June 13 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 13.

June 13

Events on June 13

323 BCE Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, who came to the throne at the age of only 20 and conquered Persia, Egypt, Babylon, central Asia and part of India, died aged 33 returning from India.

1842 Queen Victoria becomes the first British monarch to travel by train when she takes a trip from Slough to Paddington.

1893 The first women’s golf championship was held at Royal Lytham in Britain and was won by Lady Margaret Scott.

1930 Sir Henry Segrave, who broke the British land and water speed records, is killed when his speed boat capsizes at 98 mph (158 kph) on Lake Windermere in northern England.

1951 Princess Elizabeth, heir to the British throne, lays the foundation stone of the National Theatre on the South Bank in London.

1956 Real Madrid win the first European Cup in Paris, beating Stade de Reims 4-3.

1988 The first beauty contest was held in the Soviet Union.

1989 Mikhail Gorbachev and Chancellor Kohl agree that East and West Germany should be reunited.

Famous Birthdays on June 13

William Butler Yeats 1865, Irish poet, dramatist and co-founder of the Abbey Theatre in Dublin.

Elizabeth Schumann 1888, German-born soprano who excelled in the music of Mozart and Richard Strauss.

Basil Rathbone 1892, South African-born English actor who played Sherlock Holmes in 14 films and villains in many others.

Dorothy L. Sayers 1893, English writer of detective stories and creator of the aristocratic sleuth Lord Peter Wimsey.

Don Budge 1915, American tennis champion, the first amateur to win the Grand Slam.

Maninder Singh 1965, Indian left-arm spinner who played in 35 Test matches from 1982 to 1993.

Quotes from Legend

So great did she care for freedom that she died for it. So dearly did she love women that she offered her life as their ransom. That is the verdict given at the great Inquest of the Nation on the death of Emily Wilding Davison.

- Christabel Pankhurst on Emily Davison, who died protesting for her cause June 4, 1913.

Historical News on June 13

Mad King Ludwig in Suicide Riddle

1886 King Ludwig II of Bavaria and his physician drowned today in Lake Starnberg, near Munich.

Death is being treated as suicide.

The king has had a history of mental disorders and was declared insane earlier this month.

His struggle with homosexuality, as revealed in his diaries, must also have added to his psychological distress.

Ludwig ascended the throne at 18, in 1864.

A devoted patron of the composer Richard Wagner, the King spent much of his energy in building magnificent, fairy-tale castles and staging extravagant artistic performances.

Workers March Against Poll Tax

Workers march against poll tax on June 13
Workers march against poll tax

1381 Flemish merchants were killed and the Savoy Palace home of John of Gaunt, the king’s uncle was burnt down as a crowd of angry peasants marched on London today.

The marchers, agricultural workers from Kent and Essex in southeast England were led by Walter “Wat” Tyler.

Urban workers are also said to have joined the marchers, and similar protests are being launched in East Anglia.

Although economic unrest has been brewing since the 1350s, it is the unpopular new tax “poll tax” that finally brought matters to a head today.

The workers are also angry about the imposition of a maximum wage.

Labour is in short supply since the ravages of the Black Death, and the new wage restrictions limit worker’s payment claims.

Today’s protest has taken the government by surprise and the peasants are in no mood to be ignored.

There seems little doubt, however, that this “Peasants Revolt” will be crushed, putting little pressure on the King to make changes.

1774 Rhode Island has become the first American colony to ban the importation of slaves and to assure their freedom.

The new act, passed today by the General Assembly in Newport.

States, “No Negro nor mulatto slave shall be brought in to this colony, and in case any slave shall be brought in, he or she shall be, rendered immediately free.”

Doodle Bugs Batter London

1944 London came under shock attack today as Hitler let loose a devastating new weapon on the city.

The so-called V-1 flying bomb, or “doodlebug”, as it has been nicknamed, is a long-range device that can be launched safely from within enemy territory.

Traveling at lightning speed, it moves too fast for anti-craft guns to target it accurately, and its super-power warhead is likely to bring down any fighter plane attempting to intercept it.

Nazi scientists are said to have been working on the bomb for some time, but British intelligence has not known where it was being made or when it would be used.

Ultimately the only way to deal with it may be to discover and destroy its launch sites.

Boxers Fight for China’s Pride

Boxers fight for China's pride
Boxers fight for China's pride

1900 A group of volunteer soldiers known as the Boxers went on the rampage through Peking today in protest against the “foreign devils” who have such a hold on their country.

Weakened by a century of conflict both internal and external China has, over the years, agreed to a series of treaties that have given away large slices of the national cake to foreign powers, notably the United States, Europe, and Japan. Resentment against the terms of these treaties has, until now, only bubbled below the surface, events today, said to have been actively encouraged by the Chinese authorities, show just how deep Chinese anger really is.

Leave a Reply