November 04 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 04.

November 04

Events on November 04

1797 US Congress agrees to pay an annual “anti-piracy” tribute to Tripoli.

1847 German composer and pianist Felix Mendelssohn died of a stroke aged only 38; his work includes the overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream and the oratorios St Paul and Elijah.

1852 The House of Commons Press Gallery was opened.

1890 The Prince of Wales travels on the Underground from King William Street to the Oval to mark the opening of the first electrified underground railway system.

1914 The first fashion show was held at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in New York, organized by Edna Woodman Chase of Vogue magazine.

1921 Japanese Prime Minister Takashi Hara Kei is assassinated by a Korean.

1931 Indian campaigner Mahatma Gandhi, in London for the Round Table Conference on the question of dominion status for India, goes to Buckingham Palace for tea with King George V. 

1946 A United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is established.

1980 Ronald Reagan is elected 40th US President.

1987 Millionaire Peter de Savary buys Land’s End, Cornwall, the southernmost tip of the British mainland.

Famous Birthdays on November 04

William Ill 1650, Dutch-born King of England, Scotland and Ireland who landed at Torbay with an army of English and Dutch troops and, when Parliament declared the throne empty, was proclaimed king.

Walter Cronkite 1916, American award-winning journalist, television newsreader and commentator with CBS.

Art Carney 1918, American actor of stage and screen who starred in the Broadway play The Odd Couple and in films such as Harry and Tonto, for which he won an Oscar.

Quotes from Legendary

We are not at war with Egypt. We are in an armed conflict.

- Anthony Eden, British prime minister, refers to the Suez crisis, 1956.

Historical News on November 04

Militants Seize Us Embassy

1979 A major international crisis blew up for President Carter today when up to 500 militant Iranians, mostly students, seized the US embassy in Tehran.

Approximately 90 people have been taken hostage, blindfolded and handcuffed, including 65 diplomatic staff.

The demonstrators burned two US flags and built a mock gallows intended for the Shah, chanting, “USA, we want the Shah soon.”

The Shah is in America at the invitation of President Carter for cancer treatment, having fled his country last January.

The Iranians want him returned to face charges of alleged torture, murder and robbery.

The Revolutionary Guards occupied the US embassy earlier this year, but were ordered out by the Ayatollah Khomeini; this time they claim they are acting on his authority.

1791 Miami Indian chief Little Turtle today defeated a mixed force of regulars and volunteers under the command of General Arthur St Clair.

It is Little Turtle’s second victory against the invaders of his territory; last year he disposed of General Josiah Harmer’s forces at Fort Recovery on the Wabash River.

Because his mother was a Mohican, Little Turtle cannot become a full chief of the Miami tribe.

Nevertheless, his forceful leadership has made him revered among his people.

Obama Makes History With Election Victory

2008 Barack Hussein Obama was elected 44th President of the USA and the first African American to hold the office.

Many world leaders welcomed the election of Senator Obama as the first black president and voter turnout was reported to be extremely high, even “unprecedented”.

Many voters felt they had voted in an historic election, and for African Americans the moment was especially poignant.

On election night, Mr Obama delivered his victory speech in Grant Park, Chicago, to tens of thousands of supporters, “If there is anyone out there who still doubts that America is a place where all things are possible, who still wonders if the dream of our founders is alive in our time, who still questions the power of our democracy, tonight is your answer.”

Nelson Climbs His Column

Nelson climbs his column on November 04
Nelson climbs his column

1843 In Trafalgar Square today the monument in honour of Lord Nelson, to commemorate his last and greatest victory at the Battle of Trafalgar, was finally completed after four years’ work.

The 17-ft (5.5-m), 16-ton statue, the work of E.H. Bailey, was hauled up the column in two pieces and placed on a capital cast in bronze from guns taken from the Royal George.

The 184-ft (60-m) column cost £50,000 ($92,000), nearly-half of which was contributed by Parliament, the balance by public subscription.

Last weekend the statue was viewed by 1,00,000 people, not all of them admirers: one critic compared it to a ship’s figurehead, and claimed that it displayed “a daring disregard of personal resemblance”.

Roosevelt Ends Arms Embargo

1939 President Roosevelt signed an amendment to the Neutrality Act into law today, repealing the US embargo on arms sales to foreign powers.

Arms can now be shipped to belligerent powers provided they pay cash and use non-US ships for transport.

Roosevelt urged the repeal in his annual message to Congress in January, but the proposal was blocked by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

The Russo/ German non-aggression pact announced on August 21, followed by the outbreak of the War itself, ended resistance.

Although the amendment in theory applies to all nations, in practice the beneficiaries will be Britain and France, thus effectively ending US neutrality, it is hoped this will mean that the Allies will now be able to win the war without active US involvement.

Rabin Assassinated

1995 Israel is in shock after the assassination today of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.

Mr Rabin was addressing a peace rally in the Square of the Kings in Tel Aviv when a 27-year old law student, a right-wing Jewish extremist, emerged from the crowd and killed him.

The prime minister has been deeply unpopular with some Israelis since he shook hands with Yasser Arafat, the PLO leader, at the White House.

His death brings grave doubts about the future of the Middle East peace process.

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