To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 22.
Events on June 22
Famous Birthdays on June 22
Quotes from Legendary
When Barbarossa commences, the world will hold its breath and make no comment.
- Adolf Hitler referring to the planned invasion of Russia, codenamed Operation Barbarossa, 1941.
Historical News on June 23
End of The Rainbow
1969 American singer Judy Garland was found dead in the bathroom of her Belgravia mews home in London this morning.
An empty box of sleeping pills was also discovered.
Miss Garland’s husband, who found the body, said they had spent a quiet evening at home watching the BBC program Royal Family.
Born Frances Gumm, 47-year-old Garland shot to instant stardom for her portrayal of Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz when she was 17 and the song from the film “Over the Rainbow” became her trademark.
Despite her success, Miss Garland’s life was rocked by illness, lawsuits, and broken marriages.
She leaves three children.
Louis KO echoes world tensions
1938 Joe Louis celebrated his first anniversary as heavyweight champion by knocking out German Max Schmeling in the first round of their New York fight today.
It was the “Brown Bomber’s” sweet revenge for the knock-out defeat Schmeling dealt him in the twelfth round of their 1936 contest and a resounding smack in the eye for Hitler, who hailed Schmeling’s victory as evidence of Aryan racial superiority! Louis, the 24-year-old son of a cotton picker, was born in Lafayette, Alabama.
He turned professional after the 1934 national amateur championships.
He is a powerful fighter, and there is speculation that he will be the greatest heavyweight ever.
1939 Today, eight days after German troops entered Paris, the French formally surrendered to German.
President Petain’s request for an armistice was transmitted to Hitler on the night of June 16.
Hitler’s terms were delivered to the French envoys two days later.
Talks between the two countries took place while German troops continued to advance through the Loire.
On June 22, however, the French bowed their heads and accepted all of Hitler’s terms.
The bitter event took place in Marshall Foch’s old railway carriage in the forest of Compiegne, the same used by the French to humiliate the Germans when they accepted their surrender in 1918.
Magic Bullets Target Sex Disease
1910 Paul Ehrlich, the German bacteriologist, and immunologist, announced the definitive cure for syphilis today.
The renowned scientist, the winner with Elie Metchnikov of the 1908 Nobel Prize for physiology, has discovered that certain substances are capable of functioning as “magic bullets”, attacking specific bacteria in the body while leaving the rest of the organism unharmed.
The “magic bullet” against syphilis micro-organisms is an arsenical compound called Salvarsan.
Mr. Ehrlich was appointed director of the Royal Institute for Experimental Therapy at Frankfurt in 1906.
1987 Fred Astaire, one of America’s best-loved entertainers, has died at the age of 88.
He began his career as a music hall dancer and went on to make films, notably the musicals of the 1930s in which he danced with Ginger Rogers.
Do they include Top Hat and Shall We Dance?
He later co-starred with Judy Garland, Lesley Caron, and Audrey Hepburn.
Explorer Cast Adrift to Die
1611 Early this morning the explorer Henry Hudson was bundled into a shallop by his mutinous crew and set adrift without food or water to die in the open sea.
This act was the barbaric conclusion of Hudson’s fourth attempt to find the North-west Passage to the Orient. Hudson left England on April 17, 1610, in the sailing ship Discovery.
His roughneck crew was troublesome and rebellious particularly during the hardships of the bitter Arctic night when the ship went into winter quarters in James Bay, Canada.
Hudson’s eldest son was set adrift with him.
There is very little hope of finding the craft in time.