

Individually, none of the others is likely to get a big enough vote to defeat him, but their combined share could present problems.

Yeltsin supporters say that the other candidates have a subversive purpose in mind and are standing only to undermine his chances of becoming president.

Indian PM Gandhi May Have Fixed Victory

1975 A shocking verdict in Allahabad, India today has caused a political scandal and a crisis of confidence in the country’s leadership.

A judge in Allahabad, the home constituency of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, has ruled that her landslide victory in 1971 was invalid because civil servants illegally aided her campaign.

Mrs. Gandhi, who came to power in 1966, is the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister after the country gained independence from Britain in 1947.

Today’s verdict has brought angry calls for Mrs. Gandhi’s resignation, and she is now faced with the biggest political storm of her career.

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