To know what happened today in history, famous events occurred, famous birthdays, death days, legend quotes, and historical news on November 07.
Events on November 07
Famous Birthdays on November 07
Historical News on November 07
Gunman Draws A Bead On Gorbachev
1990 In Red Square today a man fired two shots from a hunting rifle during the parade to mark the 73rd anniversary of the October Revolution.
Police spotted the man taking aim at the reviewing stand on top of the Lenin Mausoleum, only 142 ft (46 m) away, where President Gorbachev was taking the salute, and wrestled him to the ground. The shots went wide and no one was injured.
The gunman, Alexandr Shimonov from Leningrad, was charged with “attempting a terrorist act”.
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
1917 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, and his Bolsheviks successfully made a bid for power in Petrograd (St Petersburg) today.
Since the abdication of the Tsar in March and Lenin’s return from exile in Switzerland in April, political turmoil has presented Aleksandr Kerensky’s provisional government with many problems, not least a German counter-attack which threatens Petrograd itself.
Armed workers, soldiers and sailors began to take over various points throughout the city this morning.
The cruiser Aurora, anchored in the River Neva, fired a single blank shell, and by evening the Red Guards had seized the Winter Palace, seat of the government.
The Council of Commissars has confirmed Lenin as its head, with Leon Trotsky as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Kerensky has fled to Paris, vowing to return, though his failure to get to grips with the war or the country’s economic crisis make this unlikely.
The Bolsheviks’ most immediate task is to make good their promise of “Peace, Land and Bread”, and to this end it is their declared intention to conclude a peace treaty with Germany as soon as possible.
Lewis and Clark Sight The Pacific
1805 The expedition of Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark reached the coast of Oregon today, 18 months after they set out from St Louis on their epic journey into the unknown, at the instigation of President Jefferson, to open up a trade route to the Pacific.
Their party includes 26 soldiers and two French-Canadian interpreters.
They have crossed thousands of miles of wilderness, including the Rocky Mountains, encountering many savage beasts and unfriendly men, with only one fatality – that of Sgt Charles Floyd, who died of a ruptured appendix near Sioux City, Iowa.
Mussolini is "II Duce"
1921 Benito Mussolini, the 38-year-old blacksmith’s son from Romagna, today became official leader of the 35 parliamentary members of the National Fascist Party.
Before World War One he was a socialist, editing the Milan Socialist Party newspaper Avanti, but moved to the right during and after the War, eventually involving himself in the foundation of the Fascists.
He is a fanatical supporter of the nationalist poet Gabriele d’Annunzio in his struggle to annex the port of Fiume and preempt the Paris Peace Conference; his “squadristi”, or black-shirts, have been active in anti-Bolshevik riots in Bologna, Florence and Milan, and are relentless in hunting down and breaking up Communist meetings.
Mussolini’s proud boast is that fascism is both “aristocratic and democratic, reactionary and revolutionary”.
Canada's Golden Spike
1885 The coast-to-coast Canadian Pacific railway was completed today.
The government of British Columbia had made it a condition of joining the Confederation, rather than be annexed to the US, that they be linked to the rest of the country by a railway by 1891.
But the work was completed five years early, thanks to the efforts of Cornelius van Horne and his team, and enthusiastic backers like Donald A. Smith.
It was Mr Smith who drove in the final “golden” spike (actually iron) at 9.22 Pacific time near Craigellachie, in the Rockies.
When trains start to run next year the journey time from Montreal to Port Moody, British Columbia, will be between five and six days.