June 19 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 19.

June 19

Events on June 19

1312 Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall and favorite of King Edward II, is beheaded at Deddington at the instigation of the Earl of Warwick.

1790 The French Assembly abolishes hereditary nobility.

1820 Sir Joseph Banks, British botanist and explorer who made around the world trip with Captain Cook, dies aged 77.

1924 British climber George Mallory, who wanted to climb Everest “because it’s there”, disappears 1,000 ft. (305 m) from the summit.

1935 The British government overrides the Treaty of Versailles, signed at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, by agreeing to allow Germany a massive increase in its naval strength.

1963 In Britain, the contraceptive pill is made available to women free under the National Health Service.

1993 Death of Sir William Golding, author of Lord of the Flies and The Spire, and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1997 An Indian cargo ship, the M.V. Arcadia Pride, sinks in inclement weather seven nautical miles off Colaba, Mumbai, leaving four sailors dead and 20 missing.

Famous Birthdays on June 19

James I 1556, English monarch, son of Mary, Queen of Scots and Lord Darnley, the first Stuart King of England and Ireland and, as James VI, King of Scotland.

Blaise Pascal 1623, French mathematician, physician and theologian who invented the first calculating machine.

Charles Coburn 1877, American actor who won an Oscar for The More the Merrier.

Joshua Nkomo 1917, Zimbabwean politician.

Salman Rushdie 1947, British novelist whose book The Satanic Verses led to a death sentence from Ayatollah Khomeini.

Quotes from Legendary

Longevity is the revenge of talent upon genius.

- Cyril Connolly, British journalist, in the Sunday Times, 1966.

Quotes from Legendary

Some of my plays peter out, and some pan out.

- J.M. Barrie, who died today, 1937.

Historical News on June 19

Sir Robert Tells London Police: Keep em Peeled

sir robert peel bow street runners on June 19
sir robert peel bow street runners

1829 Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel founded the London Metropolitan Police today.

The newly restructured force has been modelled along the lines of the highly respected Irish constabulary.

The measures Sir Robert is taking to reform and humanize the criminal law particularly those parts of it that relate to offences against property and offences punishable by death are earning him much praise.

As one prominent liberal Whig has said, Peel can rightly claim that all his legislation has sought “some mitigation of the severity of the criminal law, some prevention of abuse in the exercise of it, or some security for its impartial administration.”

Solid Solidarity

1989 The second round of the elections to a new Polish bicameral National Assembly was held today.

In the first round, the Solidarity Citizens gained 92 of the new 100 seats in the Senate, as well as all its seats in the Sejm.

Today it won all but one seat. In the first round, the Government’s National List of 35 candidates failed with two exceptions to win the necessary 50 percent of the vote to retain their seats.

Solidarity’s spectacular success in these elections reflects the bitterness the Polish people feel towards the 40 years of Communist rule.

At Elysian Fields it’s a Whole New Ball Game

1846 The Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey, today provided the venue for the first-ever official baseball match.

The New York and the Knickerbockers played according to rules set out by Mr. Alexander J. Cartwright.

New York defeated the Knickerbockers 23-1 in four innings. The field has 90-ft (27-m) baselines, and the batsman stands at home plate.

Cartwright’s rules prohibit the retirement of a runner by “plugging” – hitting him with a thrown ball while off base.

Balls caught on the first bounce constitute an out and runs are called “aces”.

No Clemency for Rosenberg

Julius Rosenburg his wife Ethel on June 19
Julius Rosenburg his wife Ethel

1953 35-year-old Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel, 37, were sent to the electric chair at Sing Sing tonight accused of passing atom bomb secrets to the Russians.

While thousands worldwide continued to protest, President Eisenhower turned down a final plea for clemency.

“They have received the benefit of our justice.

I cannot intervene,” he said, adding that their crimes were “worse than murder”.

Rosenberg’s guilt which they have never admitted to is seriously doubted throughout the world.

Prison officials reported that they made no last requests, either for visitors or for a special last supper.

Peter Pan’s Creator Dies

1937 J.M. Barrie, the man who created the “boy who never grew up”, died today aged 77.

Born in Kirriemuir, Scotland, he settled in London when he was 25.

Sir James Matthew Barrie wrote many books and plays, among which are Quality Street, What Every Woman Knows, Dear Brutus, and Mary Rose.

His most famous and best-loved work, however, was the children’s play Peter Pan which he wrote in 1904.

Barrie was made a Bart in 1913 and received the Order of Merit in 1922.


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