June 14 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 14.

June 14

Events on June 14

1755 Dr. Johnson’s Dictionary goes on sale at £4 10s for the two volumes.

1800 Napoleon’s forces vanquish the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo.

1814 The Netherlands and Belgium are united by the Treaty of London.

1839 A regatta was held for the first time at Henley-on-Thames, Oxford shire.

1917 German planes bomb London for the first time.

1927 Death of Jerome K. Jerome, author of the comic novel Three Men in a Boat.

1936 Death of G.K. Chesterton, British novelist, essayist and poet who published more than 100 volumes.

1940 German troops march into Paris.

1946 Death of John Logie Baird, British electrical engineer who invented an early form of television as well as radar and fiber optics.

1964 Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment.

1983 Protests erupt in Santiago against the regime of Chilean dictator General Pinochet.

1990 In Bucharest, Romania, street battles break out between students demanding democracy and miners providing support for the interim government of Iliescu.

Famous Birthdays on June 14

Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811, American novelist who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin to draw attention to the plight of the slaves.

Burl Ives 1909, American singer and actor who won an Oscar for The Big Country.

Sam Wanamaker 1919, American actor and director.

Che Guevara 1928, Argentinian born revolutionary who fought with Fidel Castro’s forces and then moved on to guerrilla warfare in Bolivia.

Steffi Graf 1969, German tennis star who won the Wimbledon women’s singles title at 19.

Quotes from Legend

When was a war not a war? When it was carried on by methods of barbarism.

- Henry Campbell Bannerman refers to the Boer War, 1901.

Historical News on June 14

Cromwell Leads Decisive Victory

Cromwell leads decisive victory on June 14
Cromwell leads decisive victory

1645 Parliamentary troops under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell are reported to have inflicted a heavy defeat on Prince Rupert’s Royalist forces at Naseby, 20 miles (32 km) south of Leicester in the English Midlands.

After a pursuit by Cromwell, the opposing armies took up positions on the ridges flanking the valley of Broadmoor 10,000 Royalists facing 14,000 of Cromwell’s men.

The Royalists successfully attacked Cromwell’s left-wing, but then made the fatal error of pursuing the fleeing Parliamentarians.

Cromwell seized his chance to regroup the right flank of his cavalry to make a crushing assault on the Royalist center, routing Prince Rupert’s army and scoring a decisive Parliamentary victory in the Civil War.

1789 After drifting an incredible 3,500 miles (5,600 km) in an open boat, Captain Bligh and 18 loyal crew members put ashore at the island of Timor today.

Bligh captained the 215-ton Bounty on its voyage from Tahiti to the West Indies with a cargo of breadfruit trees.

Tensions on board erupted when the vessel reached the Friendly Islands and large numbers of the crew, led by Fletcher Christian, mutinied.

Argentines Surrender: Falklands back to Britain

1982 “Britain is great again,” boasted Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher as Argentinian troops today surrendered to the British commander of land forces in the Falklands.

The surrender marks the end of a six-week conflict that has cost 254 British and 750 Argentinian lives.

The conflict began on April 2 when, in a continuing dispute with Britain over the sovereignty of the Islands, Argentina invaded the Falklands and, on the following day, South Georgia.

A large British task force was immediately dispatched on the three-week voyage to the South Atlantic.

Despite diplomatic attempts by the United States and others to prevent hostilities, fighting began later that month.

Notable losses were the sinking of the General Belgrano, Argentina’s second-largest warship, 30 miles (48 km) south of the 200-miles (48 km) south of the 200-mile (320 km) exclusion zone imposed by Britain around the Islands and the British destroyer HMS Sheffield, which was struck by an Argentinian Exocet missile.

Suffragette Sacrifice

1913 Bearing banners with the words “Fight on and God will give the victory”, suffragettes today attended the funeral of Emily Davison, who was killed by King George V’s horse at the Epsom Derby earlier this month.

Davison grabbed the reins of the horse as it thundered towards the winning post, intending only to publicize the suffragette cause votes for women but her bid for publicity went horribly wrong. Today’s funeral was not attended by Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst, founder of the British movement, who is in prison.

In the face of the stubborn and patronizing attitude of Liberal Prime Minister Asquith and his government, the suffragettes have adopted an increasingly violent strategy including pouring acid into letterboxes.

Such tactics have not endeared them to the populace, but the force-feeding of suffragettes on hunger strike in prison has aroused great public sympathy.

Queen Knights Sir Ronnie

Queen knights sir Ronnie on June 14
Queen knights sir Ronnie

1989 Former governor of California and US President Ronald Reagan today received another honor when he was given a knighthood by Queen Elizabeth.

As President of the United States, Reagan was one of the architects of the new cordiality between East and West and has personally met Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev on several occasions to have talks on disarmament.

During his 1988 visit to Britain, he called for “a newer world of freedom and individual rights for all”.

The new knight retired from the presidential office in January of this year, being succeeded by George Bush.

He had been US President since 1980.

At 73, he was the oldest man to be elected to office.

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