June 28 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 28.

June 28

Events on June 28

1836 Death of James Madison, fourth President of the United States whose influence at the Constitutional Convention which met in Philadelphia in 1787 to draw up the constitution gained him the name of “father of the American constitution”.

1841 The ballet Giselle premiered in Paris.

1861 Robert O’Hara Burke, Irish explorer of Australia who with W.J. Wills crossed the continent from north to south, dying of starvation on his return from the exploration of the mouth of the Flinders River.

1902 The United States authorizes the construction of the Panama Canal.

1937 In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin had 36 “confessed” German spies shot.

1940 The Russians seize Bessarabia from Romania.

1950 The novice US football team beats Britain 1-0 in the first round of the world cup in Brazil.

1961 Death of William Wyler, American film director who won Oscars for Mrs. Miniver and The Best Years of Our lives.

1988 The longest trial ever held in Spain comes to an end after 15 months during which 1500 witnesses are cross-examined to try to establish guilt in the selling of toxic olive oil that killed 600 and left thousands more maimed.

Famous Birthdays on June 28

Henry VIII 1491, English monarch famous for his six wives and his rebellion against the Roman Catholic church.

Sir Peter Paul Rubens 1577, Flemish painter and designer who was the most influential force in Baroque art in northern Europe.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1712, French philosopher and writer.

Luigi Pirandello 1867, Italian novelist and dramatist best known for his play Six Characters in Search of an Author.

Mel Brooks 1926, American producer, director and writer.

His work includes The Producers.

Quotes from Legendary

All the world over, I will back the masses against the classes.

- British statesman William Ewart Gladstone, in a speech at Liverpool, 1886.

Historical News on June 28

Peace Treaty Signed at Versailles

Peace treaty signed at Versailles on June 28
Peace treaty signed at Versailles

1919 The peace treaty officially ending four years of devastating war was finally signed by the humiliated Germans today.

The treaty was first presented to the six chief German delegates at the historic conference in the Trianon Palace Hotel at Versailles on May 7, 1919.

The Germans considered the terms excessively harsh, they included demands for massive reparations and refused to sign, causing British Prime Minister Lloyd George to make a gloomy prediction of another war.

The Germans, however, quickly changed their minds when threatened with occupation by allied troops.

1990 At this time of year the picturesque streets of Florence are hot, overcrowded, and littered with horse manure.

To prevent this fouling of public thoroughfares the authorities decree today that all horses within municipal limits must wear underwear.

The ordinance will affect the 19 horse-drawn carriages known as fiacchiere.

“Just think how ugly the horses will look wearing nappies full of merda,”

one driver told an Italian newspaper.

British Soldiers, of Fortune to Die in Angola

1976 Three British mercenaries were sentenced to death by the People’s Revolutionary Tribunal today for their part in Angola’s civil war.

The men who now await their end are Andrew McKenzie, John Barker, and Costas Georgiou (known as “Colonel Callan”, originally from Cyprus).

A 34-year-old American and father of four young children, Daniel Gearhart, was also sentenced to death with them.

Judge da Silva described Gearhert as “a highly dangerous character”, who advertised himself as a mercenary in the American magazine Soldier of Fortune.

Judge da Silva also accused Britain and the United States of complicity in recruiting private armies “to bring down black Africa revolutionary governments”.

Send Her Victorious

1838 From as early as 4 am this morning crowds began gathering in the streets for Queen Victoria’s coronation in Westminster Abbey today.

By 10 am the entire route was jam-packed and the atmosphere was one of excited jubilation.

Victoria entered the Abbey wearing her parliament robes of crimson velvet trimmed with ermine and gold Lace.

The ceremony was not without hitches, however, one mistake was particularly appropriate in view of a legend about the Coronation Ring which says, “The closer the fit, the longer the reign.”

The Archbishop of Canterbury attempted to force the ruby ring onto her fourth finger, but it had been made for her fifth.

1914 In Sarajevo a 19-year-old student assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, as they traveled past him.

Iraqis Handed Back Power

2004 The US-led coalition formally handed power back to Iraq, seven years after the invasion of Iraq which toppled Saddam Hussein’s regime.

At a surprise low-key ceremony in Baghdad, US administrator Paul Bremer transferred sovereignty to an Iraqi interim government led by Iyad Allawi, from the majority Shia community, in a move that was widely welcomed around the world.

The transfer took place two days ahead of schedule to avoid protest or violence.

The interim government was to hold limited power until democratic elections could take place.

De Gaulle Resists Nazis

1940, Britain gave its formal recognition to General Charles de Gaulle as the leader, in exile, of the French nation.

De Gaulle had been in London when the French government fell to the Germans and believed that the French had given in too easily.

In his radio broadcasts, which are remembered throughout France and its empire as the voice of national honor and freedom, de Gaulle rallied the country in support of the Resistance.

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