November 07 in History Events, Birthdays, & News

To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 07.

November 07

Events on November 07

1659 The Franco-Spanish war ends.

1862 The “Gatling” Gun, which is transported on wheels and has six barrels which fire in rotation mounted round a central axis, is patented by 44-year-old inventor Richard J. Gatling.

1865 The Repeating Light Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, manufactures the first pocket lighter.

1916 Jeanette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman member of the US Congress.

1960 in Moscow missiles appeared for the first time at the annual parade in Red Square.

1961 Konrad Adenauer is elected German chancellor for the fourth time.

1978 Death of American heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney.

1980 Death of American actor Steve McQueen, whose films include The Great Escape.

Famous Birthdays on November 07

Bipin Chandra Pal 1858, Indian teacher, journalist, orator, writer and freedom fighter.

Marie Curie 1867, Polish-born physicist.

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman 1888, Indian physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1931 for his discovery of the changing wavelengths of light when diffused through transparent material.

Albert Camus 1913, French author associated with Existentialism who won the Nobel prize for Literature in 1957 and is perhaps best known for his novels L’Étranger and La Peste.

Helen Suzman 1917, South African anti-apartheid and civil rights campaigner.

Dame Joan Sutherland 1926, Australian operatic soprano for whom the role of Jenifer in Sir Michael Tippett’s The Midsummer Marriage was created.

Kamal Haasan 1954, Indian film actor, screenwriter and director, well known for his versatility in acting.

Historical News on November 07

Gunman Draws A Bead On Gorbachev

1990 In Red Square today a man fired two shots from a hunting rifle during the parade to mark the 73rd anniversary of the October Revolution.

Police spotted the man taking aim at the reviewing stand on top of the Lenin Mausoleum, only 142 ft (46 m) away, where President Gorbachev was taking the salute, and wrestled him to the ground. The shots went wide and no one was injured.

The gunman, Alexandr Shimonov from Leningrad, was charged with “attempting a terrorist act”.

Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

Bolshevik revolution in Russia on November 07
Bolshevik revolution in Russia

1917 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, and his Bolsheviks successfully made a bid for power in Petrograd (St Petersburg) today.

Since the abdication of the Tsar in March and Lenin’s return from exile in Switzerland in April, political turmoil has presented Aleksandr Kerensky’s provisional government with many problems, not least a German counter-attack which threatens Petrograd itself.

Armed workers, soldiers and sailors began to take over various points throughout the city this morning.

The cruiser Aurora, anchored in the River Neva, fired a single blank shell, and by evening the Red Guards had seized the Winter Palace, seat of the government.

The Council of Commissars has confirmed Lenin as its head, with Leon Trotsky as Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Kerensky has fled to Paris, vowing to return, though his failure to get to grips with the war or the country’s economic crisis make this unlikely.

The Bolsheviks’ most immediate task is to make good their promise of “Peace, Land and Bread”, and to this end it is their declared intention to conclude a peace treaty with Germany as soon as possible.

Lewis and Clark Sight The Pacific

1805 The expedition of Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark reached the coast of Oregon today, 18 months after they set out from St Louis on their epic journey into the unknown, at the instigation of President Jefferson, to open up a trade route to the Pacific.

Their party includes 26 soldiers and two French-Canadian interpreters.

They have crossed thousands of miles of wilderness, including the Rocky Mountains, encountering many savage beasts and unfriendly men, with only one fatality – that of Sgt Charles Floyd, who died of a ruptured appendix near Sioux City, Iowa.

Mussolini is "II Duce"

1921 Benito Mussolini, the 38-year-old blacksmith’s son from Romagna, today became official leader of the 35 parliamentary members of the National Fascist Party.

Before World War One he was a socialist, editing the Milan Socialist Party newspaper Avanti, but moved to the right during and after the War, eventually involving himself in the foundation of the Fascists.

He is a fanatical supporter of the nationalist poet Gabriele d’Annunzio in his struggle to annex the port of Fiume and preempt the Paris Peace Conference; his “squadristi”, or black-shirts, have been active in anti-Bolshevik riots in Bologna, Florence and Milan, and are relentless in hunting down and breaking up Communist meetings.

Mussolini’s proud boast is that fascism is both “aristocratic and democratic, reactionary and revolutionary”.

Canada's Golden Spike

Canada's Golden Spike on November 07
Canada's Golden Spike

1885 The coast-to-coast Canadian Pacific railway was completed today.

The government of British Columbia had made it a condition of joining the Confederation, rather than be annexed to the US, that they be linked to the rest of the country by a railway by 1891.

But the work was completed five years early, thanks to the efforts of Cornelius van Horne and his team, and enthusiastic backers like Donald A. Smith.

It was Mr Smith who drove in the final “golden” spike (actually iron) at 9.22 Pacific time near Craigellachie, in the Rockies.

When trains start to run next year the journey time from Montreal to Port Moody, British Columbia, will be between five and six days.

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