To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 05.
Events on November 05
Famous Birthdays on November 05
Quotes from Legendary
I shall not be satisfied unless I produce something that shall for a few days supersede the last fashionable novel on the tables of young ladies.
- Lord Macaulay, British historian, in a letter, 1841.
Historical News on November 05
1991 Colourful and controversial press baron Robert Maxwell drowned today after mysteriously falling from his luxury yacht off the Canary Islands.
He was not missed for some hours, and it was only after an intensive air and sea search that his naked body was found floating in the sea.
Maxwell was taking a short break amid rumours about his own health, the financial health of his businesses and his possible involvement with Mossad, the Israeli Secret Service.
Born Ludwig Hoch in Czechoslovakia in 1923, Maxwell served with distinction in the British Army in World War Two, winning the Military Cross.
After the war he parlayed his publishing company, Pergamon Press, into a huge media empire that includes the London Mirror Group and the New York Daily News.
His ability to recover from apparently terminal setbacks (he was once stigmatized as an “unfit person to run a publicly quoted company”) earned him the nickname of “the Bouncing Czech”.
Speculation about whether his death was accident, murder or suicide is intense.
Plot To Blow Up Parliament Foiled
1605 There was great rejoicing today at the narrow escape of His Majesty James I and Their Lordships, after a plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament was discovered late last night.
Lord Monteagle, a Catholic peer, received a letter warning him to stay away from today’s State Opening, hinting at an explosion.
On investigating the cellars beneath the House of Lords he and the Lord Chamberlain discovered a man piling wood who gave his name as Guy Fawkes, and claimed that the wood belonged to his master, Lord Percy.
They let him go on his way, but on further investigating the pile of wood discovered 36 barrels of gunpowder at the bottom.
Fawkes, a 35-year-old Yorkshireman, was arrested when he returned at midnight to make the final preparations.
It appears that this was a plot hatched by Catholics, headed by Robert Catesby, in protest at increasingly oppressive treatment by the King and his ministers.
The plotters had tunnelled into the cellars from a house adjoining the Parliament buildings, and had recruited Fawkes, who is noted for his coolness and bravery, in the Netherlands, where he was serving in the Spanish Army.
Boy Emperor Expelled From Forbidden City
1924 The last Manchu emperor, 18-year-old Pu-yi, was forced to leave his palace in Peking today by Christian warlord Feng Yuxiang, who had taken control of the city.
He was compelled to abdicate in 1912 by the revolutionary government in Nanking after the Wuchang uprising, ending 268 years of Manchu rule and over 2,000 years of imperial tradition.
The abdication agreement allowed him to live in the Forbidden City and retain all privileges.
He was returned to the throne by General Xun’s coup in 1917, but was dethroned again after only 12 days.
The Emperor sought the protection of the Japanese in their concession at Tien-tsin.
He now calls himself Henry Pu-yi.
1556 The 13-year-old Mogul leader Akbar defeated his only rival, Afghan general Hemu, at the second Battle of Panipat today.
It was at the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 that Akbar’s grandfather Babar defeated Sultan Ibrahim Il to establish the Mogul dynasty.
Akbar’s army faced Hemu’s 30,000-strong army, which very swiftly overcame the Mogul flanks.
Hemu then attacked the centre with a force of 1500 elephants, and was on the point of victory when he was hit in the eye by an arrow and fell to the ground unconscious.
Akbar mutilated the body and finally hacked off the head, whereupon Hemu’s hordes fled.
This victory gives Akbar unchallenged sovereignty over Delhi and Agra, and ensures the survival of the Mogul empire.