June 27 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 27.

June 27

Events on June 27

1693 The first magazine for women, the Ladies Mercury, is published.

1816 Death of Samuel, first Viscount Hood, British admiral whose military successes included defeating the French off Dominica in 1782 and capturing Toulon in the French Revolutionary Wars.

1871 A new system of currency based on the yen was introduced in Japan.

1900 The Central Line comes into service between Shepherd’s Bush and Bank as part of the London Underground.

1939 Pan-American Airlines operates the first scheduled transatlantic air service, a 19-seater flying boat.

1954 The first nuclear power station was opened at Obninsk in the Soviet Union.

1971 The Fillmore East in New York, the rock club every rock star wanted to play, closed its doors forever.

1974 Death of bluesman Lightnin’ Slim.

1976 Six Palestinians hijack an Air France Airbus from Athens and force it to fly to Entebbe in Uganda.

1988 Intrepid British mountain climbers Dave Hurst and Alan Matthews become the first blind climbers to reach the summit of Mount Blanc in  Switzerland, Europe’s highest mountain at 15,781 ft (4,810 m).

Famous Birthdays on June 27

Louis XII 1462, French monarch whose reign was dominated by the wars his father, Charles VIII, had initiated.

Charles IX 1550, French monarch who ordered the massacre of the Huguenots on St Bartholomew’s Day in 1572.

Charles Parnell 1846, Irish politician who led the Home Rule party in the House of Commons.

Helen Keller 1880, American blind, deaf and mute teacher, social worker and writer.

Quotes from Legendary

No man knows my history. If I had not experienced what I have, I could not have believed it myself.

- Joseph Smith, Mormon founder, who was murdered today, 1844.

Historical News on June 27

Queen Mum’s 90 glorious years

Queen mother 90 glorious years on June 27
Queen mother 90 glorious years

1990 London offered a custom-made birthday parade to the Queen Mother to celebrate her ninetieth birthday this evening.

She arrived at Horse Guards Parade in an open landau accompanied by Princess Margaret and the Prince of Wales.

From there she watched an hour-long spectacular involving all the regiments of which she is colonel-in-chief and contingents from about 300 organizations with which she is involved.

The turnout included the Black Watch and the Toronto Scottish, Fellows of the Royal Society, and members of the Mothers Union.

A 500-strong choir sang “Underneath the Arches” and “The White Cliffs of Dover”.

1957 Malcolm Lowry, the English novelist, and poet died in Sussex today aged 48.

His best-known novel was Under the Volcano.

A restless man who had alcohol problems.

Lowry traveled widely and finally settled near Vancouver with his second wife.

Liberty Bell Peals Again for American Freedom

1778 Today the Liberty Bell has been returned to Philadelphia after spending a year hidden under the floorboards of the Zion Reformed Church in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

It was taken there as a precautionary measure when the city was threatened by the British one year ago.

The 2,080 Ib (943 kg) bell had a circumference of 12 ft (3.6 m) and was originally commissioned for the state house of the British province of Pennsylvania.

It was cast by Thomas Lester’s London foundry and bears the biblical inscription “Proclaim Liberty throughout the land unto all the inhabitants thereof.”

It was rung on July 8, 1776, to proclaim the Declaration of Independence, and has been a symbol of American Independence ever since.

Hubble Trouble

1990 The Hubble space telescope launched in April to claims from NASA that it would revolutionize the understanding of the universe is fatally flawed.

It was designed to see the light that has been traveling through space for 15 billion years-time close to the “Big Bang”.

But NASA officials admitted today that the Hubble’s light-gathering system, said to be “the most precise ever built”, has a wrongly shaped mirror that will prevent it from functioning any better than ground-based telescopes.

Although scientists claim this fault can be rectified, nothing can be done before 1993.

The Hubble cost $2 billion dollars and is calculated to cost at least $8 billion more during its decade-long lifetime in space.

Refugee Boats From Vietnam on June 27

Refugee boats from Vietnam on June 27
Refugee boats from Vietnam

1989 Another wave of refugee boats from Vietnam has hit Hong Kong, whose closed refugee camps are already bulging with 45,000 “boat-people”.

They are fleeing poverty, and even caged in one of Hong Kong’s crowded and sordid camps they have hope, believing they are bound for California.

But there is talk of sending them back to Vietnam.

Hong Kong is complaining that the western nation’s low refugee quotas mean that Hong Kong must do more than its fair share to help, with scant resources.

In fact, Hong Kong is wealthy and has hundreds of square miles of rural land, but it doesn’t want the refugees competing for its people’s jobs, homes, and school places.

Yet still the Vietnamese keep coming, despite the fact that the overcrowded camps are ripe for disease and violence and there have been riots in the past.

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