June 21 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 21.

June 21

Events on June 21

1377 Edward III of England dies after a reign studded with successful military ventures.

1527 Italian political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli dies aged 58.

1675 The construction of Sir Christopher Wren’s St Paul’s Cathedral in London begins.

1788 The US constitution comes into force.

1796 Scottish explorer Mungo Park reaches the River Niger.

1843 The Royal College of Surgeons was founded in Britain.

1852 Death of Friedrich Froebel, German educationist who founded the first kindergarten in 1837 at Blankenburg.

1868 Richard Wagner’s opera Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg is premiered in Munich.

1876 Mexican soldier and statesman Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, best known for his defeat of the Texans at the Alamo, dies in poverty-stricken exile.

1908 Death of Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, best known for Scheherazade.

1908 A suffragette demonstration in London attracts 20,000 supporters.

1919 The 27 vessels of the German fleet interned at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys are scuttled by their crews.

1942 General Rommel’s troops take 25,000 Allied prisoners at Tobruk, on the Libyan coast.

1970 Tony Jacklin becomes the first British golfer to win the US open in 50 years.

1988 The Burmese government imposes a curfew as the regime totters in the face of student protests.

Famous Birthdays on June 21

Jean-Paul Sartre 1905, French philosopher, novelist, dramatist, and critic who propounded the philosophy of existentialism.

Mary McCarthy 1912, American novelist, critic, and journalist, whose work includes Memories of a Catholic Girlhood.

Quotes from Legendary

For painters, poets and builders have very high flights, but they must be kept down.

- Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, in a letter to the Duchess of Bedford, written in 1734.

Quotes from Legendary

We have to believe in free will. We’ve got no choice.

- Polish-born US writer, Isaac Bashevis Singer, 1982.

Historical News on June 21

Brazil Wins Soccer Trophy For Ever

1970 Brazil carried off their third world cup in a thrilling match in Mexico today.

Pele opened the scoring with a header, but it was Gerson’s goal in the 65th minute a left-footer no goalkeeper in the world would have saved which triggered off a dazzling display of Brazil’s real talents.

Pele, Tostao, Jairzinho, and Rivelino all played with sublime artistry.

When Carlos Alberto scored the last goal three minutes from time, the crowd responded with an ovation as ecstatic as the players would have got in their home city of Rio.

Brazil’s third triumphant victory means the Jules Rimet Trophy has found a permanent home.

It’s a Boy!

1982 The Princess of Wales gave birth to a lusty, 7 Ib (3.1 kg) blue-eyed prince in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, today.

Prince Charles, who emerged two hours later, described his son as having “sort of blondish hair, though it’ll probably turn into something else later on”.

He said that both mother and baby were doing extremely well, but “the Princess is a little tired as it has been a long time”.

Diana, 21 next week, was in labor for just over 16 hours.

The new prince is second in line to the throne after his father.

French King Foiled in Vain Escape Plan

French King foiled in vain escape plan on June 21
French King foiled in vain escape plan

1791 The escape plan of Louis XVI of France and his family was foiled as members of the National Guard caught the fugitive king at Varennes and brought him back to Paris today.

He had been attempting to get away to safety across the country’s easter border.

This final act of foolishness has undermined the King’s credibility as a constitutional monarch, and the National Assembly has suspended his powers.

Clearly underestimating the strength of popular demands for economic and administrative reforms, the King has allowed himself to be dominated by reactionary forces within the aristocracy.

His reluctance to sanction the achievements of the National Assembly such as the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen and the dismantling of the feudal regime reveals a serious lack of foresight.

The King is now in an extremely precarious position.

Earthquake Smashes Iran

1990 More than 25,000 people are reported killed and tens of thousands injured in the earthquake that struck north-western Iran near the Caspian Sea today.

Hundreds of towns and villages have been razed to the ground and huge areas are without water or electricity.

The quake, 7.3 on the Richter scale, lasted more than a minute and struck an area estimated at 40,000 square miles (1,04,000 sq km).

Rescue operations are being hampered by aftershocks, mudslides, and flooding caused by damaged dams.

President Rafsanjani declared three days of national mourning and appealed to citizens to help dig survivors from the wreckage.

Iran will accept aid from any source except Israel and South Africa.

Stonehenge Solstice Threat Eclipsed

Stonehenge solstice threat eclipsed on June 21
Stonehenge solstice threat eclipsed

1989 Police mounted a £1 million ($1.8 million) operation at Stonehenge today to combat the expected invasion of thousands of hippies for the summer solstice.

To avoid a repetition of last year’s violent invasion of Stonehenge for a festival 800 police were laid on.

But the dreaded invasion never materialized.

Only about 400 travelers tried to reach the ancient stones, of which only six actually succeeded in touching them.

1652 Inigo Jones, the famous architect who founded the classic English tradition of architecture, died today.

Son of a humble clothworker, he was patronized by Queen Anne and members of the aristocracy including the Earl of Salisbury, for whom he designed the New Exchange at the Strand.

He also designed mosques and major buildings for Charles I.

It is generally agreed that Jones’s crowning achievement is the magnificent Banqueting House in Whitehall.


  1. Tawanda Perrigan September 18, 2021
  2. Idell Riggs September 26, 2021

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