To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 02.
Events on November 02
Famous Birthdays on November 02
Historical News on November 02
Haile Selassie I Crowned Emperor
1930 Ras (“Duke”) Tafari, King of Ethiopia, was crowned Emperor Haile Selassie I in Addis Ababa today, amid immense pomp and splendour.
Thousands of tribesmen in lion skin cloaks, waving spears and shields, lined the streets as the Emperor erove past in the ex-Kaiser’s coronation coach.
His accession follows the death of Empress Zauditu, with whom he has shared power since 1928.
He has been regent and heir apparent since 1917; his liberal, westernizing influence acted as counterbalance to the conservatism of war minister Hapta Giorgis, and he secured Ethiopia’s admission into the League of Nations in 1923.
Haile Selassie (his name means “Might of the Trinity”) intends to give Ethiopia her first written constitution.
Ethiopia and Liberia are currently the only countries in Africa with black rulers.
TV Age Begins
1936 The world’s first regular high-definition (405-line) TV service was inaugurated by the British Broadcasting Corporation today.
An estimated 100 TV owners, all living within a radius of 25 miles (40 km) from the studios at Alexandra Palace, north London, saw the Postmaster General perform the opening ceremony.
The BBC is using the system developed by Mr John Logie Baird, which at present involves a 40-second delay between the event being shown and the actual transmission; during this 40 seconds a film is developed, printed and projected.
It is believed that a simultaneous system will shortly be introduced.
For the time being there will be two one-hour transmissions a day.
Although television sets cost up to £100 ($184) it is thought that the number of owners will increase rapidly now that programmes can be transmitted regularly.
1947 In California the world’s largest aircraft, the Hughes Hercules flying-boat, or “Spruce Goose”, flew for the first time today.
It has a wingspan of 319 ft 11 inches (97.51 m), is 218 ft 8 inches (66.64 m) long, has eight 3,000 hp engines and seats 700 passengers.
The brainchild of millionaire Howard Hughes, it has been under construction in Culver City since 1942 and cost $40 (£22) million to build.
Carter Goes To Washington
1976 The Democratic outsider Jimmy Carter, former Governor of Georgia, defeated the incumbent Republican Gerald Ford to become the 39th President of the United States today.
Carter and his running mate, Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota, won by the narrow margin of 297 electoral votes to 241, capturing 51 per cent of the popular vote.
The 52-year-old from Plains, Georgia, is a liberal and a populist, and a symbol of the “New South”; he has received support from prominent blacks such as Representative Andrew Young of Georgia.
He intends to institute an energy conservation programme, to reduce the wastefulness of government bureaucracy, and to appoint women to his cabinet.
1960 A British jury has decided that the controversial novel Lady Chatterley’s Lover, by D.H. Lawrence, is indeed a book that they would wish their wives or servants to read.
Despite the prosecuting counsel’s spirited, if puritanical, attempt to persuade them otherwise, the 12 jurors found that the book was not obscene, nor liable to deprave or corrupt those who read it.