June 30 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred,  famous birthdays, death day, legend quotes, and historical news on June 30.

June 30

Events on June 30

1789 The revolutionary mob in Paris attacks Abbaye Prison.

1822 In Spain, rebels take King Ferdinand VII, the prisoner.

1894 Tower Bridge in London was officially opened.

1919 Death of British physicist Lord Rayleigh, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1904 for his discovery of argon gas.

1934 Adolf Hitler eliminates all his political opponents in the Night of the Long Knives.

1936 Margaret Mitchell’s romantic novel Gone with the Wind is published.

1971 Three Russian astronauts are found dead after a record-breaking 24 days in space which ended in oxygen failure.

1974 Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected to the West while on tour in Canada.

1984 Death of Lillian Hellman, American playwright best-known for The Little Foxes.

1994 Tonya Harding is banned for life and stripped of her national championship title for an attack on her rival figure skater Nancy Kerrigan.

1997 The first novel by J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter, and the Philosopher’s Stone, is published.

Famous Birthdays on June 30

John Gay 1685, English poet and playwright best known for the ballad opera The Beggar’s Opera.

Sir Stanley Spencer 1891, a British artist whose most famous paintings are those of biblical scenes set in his home village of Cookham, Berkshire.

Lena Horne 1917, an American singer and actress whose films include A Cabin in the Sky and Stormy Weather.

Susan Hayward 1918, American actress who won an Oscar for I Want to Live.

Mike Tyson 1966, American and world heavyweight boxing champion.

Historical News on June 30

Tightrope Thrills as Blondin Walks Over Falls

Tightrope thrills as Blondin Crossing the Niagara on June 30
Tightrope thrills as Blondin Crossing the Niagara

1859 Crowds held their breath in stunned admiration as a daring Frenchman crossed the 167 ft (51 m) high Niagara Falls balanced on a tightrope today.

The whole extraordinary feat took just five minutes.

Thirty-five-year-old Charles Blondin, whose real name is Jean Francois Gravelet, is an acrobat and tightrope walker of world renown.

Born at St Omer and trained at Lyons, he is currently engaged in a tour throughout the United States.

Hong Kong is Given Back

1997 Against a backdrop of celebrations all over China, Hong Kong has been handed back to the Chinese after 99 years of British administration.

Attending the ceremony are Prince Charles and Prime Minister Tony Blair, as well as Chinese President Jiang Zemin who has promised to govern Hong Kong by the principle of “one country, two systems”.

Nigeria Grabs Control of All Relief

1969 All relief operations on both sides of the front line of the Nigerian civil war are being taken over by the Nigerian military government, a spokesman announced today.

This means that the International Red Cross (ICRC), individual churches, and various other relief organizations of which there are 20 will now have to operate exclusively through the Nigerian National Commission for Rehabilitation.

This move comes from the Nigerian government’s determination to prevent food and other supplies from getting into the hands of Biafran troops.

The rest of the world, however, is concerned for the fate of the starving millions of the devastated region of Biafra.

ICRC officials in Geneva say they will be striving to resume food airlifts to Biafra as soon as possible.

1981 At the Trooping of the Colour in London today a youth stepped from the crowd and fired a pistol at the Queen.

Police immediately arrested the youth who, it transpired, had been firing only blank cartridges.

Norman Bates is Here

Norman Bates Psycho on June 30
Norman Bates Psycho

1960 Screams of terror filled the cinema when Norman Bates went into a killing frenzy in the film Psycho, which opened today.

Director Alfred Hitchcock -who refused to give too much of the plot away in advance -limited himself to saying that the original novel was based on the true story of a man who kept his dead mother in the basement.

An orchestra composed entirely of string was used for the musical score and the shrieking of violins contributes greatly to the atmosphere of chilling horror.

Superman Sighted

1520 The Aztec sovereign of Mexico, Montezuma II, was killed today by the Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortez who had overthrown his empire and taken him, prisoner.

Misled by the ancient prophecies of his race, Montezuma II and his people received Cortez and his men as divinities when they first arrived at the Mexican capital, Tenochtitlan.

His father, Montezuma I, was a mighty ruler whose power stretched from the Atlantic to the pacific.

Montezuma II himself was a successful conqueror until overthrown by Hernando Cortez.

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