June 20 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 20.

June 20

Events on June 20

1597 Dutch navigator Willem Barents, who led three expeditions to find the northwest passage and discovered Spitsbergen on his final trip, dies at sea on the return voyage.

1837 18-year-old Victoria accedes to the English throne on the death of her uncle, William IV.

1858 The Gwalior Fort is captured by British troops and India’s First War of Independence officially comes to an end.

1863 West Virginia, the Panhandle State, became the 36th state of the Union.

1887 Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee is celebrated all over Britain and the Empire.

1949 American tennis player “Gorgeous Gussie” Moran created a sensation at Wimbledon by exposing lace-trimmed panties under her short skirt.

1960 American Floyd Patterson knocks out the Swede Ingmar Johansson to become the first boxer to regain the world heavyweight title.

1990 Nelson Mandela gets a ticker-tape welcome in New York.

Famous Birthdays on June 20

Jacques Offenbach 1819, German-born composer who lived and worked in France, producing a series of popular operettas such as Orpheus in the Underworld and one grand opera, The Tales of Hoffman.

Catherine Cookson 1906, British novelist, immensely prolific and immensely popular.

Errol Flynn 1909, Tasmanian actor who specialized in swashbuckling and war hero roles.

Lionel Richie 1949, American singer and songwriter best known for “Say You, Say Me” and “All Night Long (All Night)”.

Nicole Kidman 1967 Australian Oscar-winning actress, who first married Tom Cruise and then Keith Urban.

Star of films such as Moulin Rouge and The Hours.

Quotes from Legendary

If I had not been born Peron, I would have liked to be Peron.

- Juan Peron, returning to Argentina as President after 20 years in exile, 1973.

Historical News on June 20

Film Murder Anger US

1979 American TV reporter Bill Stewert was gunned down by Nicaraguan national Guardsmen today as he walked towards a roadblock with a white flag in one hand and his official yellow press card in the other.

He had been asked to get more action shots, so left his film crew accompanied by his Nicaraguan driver and interpreter.

Suddenly one of the guardsmen ordered him first to kneel, then lie on the ground.

As Stewert compiled, he shot him in the head. The sequence was filmed and relayed on American TV, shocking the nation.

It is expected that President Carter will review the question of American support to the regime.

Classic Red Bus Terminates Here

1990 The Route master, the world-famous London double-decker bus, is to be phased out because of old age, it was announced today.

In its 30 years of faithful service, the red “open platform” bus has become a tourist attraction in its own right, and passengers in a hurry have come to rely on being able to hop on and off the bus.

But despite cannibalizing even older buses for spare parts, London Regional Transport is finding it an increasing struggle to keep the fleet on the road.

“The problem is that earlier models are developing fundamental faults that cannot easily be repaired,” a spokesman said.

The news has saddened a lot of people, the Route master is universally acknowledged to be the “best-designed bus of all times”.

Broadway Hot for Satchmo and Fats

Louis Armstrong music on June 20
Louis Armstrong

1930 The vogue for black music continues and people can’t seem to get enough of it.

Fats Waller and Louis Armstrong took New York by storm tonight when their hit revue, Hot Chocolates, opened on Broadway.

Hot Chocolates, which takes its title from the 12 gorgeous dancers who feature in the show, first opened at Connie’s Inn in May 1929 and critics couldn’t praise it enough.

Armstrong is at his gravelly best singing “Ain’t Misbehavin”, and special praise must also go to Jazz Lips Richardson and his colleague Baby Cox.

Pianist and vocalist Thomas “Fats” Waller takes credit for several of the excellent songs.

Black Hole Horror

1756 Of the 146 British men thrown into Calcutta’s notorious Black Hole prison today, only 23 have survived into the night.

The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud Daulah, attacked the English settlement in Calcutta because he feared invasion.

Reports had reached him that the English in Bengal had fortified their settlements without his permission and were abusing the trading privileges granted by the Imperial firman of 1717.

The Black Hole measures only 18 ft by 14 ft (5.4 m by 4.2 m) in size.

Steamship Cracks The Atlantic

1819 The first steamship to cross the Atlantic or any ocean at all, for that matter arrived in a tumultuous welcome in Liverpool, England today.

The Savannah sailed from Savannah, Georgia, and took 25 days to make the momentous crossing.

The Savannah is 98 ft (27 m) long and her 90-horsepower engine is fuelled by wood and coal.

She is also equipped with sails.

During the crossing, the crew regularly unfurled the sails when the engine was shut down to clean the salt from her boilers.

This magnificent and innovative vessel was built by an American, Moses Rogers, for the express purpose of discovering if steamships can be considered practicable for oceangoing voyages.

The Savannah’s success has proved that they most certainly can!

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