June 26 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 26.

June 26

Events on June 26

363 CE Roman emperor Julian the Apostate, the first non-Christian emperor since Constantine, dies of spear wounds inflicted during a battle with the Persians.

1830 King Geroge IV of England dies and his brother William IV takes the throne.

1857 The new military honour the Victoria Cross is awarded by Queen Victoria to 62 servicemen at a ceremony in Hyde Park, London.

1906 The first Grand Prix was held at Le Mans.

1913 Emily Dawson becomes the first female magistrate in London.

1930 Joseph Stalin announces that his murderous purges are “purifying” the Soviet Union.

1959 Ingemar Johansson becomes the first Swedish heavyweight boxing champion when he knocks out Floyd Patterson in New York.

1984 Death of Carl Foreman, American writer, producer and director whose films include The Bridge on the River Kwai, High Noon and The Guns of Navarone.

1990 The IRA bombed the Carlton Club in London, a popular haunt of Conservative MPs.

1995 Madhya Pradesh in India is declared a “tiger state” as it contains one-sixth of the world’s tiger population.

2007 UNESCO designated the Galapagos Islands an endangered heritage site.

Famous Birthdays on June 26

Pearl S. Buck 1892, American novelist best-known for The Good Earth.

Willy Messerschmitt 1898, German aircraft designer best known for his World War II planes.

Peter Lorre 1904, Hungarian born actor whose many films include Crime and Punishment, The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca.

Laurie Lee 1914, British poet and author of the autobiographies Cider with Rosie and As I Walked Out One Midsummer Morning.

Historical News on June 26

Human Genome Draft Completed

2000 A historical landmark has been reached as scientists announce that they have completed a rough draft of the human genome.

Researchers across the world have worked for over a decade to decipher the biochemical instructions required to build and maintain the human body.

They have determined the exact sequence of the three billion individual chemical building blocks that make up DNA, the long, double-stranded molecule which is hidden in the nuclei of nearly all cells.

Even though the DNA code will require decades of further study, it will allow doctors to diagnose diseases much earlier, and help pharmaceutical companies design drugs tailored to individual patients.

Conquistador Dies

Conquistador dies on June 26
Conquistador dies

1544 The Spanish conqueror of Peru, Francisco Pizarro, was attacked and killed in his house in Lima today.

His assassins were followers of a fellow adventurer, Diego de Almagro, with whom Pizarro had quarreled and whom he later had executed.

Pizarro’s conquest of Peru was funded by the Spanish emperor Charles V.

He will be remembered as a ruthless, greedy, and ambitious man who played a major part in crushing the fabled Inca Empire.

V&A Opens Its Doors

1909 The Victoria and Albert Museum opened its doors in southwest London today.

The history of this museum of Ornamental Art, moved from Marlborough House to its present site in South Kensington in 1857 to become part of a collective museum of science and art.

Today the science collection and the art collection have been formally separated and the new Victoria and Albert Museum now houses the art collection alone.

There are pictures, drawings, and objects of art of every description, with collections from all over the world including Japan, China, and Persia.

There is also a whole section devoted to Indian art.

India’s First World Cup Win

1939 Prolific British novelist Ford Madox Ford has died.

During his lifetime he wrote 80 or more novels, books of criticism, and memoirs, including The Good Soldiers and the tetralogy Parade’s End.

He founded the English Review and, in Paris, the Transatlantic Review, publishing the early works of Joyce and Pound.

JFK Charms The Socks Off Berlin

JFK Charms the socks off Berlin on June 26
JFK Charms the socks off Berlin

1963 A million and a quarter West Berliners turned out to give a tumultuous welcome to President Kennedy today.

It was a triumphant eight-hour tour during which the whole city was gripped by a frenzy of jubilation, the likes of which hadn’t been seen since the days of Hitler.

Kennedy appeared confident and relaxed.

Addressing the 1,20,000 strong crowd in Rathaus Square, he declared, “Two thousand years ago the proudest boast in the world was ‘civis Romanus sum’.

Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is ‘leh bin ein Berliner’.”

He concluded his speech by saying, “All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and, therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words ’leh bin ein Berliner’.“

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